The Hindu Editorial (The second wave) – Apr 01, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (The second wave) – Apr 01, 2021

The rise in COVID-19 cases as part of India’s ‘second wave’ has the government and public health authorities truly worried. In many ways, the concern is larger than during last year when there were several more cases. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (The second wave) – Apr 01, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

The Hindu Editorial (The second wave) – Apr 01, 2021:

  1. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  2. clear (verb) – give approval to, authorize, give permission (officially). 
  3. surge (noun) – sudden increase or rise of something.
  4. in many ways (phrase) – to a (large) extent, to a (great) degree.
  5. NITI Aayog (noun) – The National Institution for Transforming India, also called NITI Aayog, was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015. NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. (NITI Aayog replaced “The Planning Commission” – an institution in the Government of India established in 1950, which formulated India’s Five-Year Plans, among other functions to oversee the country’s economic and social development). (Think tank is a panel of experts who provide advice and ideas on political, social or economic issues).
  6. at/in/to the forefront of (phrase) – be in a leading/front/important position in an important activity; spearhead, van guard, front line, leading position.
  7. ongoing (adjective) – current, existing, continuing, happening, occurring.
  8. from bad to worse (phrase) – into an even worse condition.
  9. reiterate (verb) – repeat, say again, restate.
  10. spike (noun) – a sharp rise/increase of something.
  11. on the horizon (phrase) – imminent, impending, approaching, near/close, just around the corner.
  12. catastrophic (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous.
  13. nine-fold (adjective) – nine times as great/as much.
  14. skyrocket (verb) – rise, increase, escalate, mount; mushroom, snowball.
  15. three-fold (adverb) – three times (as great/as much).
  16. administer (verb) – dispense, provide, give, apply (a drug/vaccine).
  17. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  18. Covaxin (noun) – India’s first indigenous COVID-19 vaccine candidate (COVAXIN) developed by a Hyderabad-based company (Bharat Biotech) in collaboration with the ICMR (The Indian Council of Medical Research).
  19. Oxford vaccine/Covishield (noun) – (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) or (AZD1222) is a COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca, UK Ltd. (named Covishield in India). Serum Institute of India (SII), a biotechnology company has partnered with global pharma giant AstraZeneca and Oxford University for this vaccine candidate ‘Covidshield’.
  20. inoculate (verb) – to inject/introduce a vaccine into the body of someone to produce immunity to a particular disease; immunize, vaccinate.
  21. apparent (adjective) – evident/clear, visible, noticeable, recognizable.
  22. sign up (phrasal verb) – join up, register; enrol/enlist.
  23. notable (adjective) – important, significant, obvious.
  24. exception (noun) – an anomaly, special case, deviation.
  25. bear down (phrasal verb) – advance on, close in on, move in on, converge on, approach, come close to.
  26. prioritise (verb) – make a point of, highlight, call attention to (something as very important).
  27. candidate vaccine or vaccine candidate (noun) – a “potential” vaccine prepared in the research and development (R&D) centres and it can be used in human clinical trials.
  28. line up (phrasal verb) – have something ready/prepared; form a queue, queue up, form lines.
  29. regulator (noun) – an association that supervises a particular business activity.
  30. hesitancy (noun) – reluctance, unwillingness, disinclination.
  31. vaccine hesitancy (noun) – a reluctance or refusal to be vaccinated or to have one’s children vaccinated; reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines.
  32. pressing (adjective) – urgent, critical, crucial, important.
  33. tides and ebbs (phrase) – used to explain something that changes regularly; decline and then growth, decrease and increase, fall and rise, come in and go out.
  34. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  35. under/below par (phrase) – below average, unsatisfactory, poor, bad.
  36. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  37. to one’s credit (phrase) – used to mention that someone deserves praise/admiration.
  38. credit (noun) – praise, admiration, commendation, acclaim, acknowledgement, recognition.
  39. laxity (noun) – negligence, neglect, lack of proper care and attention, carelessness, heedlessness, lack of concern, irresponsibility.
  40. mortality (noun) – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate/number of death.
  41. bias (verb) – incline, angle, slant, bend.
  42. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  43. trial (noun) – test, pilot study, experiment (phase 1, 2,3, and or human/clinical trial).
  44. inoculation (noun) – vaccination, injection, immunization; jab, shot.
  45. address (verb) – tackle, deal with.
  46. amplify (verb) – raise, intensify, escalate.
  47. hypocritical (adjective) – insincere, false/hollow, self-righteous.
  48. election-bound/poll-bound (adjective) – guaranteed to have election (which is imminent/approaching).
  49. emphasise (verb) – draw attention to, put stress on, underscore, highlight.
  50. social/physical distancing (noun) – a term means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  51. accelerate (verb) – hasten, expedite, speed up, step up.
  52. rush through (phrasal verb) – to deal with/act on something very quickly.
  53. efficacy (noun) – In medicine, the ability of an intervention (for example, a drug or surgery) to produce the desired beneficial effect; effectiveness, efficiency, power.
  54. sharpen (verb) – improve,  better, hone,enhance.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (The second wave) – Apr 01, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (The second wave) – Apr 01, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (The second wave) – Apr 01, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (The second wave) – Apr 01, 2021

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