The Hindu Editorial (A perpetual war) – Jun 22, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (A perpetual war) – Jun 22, 2021

The dilemmas of ending the U.S.’s ‘forever war’ appeared to fall heavily upon the shoulders of President Joe Biden, who is now helming his country’s… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (A perpetual war) – Jun 22, 2021.

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The Hindu Editorial (A perpetual war) – Jun 22, 2021:

  1. perpetual (adjective) – constant, continuous, permanent, forever, ever-lasting.
  2. dilemma (noun) – quandary, predicament, difficulty.
  3. forever (adjective) – continuous, lasting, permanent.
  4. back (verb) – support, advocate, promote, uphold, champion.
  5. fall on (phrasal verb) – be the responsibility of.
  6. fall on someone’s shoulders (phrase) – to become the sole responsibility of someone. 
  7. helm (verb) – manage, administer, direct, control.
  8. rush (noun) – hurry, haste, run; a sudden strong demand/call.
  9. self-imposed (adjective) – something imposed on self (not by others).
  10. signal (verb) – indicate, show, express; denote, imply; announce.
  11. intention (noun) – aim, purpose, objective.
  12. engage with (verb) – to establish a meaningful relationship with someone.
  13. war-torn (adjective) – (of a place) devastated, ruined, wrecked (by war).
  14. in the first instance (phrase) – in the first place of, in the first stage of.
  15. High Council for National Reconciliation (HCNR) (noun) – This council was established in February 2020 to resolve a political deadlock on elections and put an end to an election rivalry in Afghanistan that lasted for five months between Dr. Abdullah Abdullah and President Ashraf Ghani.
  16. in a sense (phrase) – in a way, from a point of view.
  17. wind down (phrasal verb) – come to an end, draw to a close, wind up, close down.
  18. Doha Agreement (noun) – The Doha Agreement, more formally, “Agreement for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan between the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan which is not recognised by the US as a state and is known as the Taliban and the United States of America, 2020” was signed on the February 29 in Doha, Qatar. The deal was considered a historic step towards establishing peace in Afghanistan.
  19. intelligence (noun) – (of a person) employed in the collection of (military/political) information.
  20. outfit (noun) – group.
  21. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  22. ties (noun) – association, relationship; bond, connection.
  23. undiminished (adjective) – unabated, unmoderated, undiluted.
  24. on the ground (phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically.
  25. far from (phrase) – not, not at all.
  26. tepid (adjective) – unenthusiastic, uninterested, lukewarm.
  27. resistance (noun) – opposition, refusal, denial.
  28. Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) (noun) – it is also known as “The Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF)”. It consists of Afghan Armed Forces (Afghan National Army & Afghan Air Force), Afghan National Police, Afghan Local Police & National Directorate of Security (NDS).
  29. hold on to (phrasal verb) – keep or retain something.
  30. beg the question (phrase) – raise a point; invite question.
  31. vortex (noun) – Figuratively to refer confusion, disturbance, commotion; it usually means countercurrent, counter flow, whirlwind/eddy (circular movement). 
  32. haven (noun) – a place of safety, place of security, shelter.
  33. instability (noun) – uncertainty, unpredictability, precariousness.
  34. play host to (phrase) – to act/function as a host for something.
  35. influence (noun) – power, authority, sway, control, leverage, weight.
  36. spiral/spin out of control (phrase) – change/move in an uncontrolled way & quickly.
  37. close to home (phrase) – affect someone directly, usually in a way that makes him/her feel embarrassed, uncomfortable or upset.
  38. pervade (verb) – fill, spread through; be present throughout.
  39. South & North Block (noun) – South Block is a metonym of the Prime Minister’s Office. North Block is a metonym of the Ministry of Finance, India. (The Secretariat Building (consists North & South Block) or Central Secretariat is where the Cabinet Secretariat is housed, which administers the Government of India. The South Block houses the Prime Minister’s Office, Ministry of Defence, and the Ministry of External Affairs). The North Block primarily houses the Ministry of Finance and the Home Ministry). (Metonym is used as an alternative for something else with which it is closely related/associated).
  40. (aircraft) carrier (noun) – a warship that is equipped with a full-length flight deck for an aircraft to take off/land.
  41. lift off (phrasal verb) – take off.
  42. potentially (adverb) – likely, possibly, probably.
  43. a free hand (phrase) – licence, freedom, latitude, leeway, flexibility.
  44. extremist (noun) – fanatic, radical, militant.
  45. blowback (noun) – unexpected (bad & harmful) outcomes; negative consequences/results/reactions of an action or decision (particularly, of a political action).
  46. long-sighted (adjective) – far-sighted; having foresight.
  47. soft power (noun) – soft power is convincing & effective power deriving from attraction and imitation and be based on intangible (non-physical) resources such as culture, ideology, and institutions (Courtesy: E-International Relations (E-IR)).
  48. hard power (noun) – hard power is coercive power executed through military threats and economic incentives and based on tangible resources such as the army or economic strength.
  49. smart power (noun) – In international relations, the term smart power refers to the combination of hard power and soft power strategies.
  50. infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure or framework that a country or organization needs in order to function properly. For a whole nation, it includes all the physical systems such as buildings, roads & railways networks, utilities, etc.
  51. civil society (noun) – civil society refers to space for collective action around shared interests, purposes, and values, generally distinct from government and commercial for-profit actors.
  52. consistently (adverb) – always, each time, invariably.
  53. leeway (noun) – freedom, scope/flexibility, latitude/elbow room.
  54. territory (noun) – sphere, arena, domain.
  55. strategic (adjective) – relating to achieving long-term or overall goals.
  56. grip (noun) – control, power, hold.
  57. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  58. prospect (noun) – possibility, chance, probability, likelihood.
  59. fragmentation (noun) – breaking, separation, disintegration.
  60. likely (adverb) – probably, in all probability, presumably, doubtlessly.
  61. forge (verb) – form, create, establish, set up.
  62. powerbroker (noun) – an influential/powerful person.
  63. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  64. tenor (noun) – the general content/meaning.
  65. semi-autonomous (adjective) – self-government to some degree/extent/level.
  66. executive (adjective) – administrative, decision-making, directorial, controlling.
  67. framework (noun) – structure, system.

Note:

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (A perpetual war) – Jun 22, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (A perpetual war) – Jun 22, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (A perpetual war) – Jun 22, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (A perpetual war) – Jun 22, 2021

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