The Hindu Lead Article (Troubling prospects in Afghanistan) – Jul 09, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Troubling prospects in Afghanistan) – Jul 09, 2021

Last week, on Friday, the United States handed over the Bagram airbase to the Afghan authorities, marking a symbolic end to its military presence, as U.S. forces complete their withdrawal… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Troubling prospects in Afghanistan) – Jul 09, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Troubling prospects in Afghanistan) – Jul 09, 2021:

  1. prospects (noun) – chances, possibilities, expectations, outlook, future.
  2. withdrawal (noun) – retreat, departure, ending, disengagement.
  3. take hold (phrase) – begin to have an effect.
  4. dynamics (noun) – basic/fundamental cause or force that triggers change within a system.
  5. airbase (noun) – a military airport.
  6. authorities (noun) – the government, the establishment, the bureaucracy, the system/regime.
  7. air (noun) – appearance, look, impression.
  8. uncertainty (noun) – unpredictability, unreliability, riskiness/precariousness.
  9. ponder (verb) – think about, consider, contemplate, review, reflect on.
  10. ravage (verb) – devastate, ruin, destroy, wreak havoc on, damage.
  11. neighbour (noun) – a country that is next to another country; (bordering) country.
  12. face (with) (verb) – beset, worry, distress, trouble, bother, confront, burden.
  13. persuade (verb) – convince, assure, make certain.
  14. overplay one’s hand (phrase) – used to emphasize that someone’s overconfidence in his/her ability or position will spoil his/her chance of success.
  15. costly (adverb) – awful, terrible, damaging, disastrous.
  16. misadventure (noun) – misfortune; problem/difficulty, mishap/setback.
  17. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  18. embroil (verb) – involve, entangle, ensnare, mire.
  19. negotiate (verb) – discuss terms, hold talks, discuss a settlement, try to reach a compromise.
  20. entity (noun) – organization, body, institution, establishment.
  21. governance (noun) – administration.
  22. counter-narcotics (plural noun) – actions taken to combat or prevent narcotics.
  23. narcotics (noun) – addictive drugs, illegal drugs.
  24. humanitarian (adjective) – compassionate, humane, socially concerned.
  25. pay the price/cost (phrase) – experience the bad/unpleasant result of something; sacrifice, loss.
  26. civilian (noun) – non-military person, ordinary citizen.
  27. add to (phrasal verb) – increase, amplify, intensify.
  28. literacy (noun) – the ability to read and write.
  29. life expectancy (noun) – the number of years a person can expect to live.
  30. urbanisation (noun) – a process of creating urban areas. It is a result of population migration from rural areas in addition to natural urban demographic growth.
  31. infant (noun) – baby, newborn, young child.
  32. mortality (noun) – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate/number of death.
  33. median (adjective) – mean, average.
  34. grow up (phrasal verb) – (of a person) to develop into an adult.
  35. bear the brunt (phrase) – to suffer or endure the worst part of something (force/burden/pressure) when a very bad or unpleasant thing happens.
  36. legitimacy (noun) – legality, validity, lawfulness.
  37. degenerate (verb) – get worse, decline, slide, deteriorate.
  38. chaos (noun) – disorder, disarray, turmoil, disorganization, disruption.
  39. counter-terrorism (noun) – anti-terrorism; actions taken to combat or prevent terrorism.
  40. counter-insurgency (COIN) (noun) – comprehensive political and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency/revolt (activities of rebels, guerrillas, etc) and address its root causes.
  41. shade (noun) – a little, a bit, a trace, a modicum, a hint.
  42. to one’s credit (phrase) – used to mention that someone deserves praise/admiration.
  43. credit (noun) – praise, admiration, commendation, acclaim, acknowledgement, recognition.
  44. the writing is on the wall (phrase) – sign, signal, indication, warning, presage, portent, omen, augury, harbinger (that some catastrophe/disaster is going to happen).
  45. safe haven (noun) – refuge, shelter, asylum, place of safety/security.
  46. sanctuary (noun) – a holy place.
  47. Durand Line (noun) – a borderline between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
  48. make peace (phrase) – establish friendly relations (again).
  49. sour (verb) – spoil, mar, damage, harm, impair, worsen.
  50. eventually (adverb) – in the end, finally, at last.
  51. dilute (verb) – reduce, decrease, lessen, mitigate.
  52. oversee (verb) – supervise, be in charge of, be responsible for, look after, keep an eye on, inspect.
  53. surge (noun) – sudden increase or rise of something.
  54. negotiation (noun) – discussions, talks, deliberation; discussing the terms of, arrangement.
  55. ambassador (noun) – envoy, diplomat, consul.
  56. set out (phrasal verb) – present, describe, set forth.
  57. ceasefire (noun) – a negotiated agreement that will be accompanied by other associated commitments to de-escalate the fighting; a temporary stoppage of war, truce, armistice.
  58. cut (verb) – remove, take out.
  59. ties (noun) – association, relationship, bond, connection.
  60. intra- (prefix) – within.
  61. whittle away/down (phrasal verb) – reduce, cut down, lessen, decrease.
  62. cadre (noun) – a small group of people (trained for a specific task).
  63. in short (phrase) – brieflyin essence.
  64. end up (phrasal verb) – come/appear, find oneself (to a particular course of action in the end).
  65. legitimise (verb) – validate, legitimate, justify.
  66. at the expense of (phrase) – at the cost of, at the loss of; at the sacrifice of.
  67. is no stranger to (phrase) – experienced in something; knowledgeable about something; to be well informed about a particular experience or activity.
  68. dossier (noun) – report/file, case history, case study.
  69. quagmire (noun) – unfortunate situation, muddle, mix-up.
  70. forever (adjective) – continuous, lasting, permanent.
  71. push ahead (phrasal verb) – proceed, continue, advance, make progress (with a course of action).
  72. limbo (noun) – uncertain situation or state; a state of uncertainty.
  73. civil war (noun) – a war between organized groups within the same state or country.
  74. certainly (adverb) – surely, definitely, unquestionably.
  75. trajectory (noun) – track/course, route, path, direction, approach.
  76. High Council for National Reconciliation (HCNR) (noun) – This council was established in February 2020 to resolve a political deadlock on elections and put an end to an election rivalry in Afghanistan that lasted for five months between Dr. Abdullah Abdullah and President Ashraf Ghani.
  77. ironically (adverb) – paradoxically, unexpectedly, strangely.
  78. vocal (adjective) – vociferous, outspoken, forthright; relating to someone who expresses his/her views frankly.
  79. critic (noun) – censurer, attacker, fault-finder.
  80. hasty (adjective) – hurried, rapid/quick; reckless, ill-considered, ill-advised.
  81. mount (verb) – increase, rise, escalate.
  82. countryside (noun) – a rural district, a rural area.
  83. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  84. provincial (adjective) – regional, territorial.
  85. clutch (noun) – power, control, domination, command.
  86. corridor (noun) – a strip/swathe of land linking two areas (particularly by a road). 
  87. exert (verb) – apply, use, utilize, deploy (a force/influence/control)
  88. unfold (verb) – happen, occur, take place, transpire.
  89. ideological (adjective) – relating to a system of ideas (ideology).
  90. colour (noun) – tone, voice.
  91. Quetta Shura/Rahbari Shura (noun) – a militant organization which is composed of the leaders (leadership council) of the Afghan Taliban, and believed to be based, since about 2001, within the city of Quetta in the Balochistan province of Pakistan.
  92. preserve (noun) – domain, area, territory, sphere.
  93. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, take part in (an activity).
  94. call the shots (phrase) – to be the person who commands/controls a situation or course of action; be in charge, be the boss, be in the driving seat.
  95. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  96. regime (noun) – government.
  97. front (noun) – a particular sphere of activity/operation.
  98. snipe (verb) – denounce, condemn, criticize, censure, blame.
  99. adversely (adverb) – unfavourably, disadvantageously, badly.
  100. integrity (noun) – unity, cohesion, undividedness, togetherness, solidarity.
  101. opportunistic (adjective) – selfish, self-centred, self-seeking, egocentric, inward-looking.
  102. strike a deal/bargain (phrase) – to come to an agreement.
  103. hasten (verb) – speed up, quicken, accelerate, expedite.
  104. dry up (phrasal verb) – dwindle, wane, disappear, vanish, run out.
  105. strategic (adjective) – relating to achieving long-term or overall goals.
  106. magnet (noun) – attraction, focus, focal point. 
  107. home-grown (adjective) – belonging to one’s own country.
  108. extremist (noun) – fanatic, radical, militant.
  109. neighbourhood (noun) – (surrounding) area, region, country.
  110. influence (noun) – power, authority, sway, control, leverage, weight.
  111. seldom (adverb) – hardly, rarely, almost never.
  112. lasting (adjective) – long-lasting, continuing, persisting, enduring, permanent.
  113. compromise (noun) – agreement, deal, understanding, settlement.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Troubling prospects in Afghanistan) – Jul 09, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Troubling prospects in Afghanistan) – Jul 09, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Troubling prospects in Afghanistan) – Jul 09, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Troubling prospects in Afghanistan) – Jul 09, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Troubling prospects in Afghanistan) – Jul 09, 2021

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