The Hindu Editorial (Many vulnerabilities) – Jan 27, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (Many vulnerabilities) – Jan 27, 2021

The much discussed and debated Electronic Voting Machine in India has survived intense scrutiny over its use largely because of… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Many vulnerabilities) – Jan 27, 2021.

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Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Many vulnerabilities) – Jan 27, 2021:

  1. vulnerability (noun) – weakness, defencelessness, unprotectedness, susceptibility.
  2. blockchain (noun) – a technology by which a global network of computers  jointly manage the database that records Bitcoin (a type of digital currency) transactions.
  3. robustness (noun) – soundness, sturdiness, strength/power.
  4. as yet (phrase) – so far, thus far, yet, still, until now.
  5. suspect (adjective) – suspicious, dubious, untrustworthy, questionable, doubtful.
  6. survive (verb) – sustain oneself, pull through, get through; continue to exist.
  7. scrutiny (noun) – examination, inspection, investigation.
  8. standalone (adjective) – relating to mechanism/system by which a device can perform its function without the need of another device, computer, or network/connection.
  9. besides (preposition) – apart from, other than, excluding.
  10. safeguard (noun) – protection, security.
  11. tamper with (verb) – interfere, meddle, distort/alter, manipulate.
  12. Voter-Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) (noun) – it is a method of providing feedback to voters using a ballot-less voting system. it consists of physical paper records of voter ballots as voters have cast them on an electronic voting system.
  13. audit-ability (noun) – the ability to examine/inspect something for its accuracy.
  14. glitch (noun) – problem, difficulty, issue/complication.
  15. seek (verb) – try to find, aim, attempt.
  16. robust (adjective) – strong, sturdy, powerful.
  17. call (noun) – requirement, need, demand.
  18. ballot (noun) – vote, poll.
  19. malpractice (noun) – misconduct, wrongdoing, unethical behaviour, unprofessionalism.
  20. ballot-stuffing (noun) – a type of electoral fraud whereby a person permitted only one vote submits multiple ballots. It can also happen when a person instead of casting votes in a single booth casts his/her vote in multiple booths.
  21. commence (verb) – start, begin, initiate.
  22. trial (noun) – test, pilot study, experiment.
  23. bring back (phrasal verb) – start doing something again; cause something to return to; reintroduce.
  24. scrutiny (noun) – examination, inspection, investigation.
  25. remote voting (noun) – it refers to the process of enabling a voter to cast his or her franchise from any polling station in the country – and not just the one they are registered in.
  26. designated (adjective) – identified, recognized, classified.
  27. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  28. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  29. social distancing (noun) – a term means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  30. mail-in voting/ballots (noun) – postal voting; a type of voting in an election where ballot papers/voter slips are distributed to voters to their addresses before Election Day and mailed back by the voters or deposited at a voting location or secure dropbox by a certain time on Election Day.
  31. absentee voting (noun) – a type of voting in an election where voters cast their vote by post, because they can’t physically be present at a voting center on Election Day due to varies reasons ranging from being out of country (for study/job), having disability or illness, serving as an election worker & etc,.
  32. in-person voting (noun) – a type of voting in an election where voters cast their votes/ballots in person in a polling booth on Election Day.
  33. bulletin board (noun) – noticeboard.
  34. linear (adjective) – sequential, straight; following in a logical order.
  35. append (verb) – adjoin, include, add.
  36. cryptocurrency (noun) – a type of digital currency (virtual currency).
  37. bitcoin (noun) – a type of digital currency (cryptocurrency).
  38. centralised (adjective) – controlled by a single authority.
  39. authenticate (verb) – verify, validate, confirm/certify.
  40. cryptographic (adjective) – relating to the art of writing or solving codes.
  41. cryptographic digital signature (noun) – cryptographic digital signature use public key algorithms (processes) to provide data integrity. When you sign data with a digital signature, someone else can verify the signature, and can prove that the data originated from you and was not altered after you signed it.
  42. ledger (noun) – (record) book, registry, register.
  43. point to (verb) – indicate, suggest, denote.
  44. try out (phrasal verb) – test, trial, experiment.
  45. point out (phrasal verb) – indicate, specify, detail, mention.
  46. exercise (verb) – use, employ, apply (a process).
  47. deploy (verb) – use, utilize, employ.
  48. subject something to (verb) – cause to undergo, put through, treat with.
  49. rigorous (adjective) – strict, stern, stringent.
  50. appraisal (noun) – analysis, evaluation, assessment.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-2 The Hindu Editorial (Many vulnerabilities) – Jan 27, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (Many vulnerabilities) – Jan 27, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Many vulnerabilities) – Jan 27, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Many vulnerabilities) – Jan 27, 2021

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