The Hindu Editorial (Safe forests, safe people) – Apr 03, 2020
The rapid spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus across the world has focused attention on the seemingly invisible processes that help pathogens… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Safe forests, safe people) – Apr 03, 2020.
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Today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Safe forests, safe people) – Apr 03, 2020
- deadly (adverb) – fatal, lethal, life-threatening.
- novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
- seemingly (adverb) – apparently, allegedly, supposedly, evidently, reportedly.
- invisible (adjective) – unnoticeable, indistinguishable, indiscernible.
- pathogen (noun) – bacteria/virus that causes disease.
- leap (noun) – a sudden/quick jump; change, move.
- Ebola (noun) – Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a rare but severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. (Courtesy: WHO)
- severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) (noun) – SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is thought to be an animal virus from an as-yet-uncertain animal reservoir, perhaps bats, that spread to other animals (civet cats). It is a viral (human-to-human transmission) that can cause severe respiratory illness or death.
- bird flu (noun) – it is also known as influenza A or the avian flu. It primarily infects birds, but can pose health risks to people.
- swine flu (noun) – H1N1 flu; Swine influenza/flu is a highly contagious disease caused by a strain (type) of the influenza type A virus called H1N1. Swine flu used to only affect pigs and rarely, be passed to humans.
- alarm (noun) – warning sound, danger/distress signal, alert.
- pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
- COVID-19 (noun) – coronavirus disease 2019.
- contagion (noun) – the spreading of a dangerous disease.
- point to (verb) – indicate, suggest, denote.
- underlying (adjective) – fundamental, basic, primary.
- trapping (noun) – confining, catching, cornering (animals with a trap).
- species (noun) – a group/breed/family of living organisms (animals & plants) with the individual having the same quality & can breed.
- harbour (verb) – give shelter to (an organism- virus/bacteria).
- host (noun) – an animal/plant on which a parasite or commensal organism lives.
- dimension (noun) – aspect, feature, element.
- pup (noun) – a young (wolf).
- civet (noun) – a small cat-like mammal.
- Nipah virus (noun) – a zoonotic virus (it is transmitted from animals to humans) and can also be transmitted through contaminated food or directly between people.
- Hendra virus (noun) – a rare emerging zoonosis (zoonosis means a disease that can be transmitted to humans from animals) that causes severe and often fatal disease in both infected horses and humans.
- underscore (verb) – underline, emphasize, highlight.
- viable (adjective) – manageable, feasible, effective.
- ecosystem (noun) – living things and their environment.
- colonize (verb) – settle in, populate; occupy, take over.
- biodiversity (noun) – the existence of a number and variety of species (plants & animals) in a particular geographic region/environment.
- pool (noun) – a group of something (kept as a reserve/stock).
- phenomenon (noun) – occurrence, event, happening.
- impediment (noun) – hindrance, obstacle, obstruction.
- trajectory (noun) – course, route, path.
- come to an halt (phrase) – to stop moving/working.
- reckless (adjective) – careless, thoughtless, incautious/heedless.
- exploitation (noun) – taking advantage, making use, misuse, ill/unfair treatment.
- crippling (adjective) – weakening, damaging, impairing, destroying, spoiling, paralyzing.
- sit/wait in the wings (phrase) – someone who is not active at this time, but ready to do something very soon.
- pay attention (phrase) – listen/heed, attend, concentrate on.
- novel (adjective) – new, different, unfamiliar/unusual.
- reservoir (noun) – source of something.
- staggering (adjective) – astonishing, shocking, surprising.
- toll (noun) – number, count, sum total (of deaths/casualties).
- lockdown (noun) – a state of isolation; confinement, restraint, encirclement.
- devastation (noun) – destruction, damage, havoc/wreckage.
- dire (adjective) – terrible, awful, distressing.
- hasty (adjective) – rash, reckless, impulsive.
- enfeebled (adjective) – weaken, debilitated, crippled, disabled.
- unleash (verb) – let loose, release, set free.
- scourge (noun) – plague, affliction, misfortune, suffering.
- roll back (phrasal verb) – reverse the progress of something.
- dilution (noun) – reduction in value/power/force of something.
- mounting (adjective) – increasing, growing, escalating.
- confer (verb) – grant, bestow, present/give.
- pristine (adjective) – pure, spotless, clean and fresh.
- diverse (adjective) – various, multiple, different.
virtually (adverb) – effectively, nearly.
- bottle up (phrasal verb) – keep something contained; keep something trapped.
- keep out of one’s way (phrase) – avoid, do not block or get involved in someone’s route.
1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
Today’s word list-1 The Hindu Editorial (Safe forests, safe people) – Apr 03, 2020: