The Hindu Editorial (A time to give) – Jun 22, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (A time to give) – Jun 22, 2021

The Centre’s stated position before the Supreme Court on paying a standard ex gratia compensation to families of those who died of COVID-19 shows poor appreciation of the fallout of an unprecedented disaster. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (A time to give) – Jun 22, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

The Hindu Editorial (A time to give) – Jun 22, 2021:

  1. ex gratia (adjective) – Latin, literally ‘from favour’. An ex gratia payment is one that is given as a favour or gift instead of legal obligation/liability.
  2. compensation (noun) – payment, repayment, settlement (for loss/damage). 
  3. breadwinner (noun) – the primary or sole income earner in a family.
  4. safety net (noun) – something which gives protection against misfortune or difficulty.
  5. stated (adjective) – clearly expressed/mentioned.
  6. appreciation (noun) – acknowledgement, recognition, realization, understanding (of a situation).
  7. fallout (noun) – adverse results/consequence; after-effects, repercussions.
  8. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  9. assert (verb) – declare, state, announce (confidently).
  10. fiscal (adjective) – financial.
  11. affordability (noun) – the capacity to afford the cost/price of something.
  12. provision (noun) – term, clause, requirement/condition.
  13. Disaster Management Act (noun) – the Disaster Management Act, 2005 The stated object and purpose of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 is to manage disasters (e.g. cyclone, earthquake & etc.), including preparation of mitigation strategies, capacity-building and more. To address the current epidemic outbreak, the Central government has included the Covid-19 outbreak as “Notified Disaster” as a “critical medical condition or pandemic situation”.
  14. externalise (verb) – to provide an external form to, attribute, assign.
  15. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  16. ongoing (adjective) – current, existing, continuing.
  17. aver (verb) – allege, claim, proclaim, assert, declare.
  18. put to something (phrasal verb) – allocate/give something to a particular purpose.
  19. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity, unavailability.
  20. legless (adjective) – incapable, befuddled/confused.
  21. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, take part in (an activity).
  22. Central Vista (noun) – it is a grand redevelopment project for building what will be the power corridor of India, having a new Parliament building, a common central secretariat, and revamped three-km-long Rajpath, from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to the India Gate.
  23. deploy (verb) – use, utilize, employ, make use of. 
  24. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  25. notified (adjective) – informed, advised, announced.
  26. seek (verb) – ask for, request; try to obtain.
  27. petitioner (noun) – supplicant, pleader, applicant, claimant.
  28. provision (noun) – supplying, providing, supply/delivery, furnishing, giving, allocation, distribution.
  29. infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure for something (to function properly).  
  30. considerably (adverb) – greatly, very much, a lot.
  31. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy-making, and research for disease and injury prevention.
  32. Economic Survey (noun) – Economic Survey, presented in the Parliament ahead of the Union Budget, is the Ministry of Finance’s flagship document. The Economic Survey detailed information about the Indian economy over the past year. The Economic Survey also offers glimpses into the current state of the economy, and occasional insights into the economic outlook. Although the Constitution does not bind (impose a legal obligation on) the government to present the Economic Survey, over the years, it has become common practice for every government to present the Economic Survey before the Union Budget.
  33. call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  34. public expenditure/spending or government expenditure/spending (noun) – money spent by the government.
  35. Gross domestic product (GDP) (noun) – a measure of economic activity in a country. It is the total value of a country’s annual output of goods and services.
  36. lend a hand (phrase) – assist, help, aid, support, back.
  37. a helping hand (phrase) – assistance, aid, support, succour.
  38. impoverished (adjective) – weakened, exhausted, drained, diminished, depleted; poor, poverty-stricken, penniless, destitute, needy.
  39. tie someone in knots (phrase) – to make oneself confused (when trying to make a decision).
  40. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  41. spell out (phrasal verb) – explain, make clear, elucidate/clarify.
  42. road map (noun) – plan/strategy to do something successfully.
  43. universal (adjective) – relating to all people, applicable to all; comprehensive, all-inclusive, all-round, across the board.
  44. raft (noun) – a large amount of something.
  45. credit (noun) – praise, commendation, acclaim, approval, acknowledgement, recognition.
  46. Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (or) Self-reliant India Mission (noun) – the special economic package totaling Rs 20 lakh crore by the Indian government to tide over the Covid-19 crisis and it would focus on land, labour, liquidity and laws. It would benefit labourers, farmers, honest tax payers, MSMEs and cottage industry. This economic package would be around the 10 per cent of India’s GDP.
  47. ameliorative (adjective) – beneficial, restorative, corrective, enhanced, reformed, revamped/improved.
  48. amount to (verb) – be equal to, be equivalent to, represent.
  49. above the line (phrase) – it refers to the income and expenses that a company incurs due to normal operations. It is also the gross margin that a business earns. Whereas, below the line is operating expenses, interest, and taxes.
  50. in terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  51. International Monetary Fund (IMF) (noun) – an international organization of 189 countries, headquartered in Washington, D.C., working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.
  52. household (noun) – family, house.
  53. mark (verb) – indicate, represent, signify.
  54. confining solution (noun) – a solution within certain limits.
  55. narrow (adjective) – limited, restricted, small, inadequate, insufficient, deficient.
  56. on someone’s case (phrase) – criticize someone frequently. 
  57. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  58. orphan (verb) – cause (a child) to become an orphan (a child who lost his/her parents).
  59. yield (noun) – profit, gain, return, dividend, proceeds.
  60. fend for oneself (verb) – take care of oneselfmanage by oneself, cope alone, get by without help.
  61. hesitate (verb) – be reluctant, be unwilling, be disinclined to do something; delay/pause in doing something.
  62. basket (noun) – a group of something (taxes, investments, commodities, etc.).
  63. rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, have recourse to.
  64. the wealthiest (noun) – the rich people.
  65. compensate (verb) – repay, reimburse (for loss/damage). 
  66. hit (verb) – be affected/impacted by.
  67. hard hit (phrase) – people/things that are severely affected.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (A time to give) – Jun 22, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (A time to give) – Jun 22, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (A time to give) – Jun 22, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (A time to give) – Jun 22, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (A time to give) – Jun 22, 2021

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