The Hindu Editorial (Taxing clunkers) – Jan 27, 2021
The Centre’s proposed policy to raise road tax on vehicles of a certain age from April 1 next year has the potential to renew a big part of India’s vehicular fleet, reducing air pollution,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Taxing clunkers) – Jan 27, 2021.
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The Hindu Editorial (Taxing clunkers) – Jan 27, 2021:
- clunker (noun) – an old vehicle.
- road tax (noun) – the tax levied on any vehicle before it is used in public on the road.
- potential (noun) – possibility, potentiality.
- fleet (noun) – a group of vehicles (owned by a company/organisation rather than by an individual or family and used for business purposes).
- concession (noun) – reduction, discount, deduction.
- hybrid (adjective) – composed/combined of different elements.
- hybrid vehicle (noun) – a vehicle that utilizes more than one fuel sources or two or more different fuel sources to operate and to move the vehicle or a hybrid vehicle is a vehicle wherein the means of propulsion is by engine which is a combination of IC (internal combustion engine petrol/diesel) engine and an electric motor.
- electric (noun) – an electric vehicle.
- exempt (verb) – free from, not liable to, not subject to (an obligation).
- on the cards (phrase) – likely, possible, expected, liable to happen, in the offing.
- enforce (verb) – force, compel, demand, insist on.
- Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (noun) – an Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to motor vehicles.
- weigh in (phrasal verb) – to have influence (in a decision/discussion/plan/argument/activity); be important to, carry weight, make an impression on, make a contribution to.
- unlike (preposition) – different from, dissimilar to, not like, as opposed to, in contrast to.
- recession (noun) – economic decline, slowdown, downturn, depression, slump.
- rebate (noun) – allowance, reduction, discount, refund.
- rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, have recourse to.
- penal (adjective) – disciplinary, punitive, corrective; punishable by law.
- persuade (verb) – convince, influence, motivate.
- scrap (verb) – discard, remove, dispense with, eliminate.
- trade-in (noun) – exchange, swapping, cashing in.
- disposal (noun) – throwing away, getting rid of, discarding.
- safeguard (noun) – protection, shield, safety measure.
- indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
- equity (noun) – value, worth, valuation. (Equity in a car is calculated by subtracting the amount you owe to the lender from the actual value of the car).
- vetted (adjective) – assessed, evaluated, scrutinized, inspected.
- on the lines of (phrase) – in conformity with.
- stimulus (noun) – In economics, stimulus refers to attempts to use monetary or fiscal policy (or stabilization policy in general) to stimulate the economy; impetus, boost, incentive, fillip.
- Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) (noun) – The Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India started the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) in the year 2005-06 to improve the Urban Infrastructure, Urban Governance and to provide basic services to the urban poor. The aim is to encourage reforms and fast track planned development of identified cities.
- green (adjective) – environmentally friendly, non-polluting, ozone-friendly, energy-efficient, fuel-saving, low-carbon.
- ideally (adverb) – in a perfect way.
- pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
- emphasis (noun) – importance, significance; priority, insistence.
- scrappage (noun) – the action of disposing old/inoperative vehicles.
- on the drawing board (phrase) – (of an idea, plan, or proposal) being thought about and not yet ready to execute/carry out.
- envision (verb) – visualize, imagine, envisage, propose, think of.
- scrap (noun as modifier) – leftovers, remains; waste, discarded matter.
- formal/organised sector (noun) – formal economy; it is the part of an economy that is taxed and monitored by the government.
- informal/unorganized sector (noun) – informal economy, grey economy; it is the part of an economy that is neither taxed, nor monitored by any form of government.
- provision (noun) – preparations, plans, prearrangement, precautionary measures.
- build in (phrasal verb) – incorporate, include, embody.
- junk (noun as modifier) – discarded/useless things.
- reflect (verb) – indicate, show, reveal, exhibit.
- on the road (phrase) – (of a vehicle) in use; able to be driven.
- moreover (adverb) – besides, furthermore, in addition.
- entrepreneur (noun) – businessman, businesswoman, business person.
- lack (verb) – be without, be in need of, require, be short of.
- transition (noun) – change.
- guzzler (noun) – a vehicle (e.g. car) that consumes large amounts of fuels very quickly.
- gestation (period) (noun) – development, formation (period).
- operationalise (verb) – put into use.
- toxic (adjective) – fatal, deadly; harmful, dangerous.
1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
The Hindu Editorial (Taxing clunkers) – Jan 27, 2021: