Managing an election – The Hindu Apr 18, 2018

Managing an election – The Hindu Apr 18, 2018

While the major contenders on the political scene in Karnataka — the Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and the Janata Dal (Secular) or JD(S) — are yet to release their manifestos, the….. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1:

  1. one-upmanship (noun) – the art or practice of successively outdoing (do better than) a competitor.
  2. manifesto (noun) – policy statement.
  3. up their sleeve (phrase) – keep secret tactics (strategical plan) to be used when required.
  4. reinforce (verb) – strengthen, support, boost.
  5. endorsement (noun) – support, backing, approval.
  6. sophistry (noun) – trickery, deception, clever (but false) argument.
  7. garner (verb) – gather, collect, accumulate.
  8. upright (adjective) – honest, ethical, high-principled.
  9. bounty (noun) – subsidy, favour/grant, benefaction.
  10. astute (adjective) – intelligent, clever, smart.
  11. reconnaissance (noun) – examination, preliminary survey, research/probe.
  12. hold a mirror up to (phrase) – (figurative meaning) examine (the nature of something more closely).
  13. prostrate (verb) – lying down on the ground (as a sign of worship).
  14. revered (adjective) – respected, admired, esteemed.
  15. ill at ease (phrase) – uneasy, uncomfortable, self-conscious.
  16. call on (phrasal verb) – visit, pay a visit to, go and see.
  17. win over (phrasal verb)- persuade, convince, induce.
  18. hoarse (adjective) – rough, harsh, husky.
  19. attune to (verb ) – accustom, adjust, adapt.
  20. sterner (adjective) – strict, stringent, hard/tough.
  21. patriarchal (adjective) – cultures or societies that are controlled by men.
  22. take the bait (phrase) – to be trapped by a temptation to do something bad/untrustworthy.
  23. plebeian (noun) – of or belonging to the common people.
  24. at variance (phrase) – inconsistent, conflicting, contrary.
  25. rhetoric (noun) – heroics, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  26. creeping (adjective) – (of a negative manner) occurring, developing gradually.
  27. authoritarianism (noun) – autocracy, absolutism, totalitarianism/draconianism. 
  28. vis-a-vis (preposition) – in relation to, with regard to.
  29. religiosity (noun) – strong religious belief.
  30. agrarian (adjective) – relating to cultivating/farming.
  31. make headway (phrase) – make progress, make strides, gain ground.
  32. grapple with (phrasal verb) – tackle, face, attend to.
  33. disparity (noun) – discrepancy, inconsistency, imbalance/inequality.
  34. deprivation (noun) – poverty, hardship, (financial) distress.
  35. vicious (adjective) – serious, dangerous, dreadful.
  36. patron-client relationship (noun) – a mutually obligatory arrangement between an individual who has authority, social status, wealth, or some other personal resource (the patron) and another person who benefits from his or her support or influence (the client).
  37. tutelage (noun) – guardianship, protection, guidance.
  38. pervasive (adjective) – extensive, common, widespread.
  39. take root (phrase) – become established.
  40. notional (adjective) – theoretical, conceptual, abstract.
  41. fashion (verb) – construct, build, make/create.
  42. pluralism (noun) – (of people) the practice exist in harmony irrespective of various differences.
  43. encompass (verb) – include, subsume, incorporate.
  44. linguistic (adjective) – relating to language.
  45. hinterland (noun) – remote areas of a country away from the coastal areas/the banks of major rivers.
  46. umpteen (cardinal number) – countless, numerous, innumerable.
  47. far off (adjective) – remote, far away, out of the way.
  48. crunching numbers (noun) – activity concerned with numbers (calculation) in bringing a numerical perspective to a situation.
  49. invincibility (noun) – unbeatable & powerful quality.

Managing an election – The Hindu Apr 18, 2018 - Editorialwords Managing an election – The Hindu Apr 18, 2018 - Editorialwords

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