The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021

Several States have done the inevitable, going into a strict lockdown for a fortnight to arrest India’s calamitous descent into COVID-19 hell since mid-March. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021:

  1. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  2. augment (verb) – improve, make better, boost, enhance, upgrade.
  3. shutdown (noun) – closure of a (complete) system; closing down, winding up.
  4. inevitable (adjective) – unavoidable, unpreventable, certain, inescapable, bound/sure to happen.
  5. fortnight (noun) – a period of two weeks/fourteen days continuously.
  6. arrest (verb) – stop, halt, end, restrict, prevent.
  7. calamitous (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous, catastrophic.
  8. descent (noun) – fall, drop, decline; degradation, degeneration, deterioration.
  9. hell (noun) – misery, torment, suffering, affliction.
  10. sweeping (adjective) – extensive, wide-ranging; overwhelming, complete, unrestricted.
  11. staggering (adjective) – astonishing, shocking, surprising.
  12. popular (adjective) – public, collective, social, societal.
  13. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  14. imposition (noun) – introduction, institution; enforcement.
  15. ill-prepared (adjective) – not prepared; not ready.
  16. come with (phrasal verb) – be associated with an event; exist/develop as a result of something; accompany.
  17. mutating (adjective) – evolving, changing, transforming, undego (genetic change).
  18. aggravate (verb) – increase, intensify, worsen, exacerbate, compound.
  19. manifold (adjective) – many, numerous, multiple (types).
  20. scourge (noun) – affliction, bane, curse, plague.
  21. bring about (phrasal verb) – cause, create, give rise to, produce.
  22. rally (noun) – gathering, march/procession, meeting.
  23. look forward (to) (phrasal verb) – anticipate, expect, hope for.
  24. draw (verb) – deduce, infer, conclude, derive, gather.
  25. insight (noun) – deep understanding, recognition, realization, revelation.
  26. crude (adjective) – bad, defective, faulty, inferior; rude, offensive.
  27. policing (noun) – the enforcement of rules/regulations; overseeing, monitoring, inspection.
  28. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.
  29. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  30. primarily (adverb) – basically, especially, particularly.
  31. respiratory (adjective) – relating to or affecting breathing (or organs of breathing).
  32. droplet (infection) (noun) – an infection transmitted from one individual to another by droplets of moisture expelled from the upper respiratory tract through sneezing or coughing.
  33. aerosol (noun) – In general, aerosols are liquid or solid particles suspended in the air.
  34. aerosol transmission (noun) – airborne/droplet transmission; the spread of an infectious agent caused by the dissemination (spreading/distribution) of droplet nuclei (aerosols) that remain infectious when suspended in air over long distances and time.
  35. ventilated (adjective) – allowing air to enter and circulate freely.
  36. contaminated (adjective) – polluted, adulterated; infected.
  37. pose (verb) – create or cause (a problem or danger or risk).
  38. insistence (noun) – emphasis.
  39. social/physical distancing (noun) – a term that means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  40. prohibition (noun) – the act or practice of forbidding something by law; banning, forbidding, prohibiting, barring, debarment.
  41. auditoria (plural noun) – plural of auditorium.
  42. moreover (adverb) – besides, furthermore, in addition.
  43. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  44. shut out (phrasal verb) – halt, stop, block.
  45. vending (noun) – selling off, trading, trade.
  46. commendably (adverb) – notably, deservingly, laudably, exceptionally.
  47. disburse (verb) – pay out, give, hand out.
  48. opt (verb) – choose, select, decide on.
  49. disbursement (noun) – paying out, giving, handing out, disbursal, payment.
  50. facilitate (verb) – make easy, make possible, enable; assist, help/aid.
  51. harassment (noun) – persecution, pressure, irritation, coercion, intimidation.
  52. exhausted (adjective) – tired out, worn out, weary, drained, fatigued. 
  53. stagger (verb) – operate/function uncertainly or precariously.
  54. weight (noun) – influence, importance, significance.
  55. pause (noun) – temporary stoppage, break, interval.
  56. window (noun) – opportunity, chance, opening.
  57. heart-rending (adjective) – distressing, upsetting, heartbreaking, sad.
  58. lag (noun as modifier) – delay, slowing, slowness.
  59. drop (noun) – decrease, reduction, decline, slump.
  60. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  61. incumbent on (adjective) – binding, obligatory, mandatory, necessary, compulsory, imperative.
  62. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  63. scale up (phrasal verb) – increase, expand, augment; step up. 
  64. dramatically (adverb) – greatly, largely.
  65. scale (noun) – extent, size, magnitude, reach.
  66. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  67. yield (verb) – produce, give, provide (results/benefits/gains).
  68. surge (noun) – sudden increase or rise of something.
  69. fritter away (phrasal verb) – squander, waste, misuse.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Lockdown gains) – May 10, 2021

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