The Hindu Lead Article (Youth can be a clear advantage for India) – Feb 24, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Youth can be a clear advantage for India) – Feb 24, 2020

India’s population is among the youngest in an ageing world. By 2022, the median age in India will be 28 years;… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Youth can be a clear advantage for India) – Feb 24, 2020.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Youth can be a clear advantage for India) – Feb 24, 2020:

  1. demographic (adjective) – the statistical study/structure of populations, especially human beings.
  2. leverage (verb) – use, make use of, utilize (to maximum gain).
  3. ageing (adjective) – relating to the process of becoming old; growing old.
  4. outstrip (verb) – surpass, exceed, better/beat.
  5. demographic dividend (noun) – it is defined as a boost in economic productivity that occurs when there are growing numbers of people in the workforce relative to the number of dependents (or) it is the accelerated development that can arise when a population has a relatively large proportion of working-age people coupled with effective human capital investment. A term used to describe the period when a greater proportion of the population of a country is young and in the working age-group. It indicates increase in growth as a result of higher proportion of working age people in the total population of a country.
  6. caveat (noun) – warning, caution, condition.
  7. heterogeneity (noun) – the state/quality of consisting of diverse elements.
  8. window (noun) – opportunity, chance, opening.
  9. cohort (noun) – group, generation, category/section.
  10. harness (verb) – put to use, utilize/exploit, make use of.
  11. employability (noun) – a person’s capability for gaining and maintaining employment.
  12. vocational (adjective) – relating to job or work & its related skills.
  13. demographic shift/transition (noun) – a phenomenon and theory which refers to the historical shift from high birth rates and high infant death rates in societies with minimal technology, education (especially of women) and economic development, to low birth rates and low death rates in societies with advanced technology, education and economic development, as well as the stages between these two scenarios.
  14. demography (noun) – the statistical study/structure of populations, especially human beings.
  15. destiny (noun) – fate, fortune, doom, future.
  16. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group. agreement, concurrence.
  17. underlying (adjective) – fundamental, basic, primary.
  18. economic potential (noun) – the potential of a region, nation, or corporation for economic development and growth and creation of surplus value.
  19. bulge (verb) – enlarge, expand; stand out, be prominent.
  20. legacy (noun) – footprint, effect/outcome (something received from a predecessor or from the past).
  21. keep pace with (phrase) – progress at the same speed as.
  22. workforce (noun) – employees, staff, personnel.
  23. on track (phrase) – on course, on target, on schedule/time.
  24. turn into (phrasal verb) – transform into; cause to become (a particular kind of thing).
  25. demographic disaster (noun) – A term used to describe the period when a greater proportion of the population of a country is old and in the non-working  age-group. It indicates decrease in growth as a result of higher proportion of non-working age people in the total population of a country.
  26. undermine (verb) – reduce, spoil, damage.
  27. harmony (noun) – accord, unity, compatibility.
  28. malnutrition (noun) – undernourishment, undernutrition, poor/unhealthy/inadequate diet.
  29. scarcity (noun) – shortage, dearth/lack, rarity.
  30. knowledge economy (noun) – the use of knowledge to create goods and services. In particular, it refers to a high portion of skilled workers in the economy of a locality, country, or the world, and the idea that most jobs require specialized skills.
  31. leave behind (phrasal verb) – to abandon.
  32. meticulous (adjective) – careful, diligent, thorough/scrupulous.
  33. equity (noun) – justice, impartiality, fair play.
  34. gender parity (noun) – gender equality; It is the view that everyone should receive equal treatment and not be discriminated against based on their gender.
  35. propel (verb) – spur/impel, drive, prompt/force.
  36. incentive structure (noun) – the cumulative set of promised rewards and/or punishments that encourage members to make a set of decisions. It describes the method that the members receive rewards for the quality of their decisions.
  37. prompt (verb) – give rise to, bring about, cause, trigger.
  38. yield (verb) – give, provide, produce.
  39. accomplish (verb) – achieve, complete, fulfil.
  40. in line with (phrase) – in accordance with, in alignment with.
  41. trump (verb) – outshine, outclass, outperform.
  42. curriculum (noun) – syllabus, course of studies, subjects. (curricula is the plural form of curriculum).
  43. systematically (adverb) – methodically.
  44. tyranny (noun) – absolute power, autocracy, dictatorship.
  45. deploy (verb) – employ (resources).
  46. put in place (phrase) – initiate, usher in, bring in.
  47. literacy (noun) – the ability to read and write.
  48. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, complete, full.
  49. prospects (noun) – chances, potential, future.
  50. vis-a-vis (preposition) – in relation to, with regard to.
  51. contemporary (adjective) – modern, present-day, current, present-time.
  52. mushroom (verb) – increase, burgeon, grow/develop rapidly.
  53. worth one’s while (phrase) – worthwhile, valuable, beneficial.
  54. deferred compensation/bonus (noun) – a portion of an employee’s compensation/bonus that is set aside to be paid at a later date.
  55. dividend (noun) – benefit, advantage, gain.
  56. alarming (adjective) – worrying, disturbing, shocking/distressing.
  57. private consumption or consumption expenditure (noun) – the spending by households (consumers) on goods and services, excluding new housing.
  58. prolong (verb) – extend, drag out, protract.
  59. jeopardise (verb) – put at risk, put in danger, threaten.
  60. restore (verb) – reinstate, renew, revive.
  61. ailing (adjective) – poor, in poor condition, weak, flawed.
  62. mojo (noun) – spell, influence, magic formula/power.
  63. scarce (adjective) – rare, insufficient, deficient.
  64. deep-rooted (adjective) – well established, long-lasting, basic.
  65. downturn (noun) – decline, setback, blow/upset (in economic activity).
  66. avail oneself of (phrasal verb) – use, make use of, take advantage of, utilize. 
  67. lay emphasis on (phrase) – to put particular emphasis on some topic.
  68. tertiary care (noun) – highly specialized medical care.
  69. diagnostic (adjective) – relating to the diagnostics (identification) of a disease/other problems.
  70. per capita (adverb & adjective) – per person, for each, individually.
  71. infirmity (noun) – weakness, feebleness; unsteadiness, instability.
  72. boon (noun) – benefit, advantage, gain.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Youth can be a clear advantage for India) – Feb 24, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Youth can be a clear advantage for India) – Feb 24, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Youth can be a clear advantage for India) – Feb 24, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Youth can be a clear advantage for India) – Feb 24, 2020

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