The Hindu Editorial (A tortuous recovery) – Jan 04, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (A tortuous recovery) – Jan 04, 2021

For a fiscally strapped government, scrambling to arrest the economy’s recessionary decline, the GST collections in the last month of 2020,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (A tortuous recovery) – Jan 04, 2021.

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Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (A tortuous recovery) – Jan 04, 2021:

  1. tortuous (adjective) – complicated, complex, indirect, lengthy.
  2. inflow (noun) – a flow of a large amount of something (e.g. money) to a particular place.
  3. augur well (verb) – bode, indicate, portend (a good outcome).
  4. flux (noun) – instability, unsteadiness, unpredictability.
  5. fiscally (adverb) – financially.
  6. strapped (adjective) – impoverished, deprived, penurious, poverty-stricken.
  7. scramble (verb) – struggle, hurry/hasten, rush (to do something to achieve a goal/result).
  8. arrest (verb) – stop, halt, end, prevent, restrict.
  9. recessionary (adjective) – relating to a period of temporary economic downturn.
  10. tidings (noun) – news, information, reports.
  11. receipts (noun) – proceeds, money received, payment received, turnover.
  12. sustain (verb) – continue,  carry on, keep up, prolong, retain, extend.
  13. quarter (noun) – a period of three months (considered as one-fourth of a year).
  14. spike (noun) – a sharp rise/increase of something.
  15. shrinkage (noun) – reduction, lessening, lowering, drop, decline.
  16. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  17. infuse (verb) – add, impart, introduce.
  18. headline (Inflation) (noun) – a measure of the total inflation within an economy, including commodities such as food and energy prices (e.g., oil and gas), which tend to be much more volatile and prone to inflationary spikes.
  19. inflation (noun) – simply meaning “cost of living”; the increase in the price level of goods & services and vice versa decrease of currency value.
  20. resurface (verb) – come out, arise again.
  21. subterranean (adjective) – lower, lower-level, below ground.
  22. stress (verb) – emphasize, draw attention to, highlight, underline, underscore.
  23. year-on-year (adjective) – year over year (for comparison).
  24. buoyancy (noun) – vigour/strength, high level of activity, growth.
  25. kitty (noun) – a sum of something (money/things) made up of small contributions; funds, reserves, finances, resources, wealth.
  26. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  27. bolster (verb) – strengthen, support, boost, reinforce/buttress.
  28. compliance (noun) – conformity, observation, adherence.
  29. crackdown (noun) – getting tough, severe/stern measures, restriction, suppression/repression, clampdown.
  30. tax evader (noun)  – a person who illegally avoids paying tax.
  31. discern (verb) – come to know, find out, realize/recognize, understand.
  32. oversight (noun) – supervision, surveillance, control.
  33. so as to (phrase) – in order to.
  34. distil (verb) – extract, draw out, take out (most important aspects of).
  35. account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, comprise, represent.
  36. moreover (adverb) – besides, furthermore, in addition.
  37. fag end (noun) –  end, last part, leftover, remnants, remains, remainder.
  38. moderate (verb) – decrease, contract, reduce, lessen.
  39. due to (phrase) – because of, owing to, by virtue of.
  40. base effect (noun) – (in economics) the tendency of a small absolute change from a low initial amount to be translated into a large percentage change. (or) The contribution to changes in the annual rate of inflation from unusual or extreme changes in the price index (or sub-index) during the base period, i.e. the period that is used as the basis for the calculation of annual rates.
  41. tighten (verb) – make stricter, make more rigorous, make more stringent, stiffen, toughen.
  42. persist (verb) – continue, carry on, keep going.
  43. robust (adjective) – strong.
  44. merchandise (mass noun) – goods, commodities, produce.
  45. contract (verb) – decline, decrease, diminish, reduce.
  46. surge (noun) – sudden increase, rise, growth.
  47. surge (verb) – increase suddenly, escalate, rise/grow.
  48. bring in (phrasal verb) – introduce, cause, bring about, create.
  49. cess (noun) – a form of tax charged/levied over and above the base tax liability of a taxpayer. A cess is usually imposed additionally when the state or the central government looks to raise funds for specific purposes.
  50. trajectory (noun) – track/course, route, path, direction, approach.
  51. pain point (noun) – pain spot; a continuing/persistent problem.
  52. niggling (adjective) – annoying, worrying continuously for a long period of time.
  53. aggravate (verb) – make worse, worsen, exacerbate, compound, increase/intensify.
  54. core sector (noun) – the eight industries comprising electricity, steel, refinery products, crude oil, coal, cement, natural gas, and fertilizers are classified as core sector industries.
  55. contraction (noun) – In economics, it refers to a decline in national output as measured by gross domestic product.
  56. slip (verb) – slump, tumble, decline.
  57. uptick (noun) – a small increase or upward trend.
  58. whopping (adjective) – huge, massive, very large.
  59. Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) (noun) – it is a leading business information company. It was established in 1976, primarily as an independent think tank. CMIE produces economic and business databases and develops specialised analytical tools to deliver these to its customers for decision making and for research.
  60. deteriorate (verb) – decline, degenerate, degrade, worsen.
  61. reckon (verb) – consider, regard, view.
  62. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  63. lose ground (phrase) – retreat or lose (a commanding position/advantage) to become less popular.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-2 The Hindu Editorial (A tortuous recovery) – Jan 04, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (A tortuous recovery) – Jan 04, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (A tortuous recovery) – Jan 04, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (A tortuous recovery) – Jan 04, 2021

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