The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021
Several States have done the inevitable, going into a strict lockdown for a fortnight to arrest India’s calamitous descent into COVID-19 hell since mid-March. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021.
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The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021:
- lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
- augment (verb) – improve, make better, boost, enhance, upgrade.
- shutdown (noun) – closure of a (complete) system; closing down, winding up.
- inevitable (adjective) – unavoidable, unpreventable, certain, inescapable, bound/sure to happen.
- fortnight (noun) – a period of two weeks/fourteen days continuously.
- arrest (verb) – stop, halt, end, restrict, prevent.
- calamitous (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous, catastrophic.
- descent (noun) – fall, drop, decline; degradation, degeneration, deterioration.
- hell (noun) – misery, torment, suffering, affliction.
- sweeping (adjective) – extensive, wide-ranging; overwhelming, complete, unrestricted.
- staggering (adjective) – astonishing, shocking, surprising.
- popular (adjective) – public, collective, social, societal.
- measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
- imposition (noun) – introduction, institution; enforcement.
- ill-prepared (adjective) – not prepared; not ready.
- come with (phrasal verb) – be associated with an event; exist/develop as a result of something; accompany.
- mutating (adjective) – evolving, changing, transforming, undego (genetic change).
- aggravate (verb) – increase, intensify, worsen, exacerbate, compound.
- manifold (adjective) – many, numerous, multiple (types).
- scourge (noun) – affliction, bane, curse, plague.
- bring about (phrasal verb) – cause, create, give rise to, produce.
- rally (noun) – gathering, march/procession, meeting.
- look forward (to) (phrasal verb) – anticipate, expect, hope for.
- draw (verb) – deduce, infer, conclude, derive, gather.
- insight (noun) – deep understanding, recognition, realization, revelation.
- crude (adjective) – bad, defective, faulty, inferior; rude, offensive.
- policing (noun) – the enforcement of rules/regulations; overseeing, monitoring, inspection.
- public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.
- novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
- primarily (adverb) – basically, especially, particularly.
- respiratory (adjective) – relating to or affecting breathing (or organs of breathing).
- droplet (infection) (noun) – an infection transmitted from one individual to another by droplets of moisture expelled from the upper respiratory tract through sneezing or coughing.
- aerosol (noun) – In general, aerosols are liquid or solid particles suspended in the air.
- aerosol transmission (noun) – airborne/droplet transmission; the spread of an infectious agent caused by the dissemination (spreading/distribution) of droplet nuclei (aerosols) that remain infectious when suspended in air over long distances and time.
- ventilated (adjective) – allowing air to enter and circulate freely.
- contaminated (adjective) – polluted, adulterated; infected.
- pose (verb) – create or cause (a problem or danger or risk).
- insistence (noun) – emphasis.
- social/physical distancing (noun) – a term that means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
- prohibition (noun) – the act or practice of forbidding something by law; banning, forbidding, prohibiting, barring, debarment.
- auditoria (plural noun) – plural of auditorium.
- moreover (adverb) – besides, furthermore, in addition.
- rather than (phrase) – instead of.
- shut out (phrasal verb) – halt, stop, block.
- vending (noun) – selling off, trading, trade.
- commendably (adverb) – notably, deservingly, laudably, exceptionally.
- disburse (verb) – pay out, give, hand out.
- opt (verb) – choose, select, decide on.
- disbursement (noun) – paying out, giving, handing out, disbursal, payment.
- facilitate (verb) – make easy, make possible, enable; assist, help/aid.
- harassment (noun) – persecution, pressure, irritation, coercion, intimidation.
- exhausted (adjective) – tired out, worn out, weary, drained, fatigued.
- stagger (verb) – operate/function uncertainly or precariously.
- weight (noun) – influence, importance, significance.
- pause (noun) – temporary stoppage, break, interval.
- window (noun) – opportunity, chance, opening.
- heart-rending (adjective) – distressing, upsetting, heartbreaking, sad.
- lag (noun as modifier) – delay, slowing, slowness.
- drop (noun) – decrease, reduction, decline, slump.
- vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
- incumbent on (adjective) – binding, obligatory, mandatory, necessary, compulsory, imperative.
- vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
- scale up (phrasal verb) – increase, expand, augment; step up.
- dramatically (adverb) – greatly, largely.
- scale (noun) – extent, size, magnitude, reach.
- pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
- yield (verb) – produce, give, provide (results/benefits/gains).
- surge (noun) – sudden increase or rise of something.
- fritter away (phrasal verb) – squander, waste, misuse.
1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context.
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021: