The Hindu Editorial (Rapid failures) – Apr 24, 2020
Rapid testing kits that State governments have been using to detect antibodies to the novel coronavirus have proved unreliable,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Rapid failures) – Apr 24, 2020.
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Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Rapid failures) – Apr 24, 2020:
- COVID-19 (noun) – coronavirus disease 2019.
- antibody (noun) – it is also called ‘immunoglobulin’; a protective protein produced mainly by plasma (blood) cells in the immune system in response to the presence of antigens (disease causing organisms (bacteria & viruses) and other harmful/toxic foreign substances like insect venom).
- underscore (verb) – underline, emphasize, highlight.
- novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
- unreliable (adjective) – untrustworthy, inaccurate, incorrect/wrong.
- lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
- immunity (noun) – the ability of the body to protect itself from disease causing organisms (bacteria & viruses) and other harmful/toxic foreign substances (like insect venom).
- kickstart (verb) – revive, restore, resume, revitalize.
- diagnostic (adjective) – relating to the diagnostics (identification) of a disease/other problems.
- RT-PCR testing (noun) – Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) Testing; it is one of the most accurate laboratory methods for detecting, tracking, and studying the coronavirus. It is a nuclear-derived method for detecting the presence of specific genetic material from any pathogen, including a virus. (pathogen is a bacteria/virus that causes disease).
- nasal swab (noun) – a method for collecting a clinical test sample of nasal secretions from the back of the nose and throat. (“swab” is piece of soft, absorbent material attached to a stick to take samples of body fluids, clean wounds or apply medicines).
- throw up (phrasal verb) – produce something.
- in as much as (phrase) – to the extent that; in so far as.
- specificity (noun) – in medicine diagnosis, the ability of the test to correctly identify those without the disease (true negative rate).
- sensitivity (noun) – In medical diagnosis, test sensitivity is the ability of a test to correctly identify those with the disease (true positive rate).
- phenomenon (noun) – occurrence, happening, circumstance.
- quandary (noun) – trouble/difficulty, difficult situation, state of uncertainty.
- surveillance testing (noun) – it refer to the ongoing collection of information about a disease in a certain group of people and doing (certain) tests on a regular schedule.
- narrow down (phrasal verb) – reduce, lessen, decrease.
- coronavirus (CoV) (noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
- task force (noun) – unit, crew, outfit, section (mainly arranged for a task).
- look at (phrasal verb) – consider, view, analyse.
- sero-surveillance (noun) – serological surveillance; identification of patterns of current and past infections using serological test (blood-based tests). Serosurveillance provides estimates of antibody levels against vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) and is considered the gold standard for measuring population immunity due to past infection or vaccination. It is an important component of disease surveillance and complements notification, hospitalisation, mortality and immunisation coverage data.
- regulator (noun) – an association that supervises a particular business activity.
- provision (noun) – term, clause, requirement/condition.
- fall/run afoul of (phrase) – get into trouble, come into conflict with, go against (by not following rules/standards).
- call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
- rigorous (adjective) – strict/stern, severe, tough.
- go out (phrasal verb) – convey, inform, communicate.
- substitute (verb) – use as an alternative (method).
- by no means (phrase) – not at all, in no way, certainly not.
- promising (adjective) – favourable, hopeful, optimistic.
1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
Today’s word list-2 The Hindu Editorial (Rapid failures) – Apr 24, 2020: