The Hindu Editorial (Water as woe) – Jul 22, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (Water as woe) – Jul 22, 2021

The revival of the monsoon has overwhelmed Mumbai and its suburbs once again, paralysing life, disrupting drinking water supplies, and exposing the parlous state of its infrastructure. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Water as woe) – Jul 22, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

The Hindu Editorial (Water as woe) – Jul 22, 2021:

  1. woe (noun) – burden, problem, trouble, difficulty.
  2. mayhem (noun) – turmoil, chaos, havoc.
  3. deal (noun) – arrangement.
  4. revival (noun) – comeback, reappearance.
  5. overwhelm (verb) – inundate, swamp, overrun, engulf, flood; overload, overburden, beset, afflict/strain.
  6. suburb (noun) – outlying district, outskirts.
  7. paralyse (verb) – cripple, disable, stop, bring to a (grinding) halt, put out of action, immobilize/inactivate.
  8. expose (verb) – uncover, reveal, show, display.
  9. parlous (adjective) – bad, awful, terrible, precarious.
  10. infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure for something (to function properly).  
  11. intermittent (adjective) – irregular, occasional, periodic.
  12. torrent (noun) – outpouring, heavy fall of rain, downpour, flood, deluge, inundation.
  13. crippling (adjective) – weakening, damaging, impairing, destroying, spoiling, paralyzing.
  14. influence (verb) – affect, have an effect on, prompt.
  15. staggering (adjective) – astonishing, shocking, surprising.
  16. inundation (noun) – flooding, deluge.
  17. toll (noun) – number, count, total (number of deaths).
  18. take a toll (phrase) – to cause damage, suffering, deaths.
  19. landslide (noun) – a landslide is defined as the movement of a mass of rock, debris, or earth down a slope. Landslides are a type of “mass wasting,” which denotes any down-slope movement of soil and rock under the direct influence of gravity; landslip, rockfall, mudslide, earthfall/slip.
  20. crush (verb) – shatter, damage, devastate, demolish, destroy.
  21. despair (noun) – hopelessness, desperation, distress, anguish, pain.
  22. recur (verb) – happen again, reoccur, occur again, be repeated.
  23. pride oneself on (verb) – be proud of, take pride in, take satisfaction in.
  24. enterprise (noun) – business, activity/affair, pursuit, proceeding.
  25. resilience (noun) – the ability to bounce back quickly from difficulties; strength of character, strength, toughness.
  26. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  27. malady (noun) – a serious problem.
  28. pose (verb) – constitute, present, create, cause (a problem or danger or risk).
  29. jeopardy (noun) – danger, peril, risk.
  30. add to (phrasal verb) – increase, amplify, intensify.
  31. misery (noun) – pain, grief, anguish, agony, distress, torment, suffering.
  32. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support/protection; ill-protected, easily affected by, prone to, at risk of.
  33. hovel (noun) – a small dwelling; slum, shanty, hut.
  34. suburban (adjective) – suburban area is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.
  35. landslide-prone (noun) – in danger of getting landslide; at the risk of landslide.
  36. dire (adjective) – terrible, dreadful, appalling, shocking, grave, serious, woeful.
  37. in contrast to (phrase) – in opposition to.
  38. keen (adjective) – enthusiastic, determined, passionate, wholehearted.
  39. pre-eminent (adjective) – important, foremost, prominent.
  40. metropolis (noun) – a big city/a large & busy city.
  41. accommodate (verb) – adjust, adapt, attune, get accustomed, come to terms with, come to accept.
  42. notorious (adjective) – infamous, of ill repute, ill-famed.
  43. inability (noun) – incapability, incapacity, helplessness.
  44. affordable (adjective) – economical, inexpensive, reasonably priced.
  45. affluent (adjective) – wealthy, well off, rich.
  46. less affluent (adjective) – less wealthy, less well-off, poor.
  47. catastrophic (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous.
  48. result in (phrasal verb) – cause, produce, effect, contribute to.
  49. draw up (phrasal verb) – prepare a plan of action in detail.
  50. National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) (noun) – The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), headed by the Prime Minister of India, is the apex body for Disaster Management in India. Setting up of NDMA and the creation of an enabling environment for institutional mechanisms at the State and District levels is mandated by the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  51. storm water (noun) – inundated/flood water produced after a heavy rainfall.
  52. affairs (noun) – matters, concerns, activities.
  53. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  54. urbanisation (noun) – a process of creating urban areas. It is a result of population migration from rural areas in addition to natural urban demographic growth.
  55. recurrent (adjective) – repeated, recurring, cyclic, regular, frequent.
  56. highlight (verb) – underline, underscore, emphasize.
  57. fact-finding (adjective) – (of a committee) inquiry, inspection, examination, analysis.
  58. deluge (noun) – downpour, torrential rain, torrent of rain; flood.
  59. call (noun) – demand, need, request; requirement, necessity.
  60. impediment (noun) – obstacle, barrier, obstruction, hindrance.
  61. perennial (adjective) – everlasting, unending, endless, permanent.
  62. rehabilitate (verb) – restore to health/normality.
  63. clear the air (phrase) – reduce the tense situation; make peace, reconcile differences.
  64. follow-up (noun) – continuation, development.
  65. white paper (noun) – a government report that informs people concisely about a complex issue.
  66. neglect (noun) – negligence, carelessness, heedlessness, lack of concern, laxity, irresponsibility.
  67. amorphously (adverb) – indeterminately, vaguely, shapelessly.
  68. encroach (verb) – intrude, trespass, impinge, infiltrate, invade.
  69. defence (noun) – protection, shielding, safeguarding.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (Water as woe) – Jul 22, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (Water as woe) – Jul 22, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (Water as woe) – Jul 22, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (Water as woe) – Jul 22, 2021

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