The Hindu Lead Article (A fragile French republic) – Nov 04, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (A fragile French republic) – Nov 04, 2020

The recent series of terrorist attacks have come at the worst possible time for France. For months, the country has been struggling with a surge in COVID-19 cases. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A fragile French republic) – Nov 04,2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A fragile French republic) – Nov 04, 2020:

  1. fragile (adjective) – easily broken/destroyed, weak, risky, unreliable, insecure.
  2. Laïcité (noun) – French word literally meaning “secularity” (the state of being unrelated/neutral with respect to religion); secularism.
  3. cohesion (noun) – connection, linkage, bond.
  4. surge (noun) – sudden increase, rise, growth.
  5. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  6. onerous (adjective) – burdensome, difficult, tough, troublesome, stressful.
  7. paperwork (noun) – official procedure/documentation, rule, regulation.
  8. greet (verb) – receive, acknowledge, respond to, react to.
  9. weary (adjective) – tired of, fed up with, sick of/jaded by.
  10. shrug (noun) – an act of shrugging one’s shoulders as a sign of disregarding/dismissing something.
  11. spectre (noun) – prospect or possibility that something unpleasant might happen; threat, menace, danger/peril.
  12. grimly (adverb) – seriously, gloomily, depressingly, threateningly.
  13. accustom to (verb) – adjust, accommodate, adopt.
  14. carousel (noun) – a format that tells a story through multiple images and videos in a single unit.
  15. cordon off (phrasal verb) – to close off an area to prevent people/vehicle from entering it; seal off, fence off, shut off, isolate.
  16. uncertainty (noun) – unpredictability, unreliability, riskiness/precariousness.
  17. perpetrator (noun) – someone who does immoral, harmful and illegal activity; offender, criminal, wrongdoer/evil-doer, culprit.
  18. accompany (verb) – occur with, be present with, coincide with, coexist with.
  19. sombre (adjective) – serious, stern, grim.
  20. trickle (verb) – come gradually, occur slowly.
  21. pronouncement (noun) – announcement, proclamation, formal statement.
  22. cynical (adjective) – sceptical, doubtful, distrustful.
  23. take aback (phrasal verb) – surprise, shock, stun, astonish.
  24. assassination (noun) – murder, killing.
  25. ambush (verb) – attack by surprise.
  26. behead (verb) – cut off the head of, decapitate, to remove the head of.
  27. genteel (adjective) – correct, well mannered, respectable, civilized.
  28. suburb (noun) – outlying district, residential area, outskirts.
  29. assailant (noun) – attacker.
  30. long-standing (adjective) – long-established, deep-rooted, fixed, persistent, continuing (for a long time).
  31. prophet (noun) – a person who is believed to be sent by God to Earth (to say the things that God wants to tell people).
  32. satirical (adjective) – mocking, ironic, sarcastic/ridiculing.
  33. devastating (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous.
  34. stand trial (phrase) – to be brought to a court of law (in order to hear, investigate & pass judgement on).
  35. design (verb) – originate, create, plan, formulate, think up.
  36. reignite (verb) – evoke, call up, rekindle, stir.
  37. in the wake of (phrase) – as a result of some event, especially an unpleasant one; in the aftermath of, as a consequence of, on account of, because of, owing to.
  38. symbolism (noun) – representation of ideas/qualities.
  39. spectacular (adjective) – striking, noticeable.
  40. by all accounts (phrase) – supposedly, apparently, seemingly.
  41. exceptional (adjective) – outstanding, extraordinary, remarkable. 
  42. secularism (noun) – the belief that religion should not have a strong influence in education or other public parts of society.
  43. reflection (noun) – indication, display, demonstration.
  44. forefront (noun) – fore, front, front line.
  45. at/in/to the forefront of (phrase) – be in a leading/front/important position in an important activity; spearhead, van guard, front line, leading position.
  46. diverse (adjective) – including people from a range of different social and ethnic backgrounds.
  47. heavy hand (noun) – oppression, suppression, repression.
  48. dogma (noun) – principle, rule, tenet.
  49. spearhead (verb) – lead, head (an movement/protest); be in the forefront of.
  50. civilise (verb) – enlighten, edify, educate, instruct.
  51. indigenous (adjective) – native/local, domestic.
  52. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  53. myriad (adjective) – a great number, countless, various.
  54. ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  55. notoriously (adverb) – infamously, ill-reputedly, ill-famedly, noticeably (with a bad quality).
  56. embody (verb) – include, incorporate, encompass, integrate.
  57. encompass (verb) – include, subsume, incorporate.
  58. evacuation (noun) – departure, withdrawal, retreat; abandonment.
  59. liberty (noun) – freedom, independence.
  60. equality (noun) – fairness, justness, impartiality.
  61. fraternity (noun) – brotherhood, solidarity, union, mutual support, friendship.
  62. progressive (adjective) – forward-looking, forward-thinking, dynamic, advanced.
  63. contemporary (adjective) – modern, present-day.
  64. lofty (adjective) – noble, high, elevated, worthy.
  65. underpin (verb) – support, strengthen, fortify, buttress.
  66. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually.
  67. reflect (verb) – indicate, show, reveal, exhibit.
  68. decolonisation (noun) – the process of releasing a state/country (from a colony) to have autonomy and outright independence from the colonial rulers.
  69. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  70. subsequently (adverb) – afterwards, later on, eventually.
  71. hijab (noun) – a head covering, generally a veil or a scarf, worn in public by some Muslim women.
  72. spur (verb) – motivate, stimulate, encourage, urge, galvanize.
  73. far-right (adjective) – relating to the extreme right wing of a political party or group; extremely conservative, rightist.
  74. stigmatisation (noun) – accusation, cursing, denouncement, discredit/dishonor, disparagement.
  75. immigrant (noun) – non-native, foreigner, migrant.
  76. harden (verb) – toughen, make tough; stiffen.
  77. bulwark (noun) – protector, guard, supporter.
  78. obscurantism (noun) – deliberate obscurity (non-recognition) of something true/facts.
  79. rhetorical (adjective) – relating to the art of speaking or writing effectively & persuasively or impressively (but, often lacking substance); oratorical, overblown, extravagant, bombastic.
  80. take off (phrasal verb) – remove, discard, divest oneself of, shrug off.
  81. compromise (noun) – agreement, deal, understanding, settlement.
  82. acknowledge (verb) – admit, accept, realize.
  83. double down (phrasal verb) – to be more firm & resolute on something (decided) even if that might be a risky choice; to double or increase a risk involved in doing something.
  84. denounce (verb) – condemn, criticize, censure.
  85. in the light of (phrase) – considering, taking into account, keeping in mind.
  86. express (adjective) – sole, specific, particular.
  87. for a start (phrase) – in the first place.
  88. elicit (verb) – obtain, bring forth, bring out, extract, evoke.
  89. hostile (adjective) – opposed, inimical, averse, unsympathetic.
  90. invocation (noun) – citation, mention, calling on.
  91. erode (verb) – undermine, weaken, destroy, spoil gradually.
  92. exclusionary (adjective) – alienating, isolating, separating out/sorting out, segregating.
  93. paradoxically (adverb) – contradictorily, inconsistently, incongruously.
  94. manipulate (verb) – misrepresent, falsify, distort.
  95. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, follow.
  96. amorphous (adjective) – unstructured, indeterminate, formless/vague.
  97. strip of (verb) – dispossess, deprive, deny/remove, take away from (rank, power, etc.).
  98. render (verb) – make, cause to be, cause to become.
  99. instrument (noun) – mechanism, apparatus, system, means (to achieve/attain something).


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A fragile French republic) – Nov 04, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (A fragile French republic) – Nov 04, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A fragile French republic) – Nov 04, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A fragile French republic) – Nov 04, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A fragile French republic) – Nov 04, 2020

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