The Hindu Lead Article (Trump’s march and the Sanders factor) – Feb 13, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Trump’s march and the Sanders factor) – Feb 13, 2020

For approximately half the U.S. electorate, a nightmare that began with the unlikely election of Donald Trump to the presidency,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Trump’s march and the Sanders factor) – Feb 13, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Trump’s march and the Sanders factor) – Feb 13, 2020:

  1. march (noun) – (steady & inevitable) progress, advance, development, headway.
  2. tenure (noun) – incumbency, term of office, period in office.
  3. baggage (noun) – beliefs, feelings, circumstances (which affect someone the way he/she behaves) .
  4. exceptionalism (noun) – the state of being special, exceptional or unique.
  5. american exceptionalism (noun) – it is historically referred to as the belief that the United States differs qualitatively from other developed nations because of its national credo (a set of beliefs), historical evolution, or distinctive political and religious institutions.
  6. electorate (noun) – all the people who entitled to vote in an election.
  7. nightmare (noun) – very unpleasant or frightening experience; ordeal, horror, torment.
  8. unlikely (adjective) – questionable, unconvincing; doubtful, unexpected.
  9. venality (noun) – corruptible state/condition; a state/condition of being vulnerable to be corrupt/bribery/grafting.
  10. incompetence (noun) – inability, incapability, ineptitude, lack of skill/ability.
  11. give way to (phrasal verb) – be replaced by, be superseded by; give in, submit, surrender.
  12. diminution (noun) – curtailment, decline, restriction, limitation.
  13. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  14. abortive (adjective) – failed/unsuccessful, undeveloped, incomplete.
  15. impeach (verb) – charge or accuse/indict (a public official) with a crime done while in office.
  16. underline (verb) – emphasize, highlight, underscore.
  17. eruption (noun) – outflow/release, outbreak, flare up (of something like emotion).
  18. outrageous (adjective) – shocking, disgraceful, appalling/disgusting.
  19. scandal (noun) – impropriety, misconduct, wrongdoing.
  20. brazen (adjective) – bold and shameless; unashamed, unabashed.
  21. scorched-earth (adjective) – relating to a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy when retreating from a position.
  22. scenario (noun) – course of events, situation.
  23. allegiance (noun) – loyalty, faithfulness, devotion.
  24. seemingly (adverb) – apparently, on the face of it, evidently.
  25. hyperbolic (adjective) – amplified, overemphasized, overstated.
  26. front (noun) – a particular situation; an area of operation.
  27. patriotic (adjective) – nationalistic, loyalist, loyal.
  28. beacon (noun) – guiding light; a source of inspiration.
  29. unvested (adjective) – not vested; not fixed/placed/laid/given.
  30. hierarchy (noun) – ranking, grading; class system.
  31. signify (verb) – indicate, suggest, signal.
  32. bigoted (adjective) – biased, partial, sectarian.
  33. climate change (noun) – a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth (Courtesy: NASA).
  34. barker (noun) – also carnival barker; a person who attempts to attract customers to entertainment events, such as a circus or show.  The barker will stand outside the show/event and encourage passer-by (public) to buy a ticket by announcing attractions of show, and emphasizing variety, novelty, beauty, or some other enticing feature of the show.
  35. pelf (noun) – (money (gained in a dishonest way).
  36. bloc (noun) – alliance, association, union.
  37. impervious to (adjective) – unaffected by, invulnerable to, resistant/unresponsive to.
  38. primary (noun) – (in the US) an election in which members of the same political party run against each other for the chance to be in a larger and more important election, especially presidential election.
  39. caucus (noun) – (in the US) a party-organized gathering of members to discuss their presidential preferences, elect local party leadership and discuss issues that make up the party’s platform. A closed meeting of supporters or members of a specific political party or movement. It is also defined as hours-long voting meeting run by a political party.
  40. arcane (adjective) – mysterious, secret, hidden/concealed.
  41. pull clear of the pack (phrase) – to get ahead of the line; lead the pack.
  42. run on (phrasal verb) – be focused on, revolve around, centre around, be concerned with.
  43. explicitly (adverb) – clearly, unequivocally, without any doubt.
  44. racial (adjective) – ethnic, cultural, national, tribal.
  45. bereft of (adjective) – deprived of/stripped of; lacking, deficient in.
  46. in the face of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of; when confronted with.
  47. global warming (noun) – it is the unusually rapid increase in Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released as people burn fossil fuels.
  48. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  49. polarisation (noun) – separation of two contrasting groups (based on different opinions/beliefs).
  50. Socialism (noun) – it can be defined as “a system of social organization in which private property and the distribution of income are subject to social control”. In other words, it’s a state-controlled economy in which the state controls the means of production: factories, offices, resources, and firms. There are also forms of socialism in which the means of production are controlled and owned by workers.
  51. vaguely (adverb) – roughly, indeterminately, nearly.
  52. anathema (noun) – a curse; bane, evil.
  53. evoke (verb) – invoke, give rise to, bring forth, bring to mind.
  54. incredulity (noun) – disbelief, doubt, mistrust, suspicion.
  55. irrationality (noun) – illogicality, stupidity/absurdity, pointlessness.
  56. outperform (verb) – be better than.
  57. incomparably (adverb) – infinitely, immeasurably, far and away.
  58. subsidise (verb) – support, contribute to, make a contribution to, capitalize.
  59. mainstream (adjective) – accepted/established/recognized something by most people as a normal/conventional.
  60. conviction (noun) – belief, opinion, view, thought.
  61. perplex (verb) – puzzle, confuse, bewilder, confound.
  62. pundit (noun) – expert, authority, adviser.
  63. prospects (noun) – chances, potential, future.
  64. carceral (adjective) – relating to a prison.
  65. overwhelming (adjective) – massive/huge, sweeping/decisive, absolute.
  66. vitiate (verb) – spoil, impair, destroy.
  67. deindustrialise (verb) – decrease industrial activity in a particular area.
  68. hispanic (adjective) – a Spanish-speaking person from Central or South America who lives in the US.
  69. alleged (adjective) – supposed, claimed, professed/purported.
  70. bipartisan (adjective) – involving cooperation between two (opposite & big)  political parties.
  71. fiercely (adverb) – severely, aggressively/extremely.
  72. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold.
  73. relentless (adjective) – persistent, continuing, steady/intense.
  74. pursuit (noun) – aspiration, quest, search.
  75. euphemism (noun) – polite/indirect term; a mild or pleasant word or phrase that is used instead of one that is unpleasant or offensive.
  76. instinct (noun) – natural tendency, urge/desire, compulsion.
  77. taint (verb) – tarnish, damage, spoil, ruin, vitiate.
  78. instrumental (adjective) – helpful, useful, influential.
  79. notorious (adjective) – infamous, ill-famed, with a bad reputation.
  80. stop-and-frisk (noun) – an NYPD policy wherein police will detain and question pedestrians, and potentially search them, if they have a “reasonable suspicion” that the pedestrian in question “committed, is committing, or is about to commit a felony(crime) or a Penal Law misdemeanor”. (Courtesy: The Washington Post).
  81. profile (verb) – describe, outline, characterize/depict/portray.
  82. disproportionate (adjective) – inordinate, unreasonable, excessive.
  83. trivial (adjective) – unimportant, insignificant, inconsiderable.
  84. petty (adjective) – small/trivial, unimportant, insignificant.
  85. racialised (adjective) – categorized, divided (according to race).
  86. unrepentant (adjective) – showing no regret/feeling for something done wrongly; unremorseful, unapologetic, unashamed.
  87. susceptible (adjective) – subject to, inclined to, predisposed to, easily affected by.
  88. dog-whistle politics (noun) – political messaging employing coded language that appears to mean one thing to the general population but has an additional, different or more specific resonance for a targeted subgroup.
  89. unapologetically (adverb) – unwillingness to express regret or apology.
  90. white supremacist (noun) – a supporter who believes white people are inherently superior to other races.
  91. ersatz (noun) – (German) imaginary, unreal, pretended.
  92. oversee (verb) – supervise, administer, manage.
  93. radiate (verb) – display, show, exhibit, demonstrate.
  94. complement (noun) – companion, addition, supplement (to make something perfect).
  95. trump card (noun) – valuable resource used as a surprise in order to gain an advantage.
  96. incumbency (noun) – rule, period in office, reign/occupancy.
  97. war chest (noun) – funds, money, reserve (for conducting a campaign).
  98. right-wing (adjective) – conservative, rightist, alt-right.
  99. manipulate (verb) – misrepresent, falsify, distort.
  100. dispiriting (adjective) – disheartening, discouraging, demoralizing.
  101. alienated (adjective) – isolated, estranged.
  102. fold (noun) – group, community.
  103. unseat (verb) – bring down, dislodge, dismiss, oust.
  104. point in time (phrase) – a particular moment.
  105. best bet (phrase) – reliable and successful idea or course of action.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Trump’s march and the Sanders factor) – Feb 13, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Trump’s march and the Sanders factor) – Feb 13, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Trump’s march and the Sanders factor) – Feb 13, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Trump’s march and the Sanders factor) – Feb 13, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Trump’s march and the Sanders factor) – Feb 13, 2020

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