The Hindu Editorial (Sanctions and pandemic) – Apr 08, 2020

The Hindu Editorial (Sanctions and pandemic) – Apr 08, 2020

America’s refusal to ease sanctions on Iran even when the West Asian country is struggling hard to contain the novel coronavirus spread with limited resources… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Sanctions and pandemic) – Apr 08, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Sanctions and pandemic) – Apr 08, 2020:

  1. sanctions (noun) – action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  2. pandemic (noun) – The worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  3. hostile (adjective) – aggressive, confrontational, belligerent; opposed, inimical, averse, unsympathetic.
  4. ease (verb) – mitigate, soften, tone down, lessen, reduce.
  5. contain (verb) – control, limit, restrain.
  6. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  7. disregard (noun) – indifference, inattention, heedlessness, carelessness, neglect. 
  8. humanitarian (adjective) – compassionate, humane, socially concerned.
  9. to be sure (phrase) – used to highlight something.
  10. front (noun) – area of operation.
  11. reluctant (adjective) – unwilling, disinclined, unenthusiastic.
  12. drastic (adjective) – extreme, severe, forceful.
  13. exponential (adjective) – rapid, quickfast.
  14. cash-strapped (adjective) – relating to someone who has no sufficient money.
  15. accentuate (verb) – highlight, underline, focus attention on.
  16. unilaterally (adverb) – used to indicate something done by a person/country without approval/agreement from other people/countries involved in the situation.
  17. pull out (phrasal verb) – withdraw, leave, get out.
  18. shrank past of shrink (verb) – lessen, reduce, decrease.
  19. woes (noun) – trouble, difficulty, problem.
  20. debilitate (verb) – weaken, make weak, disable, paralyse, undermine, impair.
  21. humanitarian goods (noun) – goods (including food, water, medical supplies & etc,) given to meet the immediate needs of victims of disasters.
  22. call (noun) – appeal, request, plea, demand.
  23. exempt (verb) – free from, not liable to, not subject to.
  24. retaliation (noun) – revenge, vengeance, counter-attack.
  25. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  26. stay away from (phrasal verb) – evade, avoid, dodge.
  27. mechanism (noun) – procedure, process, method/technique.
  28. dire (adjective) – terrible/awful, appalling, distressing.
  29. strait (noun) – a bad/difficult situation; trouble, crisis.
  30. lack (verb) – be in need of, need, require, be short of.
  31. COVID-19 (noun) – coronavirus disease 2019.
  32. gigantic (adjective) – huge, wide, extensive.
  33. containment (noun) – an act of keeping something (harmful) under control.
  34. on the brink of (phrase) – on the edge/verge of difficult/dangerous situation; at a crucial or critical point.
  35. resume (verb) – restart, return to, come back to.
  36. diplomatic (adjective) – (delicate & sensitive) consular, foreign-policy.
  37. turn into (phrasal verb) – transform into; cause to become (a particular kind of thing).
  38. diplomatic opening (noun) – a matter of agreement between the governments concerned.
  39. bashing (noun) – fierce criticism, opposition, censure.
  40. beef up (phrasal verb) – improve, build up, strengthen, reinforce, consolidate.
  41. far removed from (phrase) – to be very different from something.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-2 The Hindu Editorial (Sanctions and pandemic) – Apr 08, 2020:

The Hindu Editorial (Sanctions and pandemic) - Apr 08, 2020 The Hindu Editorial (Sanctions and pandemic) - Apr 08, 2020

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