The Hindu Editorial (Engage Iran) – Jun 24, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (Engage Iran) – Jun 24, 2021

The U.S.’s decision to block dozens of Iran-linked websites at a time when both countries are trying to revive the nuclear deal is unnecessary provocation. The U.S. has accused the sites,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Engage Iran) – Jun 24, 2021.

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The Hindu Editorial (Engage Iran) – Jun 24, 2021:

  1. engage (verb) – involve (in a diplomatic talk/discussion).
  2. revive (verb) – restore, renew, reintroduce, re-establish.
  3. Iran nuclear deal (or) Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) (noun) – JCPOA, known commonly as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal, is an agreement on the Iranian nuclear program reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015, between Iran and the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) together with the European Union.
  4. reverse (verb) – cancel, repeal, revoke; withdraw, take back.
  5. sanctions (noun) – action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  6. provocation (noun) – annoyance, irritation, agitation, vexation; stirring, goading, prompting.
  7. state-owned (adjective) – government-owned.
  8. disinformation (noun) – fake news, made-up story, false information, lie, falsehood.
  9. crack down on (phrasal verb) – get tough on, take severe measures against, clamp down on.
  10. allegation (noun) – charge, accusation, indictment.
  11. hardline (adjective) – uncompromising, strict, diehard, extreme, tough, inflexible.
  12. cleric (noun) – a religious leader (of a Christian or Muslim Religion).
  13. sanction (verb) – punish, impose a penalty on, ban, prohibit.
  14. alleged (adjective) – supposed, claimed, professed, purported, reported, ostensible.
  15. execution (noun) – killing, hanging, putting to death.
  16. escalate (verb) – increase, intensify, accelerate, heighten.
  17. tension (noun) – strained relations.
  18. muzzle (verb) – silence, censor, suppress, stifle, restrain.
  19. free speech (noun) – the right to express one’s opinions publicly (without any restraint).
  20. rhetoric (noun) – the art of speaking or writing effectively & persuasively or impressively (but, often lacking substance); bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  21. hardly (adverb) – barely, almost not.
  22. serve (verb) – act as, function as.
  23. seize (verb) – capture, take over, take possession of, take control of.
  24. semi-official (adjective) – having some (not fully) official authority.
  25. switch (verb) – change, convert, shift.
  26. despotic (adjective) – autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian/authoritarian.
  27. regime (noun) – government.
  28. knee-jerk (adjective) – unthinking, unintentional, unplanned.
  29. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  30. besides (preposition/linking adverb) – in addition to, as well, apart from.
  31. aid (verb) – facilitate, help, assist.
  32. narrative (noun) – a representation of a particular situation; portrayal/account.
  33. hostile (adjective) – opposed, inimical, antagonistic, ill-disposed; confrontational, belligerent, combative.
  34. hitch (noun) – problem, difficulty, issue, setback.
  35. diplomatic (adjective) – (delicate & sensitive) consular, foreign-policy.
  36. under way (phrase) – in progress, happening, occurring, taking place.
  37. along with (phrase) – together with, accompanying.
  38. willingness (noun) – readiness, preparedness, inclination, desire.
  39. maximum pressure (noun) – “maximum pressure” policy will force Iran to negotiate under Washington’s terms on reaching a new so-called big deal. In contrast, Iran with adopting the “maximum resistance” policy, is showing that it will not surrender to the Trump’s coercive and bullying policy.
  40. cut off (phrasal verb) – discontinue, disconnect, interrupt, suspend, break off.
  41. in return for (phrase) – in exchange for.
  42. lift (verb) – cancel, remove, withdraw, revoke, annul.
  43. embattled (adjective) – (relating to something/someone) troubled by problems or difficulties.
  44. woes (noun) – trouble, difficulty, problem.
  45. overtures (noun) – movement, approach, advances. 
  46. bottleneck (noun) – a condition which appears as not solvable and so delays the process; setback, problem, issue, snag, difficulty.
  47. pull out (phrasal verb) – withdraw, retreat, draw back, disengage, fall back.
  48. enrichment (noun) – the method of making more powerful or explosive Uranium by increasing the composition of uranium-235 isotope through the process of isotope separation. (The process of concentrating the U-235).
  49. centrifuge (noun) – a high-precision computer-controlled machining equipment used to enrich uranium (separate uranium-235 isotopes).
  50. ballistic missile (noun) – a missile, which is shot from the ground, takes a long distance to travel well outside the atmosphere and falls to the earth to explode on its target (due to the gravity).
  51. outright (adverb) – instantly, instantaneously, immediately, at once, straight away.  
  52. take over (phrasal verb) – assume control of, take control of, gain control of, take charge of, take command of.
  53. pragmatic (adjective) – practical, realistic, sensible, rational, reasonable.
  54. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  55. sprawling (adjective) – stretching, extending, spreading out (over a large area irregularly).
  56. regime (noun) – system.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (Engage Iran) – Jun 24, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (Engage Iran) – Jun 24, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (Engage Iran) – Jun 24, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (Engage Iran) – Jun 24, 2021

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