The Hindu Lead Article (‘A script of action, responsibility and compassion’) – Apr 08, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (‘A script of action, responsibility and compassion’) – Apr 08, 2020

As I write this piece, the novel coronavirus has infected nearly 5,200 people in our country and 165 people have died from the disease. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (‘A script of action, responsibility and compassion’) – Apr 08, 2020.

To read this article, click here.

This preview is provided here with permission.  

Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (‘A script of action, responsibility and compassion’) – Apr 08, 2020:

  1. script (noun) – a plan of action.
  2. compassion (noun) – concern, consideration, humanity.
  3. COVID-19 (noun) – coronavirus disease 2019.
  4. coronavirus (CoV)(noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  5. containment (noun) – an act of keeping something (harmful) under control (it means quickly identifying cases of coronavirus through testing, placing infected individuals in isolation, tracking who infected persons might have been in contact with and potentially quarantining those who came into contact with infection so that the disease doesn’t continue to spread).
  6. proactive (adjective) – dedicated, aggressive, passionate/spirited; foresighted, forward-looking.
  7. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  8. relentless (adjective) – persistent, continuing, constant, non-stop, unrelenting.
  9. machinery (noun) – organization, system, structure.
  10. in the midst of (phrase) – in the middle of.
  11. personal protective equipment (PPE) (noun) – safety gear; protective clothing, helmets, masks or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer’s body from injury/disease.
  12. pathology (noun) – a branch of medical science that studies the nature, effects, causes and consequences of diseases.
  13. swine flu (noun) – H1N1 flu; Swine influenza/flu is a highly contagious disease caused by a strain (type) of the influenza type A virus called H1N1. Swine flu used to only affect pigs and rarely, be passed to humans.
  14. outbreak (noun) – sudden appearance/occurrence(of a disease); outburst, epidemic.
  15. augment (verb) – increase, make larger, enlarge, supplement.
  16. chair (verb) – preside over, lead, control/direct.
  17. sensitisation (noun) – a quality to be reactive/responsive to something.
  18. cadre (noun) – members of a group; a small group (of people).
  19. nodal centre (noun) – primary centre (head office).
  20. ventilator (noun) – a respirator, a device (used for a patient to breathe).
  21. mortality (noun) – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate/number of death.
  22. so far (phrase) – until now, up to the present, up to this point.
  23. solely (adverb) – only, simply, merely.
  24. hotspot (noun) – a place of significant activity.
  25. contact tracing (noun) – it is defined as the identification and follow up of persons who may have come into contact with a person infected with the virus.
  26. cluster (noun) – a group (of people considered as a unit).
  27. screening (noun) – examination, testing (of a group of people for the symptoms of a disease). The process of identifying healthy people who may be at increased risk of disease or condition.
  28. hallmark (noun) – distinctive feature, indication, sure sign.
  29. epicentre (noun) – the main point of unpleasant or problematic situation.
  30. spiral (verb) – increase rapidly, rise rapidly, leap up, escalate.
  31. uncompromising (adjective) – stubborn, single-minded, head-strong, relentless, resolute, determined.
  32. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  33. standard operating procedure (SOP) (noun) – a detailed, written document consisting of step-by-step information on routine activities necessary to complete tasks in accordance with specific regulations or standards.
  34. work out (phrasal verb) – develop, form, initiate/establish.
  35. adherence to (noun) – commitment to, attachment to.
  36. quarantine (noun) – a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; Quarentine is imposed to separate and restrict the movement of persons, who may have been exposed to infectious disease, but not yet known to be ill.
  37. meticulous (adjective) – careful, diligent, thorough/scrupulous.
  38. curb (noun) – restraint, restriction, control.
  39. screen (verb) – check, test, examine (a person for the presence of a disease).
  40. ruthless (adjective) – unrelenting, unsparing, unforgiving, inflexible.
  41. key (noun) – solution, answer, clue.
  42. case in point (phrase) – example, instance, sample.
  43. social distancing (noun) – a term means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  44. isolation (noun) – a complete separation from others of a person known or reasonably believed to be infected with communicable diseases.
  45. curfew (noun) – a rule which is instructing people to stay at home, typically at night.
  46. war cry (noun) – rallying call, shout call, battle cry (used to get people’s support for a cause).
  47. war-room (noun) – a place (such as a business headquarters) where all the vital information are gathered and brainstormed with all the key people involved in it (to solve a difficult problem).
  48. deployment (noun) – the movement of workforce to a place for an effective action.
  49. round the clock (phrase) – all day and all night (without stopping).
  50. superannuation (noun) – retirement (discharging someone after having reached a predetermined age or cause to retire someone due to age).
  51. grievance (noun) – complaint, criticism, objection/protest.
  52. in no time (phrase) – very fast/quickly.
  53. synchronized (adjective) – concurrent, coinciding, happening/done at the same time.
  54. inter- (prefix) – between.
  55. rise to the challenge (phrase) – to deal with/respond to a difficult situation successfully.
  56. needy (adjective) – poor/poverty-stricken, underprivileged, impoverished.
  57. sustenance (noun) – means of support, source of income, support, maintenance.
  58. (the) destitute (noun) – the impoverished, the poverty-stricken, the poor.
  59. disburse (verb) – pay out, give, spend/expend.
  60. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, execute.
  61. lack of (noun) – absence, want/need, deficiency.
  62. ration (noun) – the practice of having a fixed allowance of food, esp a statutory one for civilians (particularly in time of scarcity or soldiers in time of war); allowance, allocation, allotment.
  63. facilitate (verb) – make easier, make possible; assist, help, aid.
  64. lactating (adjective) – breastfeeding.
  65. institutional delivery (noun) – it refers to the facilities like hospitals, trained health care professionals etc. for women for giving birth to child.
  66. immunisation (noun) – the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.
  67. nutrition (noun) – nourishment, nutriment, nutrients.
  68. fodder (noun) – food, particularly dried hay or straw, for cattle and other livestock.
  69. kharif crops (noun) – monsoon crops; seeds sowing in the beginning (Jun) of the monsoon and harvesting at the end of the season (Oct) in the South Asia.
  70. rabi crops/sowing (noun) – winter crops; seeds sowing in the beginning (Nov) of the winter and harvesting at the end of the season (Apr) in the South Asia.
  71. harvesting (noun) – the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields.
  72. threshing (noun) – the process of separating grain from a crop.
  73. defer (verb) – delay, hold off, postpone.
  74. reimbursement (noun) – money paid back/compensated for the money spent.
  75. pump in (phrasal verb) – invest a large sum of money in something.
  76. prioritise (verb) – make a point of, highlight, call attention to (something as very important).
  77. aid (noun) – help, assistance, support.
  78. equitable (adjective) – fair, impartial.
  79. supply chain (noun) – a network between a company and its suppliers to produce and distribute a specific product to the final buyer.
  80. procurement (noun) – collection, acquiring, purchasing.
  81. from pillar to post (phrase) – from place to place, back and forth, in all directions.
  82. standardization (noun) – the process of making something as a standard.
  83. look ahead (phrase verb) – to think about what will happen in the future.
  84. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  85. at/in the forefront (phrase) – be in a leading position in an important activity that is trying to achieve something.
  86. discriminate (verb) – differentiate, distinguish, separate; disfavour, be biased, treat differently.
  87. harmony (noun) – unity, solidarity, peace/goodwill.
  88. fitting (adjective) – apt, appropriate, suitable. 
  89. testing (adjective) – challenging, tough, difficult.
  90. humanity (noun) – humankind, the human race, people.
  91. ethnicity (noun) – a category of people who identify with each other based on common language, ancestral, social, cultural, or national experiences.
  92. demography (noun) – the statistical study/structure of populations, especially human beings.
  93. thrive (verb) – grow, develop, progress, advance (vigorously).
  94. succumb (verb) – give in, submit, surrender, fall victim to, suffer from.
  95. divisive (adjective) – alienating/isolating, disharmonious, discordant.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (‘A script of action, responsibility and compassion’) – Apr 08, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (‘A script of action, responsibility and compassion’) – Apr 08, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (‘A script of action, responsibility and compassion’) – Apr 08, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (‘A script of action, responsibility and compassion’) – Apr 08, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (‘A script of action, responsibility and compassion’) – Apr 08, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (‘A script of action, responsibility and compassion’) – Apr 08, 2020

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