The Hindu Editorial (Cognisant of constraints) – Feb 03, 2020

The Hindu Editorial (Cognisant of constraints) – Feb 03, 2020

The interim report of the 15th Finance Commission, tabled in Parliament on Saturday,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Cognisant of constraints) – Feb 03, 2020.

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Today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Cognisant of constraints) – Feb 03, 2020:

  1. cognisant (adjective) – aware, well informed about, familiar with.
  2. constraint (noun) – restriction, limitation, restraint.
  3. interim (adjective) – provisional, transitional, temporary.
  4. rock (the) boat (phrase) – do something to disturb (the present/stable condition).
  5. devolution (noun) – distribution, transfer, decentralization, delegation.
  6. table (verb) – present, propose, submit, put forward.
  7. preserve (verb) – uphold, maintain, protect.
  8. predecessor (noun) – previous holder of the post; forerunner, precursor, antecedent.
  9. belying present participle of belie (verb) – misrepresent, falsify, distort.
  10. sizeable (adjective) – substantial, considerable, significant.
  11. vertical (adjective) – upright, perpendicular, straight.
  12. divisible pool (noun) – the taxes of the central government that it should share with the state governments in accordance with the recommendations of the Finance Commission.
  13. accrue (verb) – accumulate, collect, gather.
  14. erstwhile (adjective) – old, previous, former, then.
  15. notional (adjective) – ideal, supposed, assumed.
  16. horizontal distribution/devolution (noun) – the allocation between the States of the respective shares of (proceeds) earnings. whereas, vertical distribution/devolution means the distribution of the net earnings (proceeds) of taxes of the Union between the Union and the States.
  17. aggregate (adjective) – total, combined, whole.
  18. criterion (noun) – basis, standard, norm. (criteria is the plural form of criterion).
  19. rejig (verb) – reorganize, rearrange, alter.
  20. human capital (noun) – the economic value of the abilities and qualities of labour that influence productivity.
  21. weight (noun) – importance, significance, value/power.
  22. switch (noun) – change, move, shift.
  23. address (verb) – attend to, tackle, deal with.
  24. voice (verb) – express, communicate, mention, state.
  25. switch (noun) – change, move, shift, transition.
  26. with the exception of (phrase) – except, excluding, not including, omitting. 
  27. notably (adverb) – especially, particularly, primarily.
  28. shrink (verb) – lessen, reduce, decrease.
  29. flag (verb) – indicate, identify, point out.
  30. dog (verb) – trouble, disturb, worry.
  31. shortfall (noun) – deficit, inadequacy/deficiency; shortcoming/defect.
  32. volatility (noun) – fluctuation, inconsistency, unpredictability.
  33. granularity (noun) – the state/quality of including a lot of small details.
  34. a share of the pie (phrase) – a slice of the pie, a piece of the pie; a portion of something available can be distributed.
  35. vex (verb) – upset, trouble, disturb.
  36. last-mile (noun) – a phrase widely used in the telecommunications, cable television and internet industries to refer to the final leg of the telecommunications networks that deliver telecommunication services to retail end-users (customers).
  37. fragmented (adjective) – separated, isolated, disintegrated/collapsed/divided.
  38. off-budget (adjective) – not provided for or included in the regular government budget.
  39. parastatal (noun) – a company/organisation that is controlled wholly or partly by the government.
  40. liabilities (noun) – financial obligation.
  41. earmark (verb) – designate, reserve, set aside.
  42. time-bound (adjective) – related to a certain moment or era in time.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-1 The Hindu Editorial (Cognisant of constraints) – Feb 03, 2020:

The Hindu Editorial (Cognisant of constraints) - Feb 03, 2020 The Hindu Editorial (Cognisant of constraints) - Feb 03, 2020

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