The Hindu Editorial (A constant vigil) – Jan 01, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (A constant vigil) – Jan 01, 2021

In less than a month, it will be a year since India confirmed its first SARS-CoV-2 case in Kerala. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (A constant vigil) – Jan 01, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (A constant vigil) – Jan 01, 2021:

  1. constant (adjective) – continuous, persistent, round-the-clock.
  2. vigil (noun) – vigilance, surveillance, close watch, monitoring.
  3. coronavirus (CoV) (noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  4. strain (noun) – variety, kind, type; variant, mutant.
  5. build up (phrasal verb) – strengthen, increase/raise, intensify, enhance.
  6. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  7. infinitely (adverb) – to a very great degree/extent; immensely.
  8. in terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  9. candidate vaccine or vaccine candidate (noun) – a “potential” vaccine prepared in the research and development (R&D) centres and it can be used in human clinical trials.
  10. kaleidoscopic (adjective) – multifaceted; diverse, many, numerous, various.
  11. expose (verb) – be subjected to something (infectious agents & others).
  12. variant (noun) – different or form or version or mutant of something (virus).
  13. put back (phrasal verb) – replace, return to its place.
  14. learning curve (noun) – it shows that if a person performs similar task again and again, then after a period of time there will be an improvement in his/her performance; the rate at which you learn something.
  15. SARS-CoV-2 VUI-202012/01 or the “U.K. strain” (noun) – On 14 December 2020, authorities of the United Kingdom (UK) reported to WHO that a new SARS-CoV-2 variant was identified through viral genomic sequencing. This variant is referred to as SARS-CoV-2 VUI 202012/01 (Variant Under Investigation, year 2020, month 12, variant 01). It has 23 mutations in all.
  16. spike (noun) – a sharp rise/increase of something.
  17. consortium (noun) – association, alliance, union, partnership. Consortia is a plural form of consortium.
  18. COVID-19 Genomics UK (COG-UK) consortium (noun) – The (COG-UK) consortium has been created to deliver large-scale and rapid whole-genome virus sequencing to local publicly-funded healthcare centres (National Health Service, NHS) and the UK government.
  19. periodically (adverb) – at regular intervals.
  20. sequence (verb) – determine the complete order of compounds/building blocks (nucleotides) of nucleic acids, such as RNA or DNA.
  21. genome (noun) – the genetic material (a complete set of DNA, including all of its genes) of an organism. The sum total of the genetic material of a cell or an organism.
  22. genome sequence (noun) – a process that determines the order, or sequence, of the DNA (nucleotides i.e., A, C, G and U) in each of the genes present in the virus’s genome.
  23. mutation (noun) – a significant and basic “alteration/variation” in the DNA sequence.
  24. compromised (adjective) – undermined, weakened, damaged.
  25. mortality (noun) – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate/number of death.
  26. toll (noun) – number, count, sum total (of deaths/casualties).
  27. wake up to (phrasal verb) – realize, become aware of, become heedful of.
  28. circulation (noun) – spreading, transmission.
  29. train (verb) – aim, point, direct.
  30. carrier (noun) – an aircraft carrier.
  31. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  32. explosion (noun) – surge, outburst, flare-up, outbreak, eruption.
  33. figure out (phrasal verb) – understand, comprehend, work out, find an answer/solution to.
  34. RT-PCR testing (noun) – Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) Testing; it is one of the most accurate laboratory methods for detecting, tracking, and studying the coronavirus. It is a nuclear-derived method for detecting the presence of specific genetic material from any pathogen, including a virus. (pathogen is a bacteria/virus that causes disease).
  35. paraphernalia (noun) – equipment, tools, materials, accessories.
  36. grapple with (verb) – tackle, confront, deal with, cope with.
  37. beast (noun) – unpleasant thing.
  38. genomics (noun) – an interdisciplinary field of biology focusing on the structure, function, evolution, mapping, and editing of genomes. A genome is an organism’s complete set of DNA, including all of its genes.
  39. surveillance (noun) – close observation, scrutiny, monitoring (of the occurrence of a virus outbreak).
  40. personnel (noun) – staff, employees, workforce.
  41. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  42. rollout (noun) – official launch/introduction.
  43. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  44. scale (noun) – extent, size, magnitude.
  45. evade (verb) – avoid, dodge, elude, escape.
  46. immune (adjective) – resistant (from the effects of something).
  47. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) (noun) – the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a bloodborne virus, causes a liver disease (Hepatitis B). It can cause chronic infection and puts people at high risk of death from cirrhosis and liver cancer. Hepatitis B is considerably more common and causes more liver-related cancer and death worldwide than hepatitis C. The hepatitis B virus is also approximately 5-10 times more infectious than hepatitis C, and far more stable.
  48. shore up (phrasal verb) – support, assist, prop up.
  49. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-2 The Hindu Editorial (A constant vigil) – Jan 01, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (A constant vigil) – Jan 01, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (A constant vigil) – Jan 01, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (A constant vigil) – Jan 01, 2021

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