The Hindu Lead Article (Trouble lurks behind the bilateral bonhomie) – Feb 27, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Trouble lurks behind the bilateral bonhomie) – Feb 27, 2020

When history looks back upon the evolution of the India-U.S. bilateral relationship through the 21st century,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Trouble lurks behind the bilateral bonhomie) – Feb 27, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Trouble lurks behind the bilateral bonhomie) – Feb 27, 2020:

  1. lurk (verb) – hide, conceal, keep out of sight.
  2. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  3. bonhomie (noun) – friendliness, warmth, geniality/affability.
  4. evolution (noun) – progress, advancement, development.
  5. reflect (verb) – indicate, show, display, represent.
  6. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group. agreement, concurrence.
  7. hold fast (phrase) – stick to something; strongly believe in something (an idea/principle).
  8. trajectory (noun) – course, route, path.
  9. capitalise (verb) – take advantage of, exploit, benefit from.
  10. synergy (noun) – collaboration, joint action, team work.
  11. adroitly (adverb) – cleverly, skillfully, smartly.
  12. sidestep (verb) – avoid, evade, dodge, escape.
  13. roadblock (noun) – barricade, barrier, blockade.
  14. bind (verb) – unite, join, draw together.
  15. catalyse (verb) – to cause/accelerate some action/process.
  16. implicitly (adverb) – indirectly, tacitly, in a implied/hinted way.
  17. quarter (noun) – source, direction, place, point.
  18. momentum (noun) – energy, power, strength, driving power, impetus.
  19. extravaganza (noun) – display, spectacle, exhibition/performance.
  20. impart (verb) – provide, give, confer.
  21. stick to script (phrase) – to do what is supposed to be done (per the agenda).
  22. segue (verb) – move/shift from one topic to another smoothly; smooth transition from one point to another  one.
  23. accomplishment (noun) – achievement, performance, attainment, feat.
  24. go on to (phrasal verb) – talk at length, continue, proceed.
  25. sanitation (noun) – it generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and faeces (Courtesy: WHO).
  26. mirror image (noun) – replica, lookalike, exact likeness, reproduction.
  27. so far as (phrase) – to the extent/degree that.
  28. imply (verb) – say indirectly, suggest, hint.
  29. endorsement (noun) – support, backing, approval.
  30. hurrah (adjective) – used to express joy or approval.
  31. juncture (noun) – point in time, time/moment, stage.
  32. wrinkle (noun) – difficulty, snag, obstacle/drawback.
  33. bipartisan (adjective) – involving cooperation between two (opposite & big) political parties.
  34. extant (adjective) – present, existent, existing/surviving.
  35. polarisation (noun) – separation of two contrasting groups (based on different opinions/beliefs).
  36. embitter (verb) – make bitter, make resentful, discourage.
  37. run deep (phrase) – (of beliefs/emotions)  be strongly felt.
  38. splinter away (phrasal verb) – separate, break, split off into a small groups (from a main group due to disagreement).
  39. mainstream (noun) – something which is accepted/recognized by most people as a normal/conventional.
  40. enrich (verb) – make someone richer.
  41. climate change (noun) – a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth (Courtesy: NASA).
  42. disenchantment (noun) – disappointment, dissatisfaction, discontent.
  43. plank (noun) – a fundamental & important point/principle on which something (political program, policy, etc) is based on.
  44. unassailable (adjective) – indisputable, undeniable, unquestionable; beyond question/doubt, conclusive.
  45. relatively (adverb) – quite, comparatively/proportionately.
  46. demographic (adjective) – relating to the statistical study/structure of populations, especially human beings.
  47. cohort (noun) – group category, section (of people); supporter, follower, champion.
  48. ride on (phrasal verb) – depend on.
  49. catapult (verb) – propel, launch, move suddenly.
  50. landslide (noun) – decisive, runaway (victory), overwhelming majority.
  51. incumbent (noun) – the current/present holder/occupant of an office. 
  52. mount (verb) – increase, rise, escalate, intensify.
  53. slow boil (noun) – (figuratively) an act or process of raising (an emotion -angry, upset, etc) to a certain point/level slowly.
  54. distaste (noun) – dislike, disfavour, aversion, contempt.
  55. globalisation (noun) – the process of making the trade of goods and services equivalent in all nations.(Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  56. free-marketeer (noun) – a supporter of an economic system of buying and selling that is not under the control of the government. A supporter of a free-market economy.
  57. predecessor (noun) – previous holder of the post; forerunner, precursor, antecedent.
  58. turn a blind eye (phrase) – overlook, disregard, neglect/ignore.
  59. deep-seated (adjective) – profound, fundamental, basic.
  60. allegation (noun) – charge, accusation, indictment.
  61. add to (verb) – increase, aggravate, worsen/deepen.
  62. litany (noun) – recitation, repetition, repetitive series/account.
  63. level at/against (verb) – direct (a criticism or accusation).
  64. disregard (verb) – ignore, forget, overlook.
  65. conflict of interest (noun) – a situation in which a person cannot do his/her job fairly because he/she has the power to decide something in a way that would be to his/her advantage, although this may not be the best decision.
  66. hostile (adjective) – opposed, inimical, averse.
  67. be around (verb) – to be present.
  68. bat (verb) – defend the interests of; support.
  69. gloss over (verb) – conceal, cover up, hide, disguise.
  70. set aside (phrasal verb) – overrule, overturn, cancel/dismiss.
  71. stumbling block (noun) – drawback, disadvantage, restriction.
  72. optics (noun) – (typically in a political situation) the way in which an event is recognized by the public.
  73. motif (noun) – theme, concept, idea.
  74. jarringly (adverb) – shockingly, unpleasantly, disturbingly.
  75. insensitive (adjective) – impervious to, oblivious to, unaware of/ unresponsive/indifferent to.
  76. in flames (phrase) – on fire; burning fiercely.
  77. undertone (noun) – implication, suggestion, hint/trace.
  78. rampaging (adjective) – rioting, running amok, going berserk.
  79. mob (noun) – a large, disorganized and often violent crowd of people.
  80. vandalise (verb) – destroy, damage, spoil property (public/private) intentionally.
  81. set something on fire (phrase) – ignite, cause to burn, set ablaze.
  82. mutely (adverb) – silently, quietly, tacitly.
  83. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  84. outnumber (verb) – to have more numbers than (something).
  85. spectacle (noun) – display, show, event/scene.
  86. unfold (verb) – develop, evolve, happen, take place/occur.
  87. parley (noun) – negotiation, talk/dialogue, discussion.
  88. fall/run afoul of (phrase) – get into trouble, come into conflict with, go against (by not following rules/standards).
  89. conservative (adjective) – right-wing, reactionary, traditionalist.
  90. unabashed (adjective) – audacious, fearless, unconcerned, bold.
  91. woe (noun) – trouble, difficulty, problem.
  92. substantive (adjective) – important & meaningful.
  93. nudge (verb) – encourage, prompt, stimulate.
  94. look forward to (phrasal verb) – wait for, anticipate, expect, hope for.
  95. by way of (phrase) – via, by means of, as a form of.
  96. interoperability (noun) – operability of (military) equipment together by a group.
  97. trafficking (noun) – the activity of buying and selling goods/animal/people illegally; (illegal/illicit) trading, dealing.
  98. narco-terrorism (noun) – it was first used to describe campaigns by drug traffickers using terrorist methods, such as the use of car bombs, assassinations and kidnappings, against anti-narcotics police in Colombia and Peru. Narco-terrorists refer to individuals and other members of drug cartels, mafia or other criminal organisations, whose actions were defined as “the attempts of narcotics traffickers to influence the policies of government by the systematic threat or use of violence”.
  99. extremism (noun) – radicalism, fanaticism, dogmatism.
  100. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) (noun) – Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to a liquid state, at about -260° Fahrenheit (-162.2° C), for shipping and storage.
  101. trade deficit (noun) – a trade deficit (a deficit in the balance of trade) occurs when the value of a country’s imports exceeds that of its exports. It is also called a trade gap.
  102. have a bumpy ride (phrase) – to have a difficult time.
  103. South Block (noun) – South Block is a metonym of the Prime Minister’s Office. (The Secretariat Building (consists North & South Block) or Central Secretariat is where the Cabinet Secretariat is housed, which administers the Government of India. The South Blockhouses the Prime Minister’s Office, Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of External Affairs). (Metonym is used as an alternative for something else with which it is closely related/associated).
  104. escalate (verb) – heighten, intensify, magnify.
  105. trade/tariff war (noun) – a condition in which a country increase tariffs on foreign goods and impose quota restrictions to restrict other countries’ trade.
  106. slap on (verb) – impose, levy, put on.
  107. pull out (phrasal verb) – withdraw, leave, get out.
  108. Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) (noun) – The Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) is a U.S. trade program designed to promote economic growth in the developing world by providing preferential duty-free entry for thousands of products from 129 designated beneficiary countries and territories.
  109. unsurprisingly (adverb) – as expected.
  110. feel the pain (phrase) – suffer the difficulty.
  111. any time soon (phrase) – in the near future.
  112. put something in perspective (phrase) – to compare something with a similar thing to give a clearer, more accurate idea.
  113. slowdown (noun) – economic decline, recession, slump/depression.
  114. centre on (verb) – focus, concentrate, pivot, be based.
  115. footing (noun) – basis/base; status, position.
  116. vis-a-vis (preposition) – in relation to, with regard to.
  117. yield to (verb) – agree to, submit to, conform to.
  118. stir (verb) – prompt, propel, spur, encourage.
  119. toxic (adjective) – dangerous, destructive, harmful.
  120. cauldron (noun) – unstable situation, uncertainty (with emotions).


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Trouble lurks behind the bilateral bonhomie) – Feb 27, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Trouble lurks behind the bilateral bonhomie) – Feb 27, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Trouble lurks behind the bilateral bonhomie) – Feb 27, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Trouble lurks behind the bilateral bonhomie) – Feb 27, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Trouble lurks behind the bilateral bonhomie) – Feb 27, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Trouble lurks behind the bilateral bonhomie) – Feb 27, 2020

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