The Hindu Lead Article (Why less may be more for India and China) – Apr 15, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Why less may be more for India and China) – Apr 15, 2021

“Lower the expectations” might not seem a very ambitious prescription for the immediate future of India’s troubled relations with China. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Why less may be more for India and China) – Apr 15, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Why less may be more for India and China) – Apr 15, 2021:

  1. shared interest (noun) – mutual benefit.
  2. amply (adverb) – sufficiently, satisfactorily, (more than) enough.
  3. rewarding (adjective) – advantageous, productive, beneficial, worthwhile.
  4. ambitious (adjective) – formidable, challenging, demanding.
  5. prescription (noun) – (authoritative) recommendation, method, measure.
  6. tonic (noun) – boost, stimulant, fillip.
  7. the way forward (phrase) – something (a plan/action) that leads to success in the future.
  8. seek (verb) – try to find, attempt.
  9. equilibrium (noun) – balance, stability,  level-headedness.
  10. rupture (noun) – riftdivision, break-up, split.
  11. Track-II dialogue/diplomacy (noun) – (unofficial) backchannel dialogue/diplomacy. (dialogues and exchanges between influential non-governmental actors). (actor means a participant in an action).
  12. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  13. ambassador (noun) – envoy, diplomat, consul.
  14. Ananta Aspen Centre (noun) – it is a non-profit organization dedicated to in-depth discussions of global issues, high-level exchange of opinions, information and values with the intent to develop values based leadership at all levels. It is a non-partisan and not-for-profit organization that focuses on values-based leadership development and open dialogue on important issues facing Indian society, to help foster its transformation.
  15. China Reform Forum (CRF) (noun) – It is an academic research institution subordinating to Party School of the Central Committee of C.P.C (National Academy of Governance), is committed to organizing domestic and overseas well-known experts and scholars for studies and exchanges about hot topics and difficulties existing in the process of China’s reform and opening-up, providing policy suggestions for relevant government departments from the perspective of national strategy.
  16. The Central Party School (or) The Party School of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (noun) – It is the higher education institution (in Beijing) which specifically trains cadres of the Chinese Communist Party.
  17. hamper (verb) – hinder, obstruct, impede.
  18. chequered (adjective) – varied, mixed, eventful.
  19. rife (adjective) – widespread, general, common, extensive, ubiquitous.
  20. misplaced (adjective) – misguided, misconceived, ill-advised, ill-considered, ill-judged.
  21. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  22. recurring (adjective) – happening repeatedly; reappearing/reoccurring.
  23. veer (verb) – change, deviate, diverge.
  24. idealised (adjective) – considered as perfect (notionally, not practically).
  25. notion (noun) – idea, belief, opinion, view, conception, conviction.
  26. pan- (combining form) – all inclusive of, all, of everything.
  27. civilisational (adjective) – relating to civilisation (culture, customs, way of life).
  28. confrontation (noun) – clash, conflict, fight.
  29. vintage (adjective) – high-quality, superior, best; classic, ageless.
  30. summit (noun) – meeting, conference, conclave (international meeting/conference of heads of state/government).
  31. promising (adjective) – encouraging, favourable, hopeful, optimistic, positive, heartening, reassuring.
  32. ties (noun) – bond, connection, association, relationship.
  33. turn out (phrasal verb) – happen, develop, end (in a specific way).
  34. false dawn (noun) – a hopeful situation/condition to have no successful result in the end.
  35. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  36. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  37. self-interest (noun) – self-seeking, self-regard, self-obsession, selfishness, own advantage.
  38. lofty (adjective) – tall, high, towering.
  39. core (noun) – central, key, main part.
  40. multilateral (adjective) – involving many different countries/parties/organizations.
  41. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement.
  42. front (noun) – an area of operation; a particular situation.
  43. set one’s sights on (phrase) – aspire to, aim for, strive for, hope for, work towards.
  44. end up (phrasal verb) – come/appear, find oneself (to a particular course of action in the end).
  45. pay dividends (phrase) – to cause good results; to bring an advantage.
  46. mark (verb) – indicate, represent, signify.
  47. de-escalation (noun) – reduction, lessening, decrease (the intensity of a potentially violent situation).
  48. optimism (noun) – hopefulness, hope, confidence, positive attitude, buoyancy.
  49. disengagement (noun) – withdrawal, departure, retreat (of military troops from an area of conflict).
  50. thorny (adjective) – problematic, tricky, delicate, controversial.
  51. give way to (phrasal verb) – be replaced by, be superseded by, be supplanted by; yield, give in, submit, surrender.
  52. apparent (adjective) – evident/clear, visible, noticeable, recognizable.
  53. stalemate (noun) – deadlock, impasse, standstill/stand-off.
  54. readout (noun) – an official statement summing up the main points of a meeting/phone call between two leaders.
  55. Corps (noun) – it literally means army body”; The corps is treated as an operational unit of employment by the Army and can be comprised of 20,000-45,000 soldiers. It is sometimes known as a field corps, which consists of two or more divisions. It is commanded by the Corps Commander, who holds the rank of Lieutenant General. “Corps” was first introduced in France about 1805 by Napoleon as a more flexible tactical grouping of two or more divisions. 
  56. unsurprisingly (adverb) – as expected.
  57. People’s Liberation Army (PLA) (noun) – People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the country of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is one of the largest military forces in the world.
  58. mobilisation (noun) – the act of bringing forces/people/resources together for a particular cause.
  59. Line of Actual Control (LAC) (noun) – the de-facto (effective) border between India and China. The LAC is a 4,057-km border running through three areas-Western (Ladakh, Ladakh (Kashmir)), middle (Uttarakhand, Himachal), and eastern (Sikkim, Arunachal).
  60. hammer (adjective) – heavy, hard, forceful.
  61. blow (noun) – shock, surprise; setback/misfortune.
  62. hammer blow (noun) – sudden shock; heavy damage.
  63. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  64. deployment (noun) – the bringing of resources into effective action.
  65. tactical (adjective) – calculated, strategic, diplomatic.
  66. push back (phrasal verb) – force back, repel, fight off; refuse, reject, prevent.
  67. stealth (adjective) – furtiveness, secretiveness, clandestineness, covertness.
  68. subsequently (adverb) – afterwards, later on, in due course.
  69. backfire (verb) – rebound/boomerang, come back, have an adverse effect.
  70. strategic (adjective) – relating to achieving long-term or overall goals.
  71. wiser comparative adjective of wise (adjective) – well advised, well thought out, well judged, rational, logical.
  72. make clear (phrase) – explain, clarify, elucidate.
  73. appetite (noun) – longing, yearning, strong desire/liking.
  74. prolonged (adjective) – lengthy, extended, protracted, unending, unrelenting.
  75. uncertainty (noun) – unpredictability, unreliability, riskiness/precariousness.
  76. necessarily (adverb) – inevitably, certainly, surely, undoubtedly.
  77. destine (for) (verb) – intend for (a particular thing/cause).
  78. shattered (adjective) – distressed, fraught, devastated.
  79. likelihood (noun) – probability, chance, possibility.
  80. stall (verb) – obstruct, block, interrupt, stop, halt, restrict.
  81. arrive at (verb) – attain, reach, gain, accomplish.
  82. patrol (noun) – vigil, guard, watch, monitoring.
  83. cool down (phrasal verb) – reduce, lessen, decrease.
  84. temperature (noun) – the degree of tension in a confrontation/conflict.
  85. remarkably (adverb) – strikingly, exceptionally, incredibly.
  86. all-out (adjective) – intense, aggressive, vigorous, powerful.
  87. courtship (noun) – affair, romance, engagement, keeping company.
  88. China Inc. (noun) – Chinese companies.
  89. Inc. (abbreviation) – incorporated.
  90. decouple (verb) – separate, detach, disengage, dissociate.
  91. decoupling (noun) – separation, detachment, disengagement, dissociation.
  92. rope in (phrasal verb) – persuade, convince, urge (someone to take part in an activity).
  93. premature (adjective) – untimely, early, too soon/too early; ill-timed, hasty.
  94. in light of (phrase) – taking into consideration, considering, bearing in mind, in view of.
  95. (iron) ore (noun) – rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted.
  96. rebounding (adjective) – recovering, rallying, picking up.
  97. jettison (verb) – discard, throw out, abandon.
  98. prudent (adjective) – wise, sensible, careful/ far-sighted.
  99. clear-headed (adjective) – sensible, well adjusted, reasonable, logical.
  100. all-of-government (adjective) – relating to an approach by unified effort between government agencies/ministries.
  101. infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure for something (to function properly).  
  102. implications (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  103. renewable energy (noun) – clean energy, green energy; energy generated from natural resources (such as water, wind & solar energy).
  104. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  105. tread with (verb) – go with; walk, step.
  106. roll-out (noun) – official launch/introduction.
  107. prism (noun) – a viewpoint that clarifies/distorts something.
  108. abiding (adjective) – enduring, lasting, persisting, unending.
  109. hit out at (phrasal verb) – criticize, attack, denounce, lash out at, condemn, censure.
  110. speak to (verb) – indicate, show, display, demonstrate, reveal.
  111. shorthand (noun) – a short and simple way of expressing something.
  112. Quad/Quadrilateral (noun) – The ‘Quadrilateral’ is described as four democracies (the United States, Japan, Australia and India) with a shared objective to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region.
  113. grouse (noun) – complaint, grumble, objection.
  114. keep out (phrasal verb) – exclude.
  115. serve (verb) – act as.
  116. red line (noun) – boundary, limit.
  117. BRICS countries (plural noun) – the acronym coined to associate five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. The BRICS members are known for their significant influence on regional affairs.
  118. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  119. come up with (phrasal verb) – produce, put forward, present/submit.
  120. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  121. revive (verb) – reintroduce, restore, revitalize, renew, bring back.
  122. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  123. take off (phrasal verb) – work out, succeed, do well, become popular, progress, prosper.
  124. chart (verb) – outline, describe, detail.
  125. course (noun) – plan of action, course of action, method of working, procedure.
  126. back to the drawing board (phrase) – used to point out that a new idea/plan has to be formed as the old one is not working well.
  127. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Why less may be more for India and China) – Apr 15, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Why less may be more for India and China) – Apr 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Why less may be more for India and China) – Apr 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Why less may be more for India and China) – Apr 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Why less may be more for India and China) – Apr 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Why less may be more for India and China) – Apr 15, 2021

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