The Hindu Lead Article (Tracking the pandemic’s rural march) – May 19, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Tracking the pandemic’s rural march) – May 19, 2021

When the first wave of the novel coronavirus pandemic hit the country, the central government imposed the strictest lockdown for almost two months. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Tracking the pandemic’s rural march) – May 19, 2021.

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This preview is provided here with permission.  

Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Tracking the pandemic’s rural march) – May 19, 2021:

  1. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  2. march (noun) – progress, passage, development, evolution, continuance.
  3. the brunt (noun) – strain, stress, pressure.
  4. infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure for something (to function properly).  
  5. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  6. impose (verb) – force, thrust, inflict (an unwelcome decision/ruling).
  7. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  8. migrant (noun as modifier) – a person who moves from one region to another – either within a country or across national borders in order to find work or better living conditions.
  9. stick (verb) – become trapped, become jammed, become immobilized.
  10. equip (verb) – prepare (for a particular task/situation).
  11. primarily (adverb) – basically, especially, particularly.
  12. hunger (noun) – need for food; starvation, famine, malnutrition.
  13. starvation (noun) – extreme hunger, lack of food, famine, undernourishment/malnourishment.
  14. bear the brunt (phrase) – to suffer or endure the worst part of something (force/burden/pressure) when a very bad or unpleasant thing happens.
  15. in contrast to (phrase) – in opposition to.
  16. story (noun) – (news) report.
  17. stark (adjective) – clear, distinct, evident, obvious, striking.
  18. gross (adjective) – flagrant, overt, blatant, glaring, obvious/ evident.
  19. underestimate (verb) – underrate, be wrong about, play down.
  20. neglect (noun) – negligence, lack of proper care, lack of attention, carelessness, heedlessness, lack of concern, laxity, irresponsibility.
  21. misery (noun) – pain, grief, anguish, agony, distress, torment, suffering.
  22. inflict (verb) – cause, impose, exact, wreak
  23. lacking (adjective) – absent, missing, not present, unavailable; deficient, inadequate, flawed, insufficient.
  24. apathy (noun) – disregard, lack of interest, unconcern.
  25. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity, dearth.
  26. epidemic (noun) – a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region.
  27. primary health care (noun) – it is a whole-of-society approach to health and well-being centred on the needs and preferences of individuals, families, and communities. It addresses the broader determinants of health and focuses on the comprehensive and interrelated aspects of physical, mental, and social health and well-being. (Courtesy: WHO)
  28. Primary Health Care Centre (PHCs) (noun) – it is a port of call (first place to visit) to a qualified doctor in the public health sector in rural areas providing a range of curative, promotive and preventive health care. There are about 25,650 primary health centres (PHCs) in India, 15,700 (61.2%) function with one doctor each. As many as 1,974 (7.69%) PHCs do not have even a single doctor. One Primary Health Centre (PHC) is established for 30000 population in plains and 20000 population in tribal and hilly area.
  29. Sub-Centres (noun) – A Sub-Health Centre (Sub-centre) is the most peripheral and first point of contact between the primary health care system and the community. one Sub-centre is established for a population 5000 people in the plains and for 3000 in tribal and hilly areas.
  30. Community Health Centre (CHCs) (noun) – The Community Health Centres (CHCs) which constitute the secondary level of health care were designed to provide referral as well as specialist health care to the rural population. one Community Health Centre (CHC/Rural Hospital) is established for a population of one lakh.
  31. with regard to (phrase) – regarding, concerning, with respect to, in respect of, with reference to.
  32. norms (noun) – standard, convention, guidelines, criterion.
  33. shortfall (noun) – deficit, inadequacy/deficiency; shortcoming/defect.
  34. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  35. state (noun) – the government, the regime, the establishment.
  36. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  37. catastrophic (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous.
  38. expose (verb) – make vulnerable; subject to something (infectious agents & others).
  39. inherit (verb) – assume, take over, receive something (e.g. a situation & etc.) from a predecessor (previous holder of the post).
  40. havoc (noun) – destruction, damage, disaster.
  41. take to (phrasal verb) – begin, start, resort to, turn to.
  42. augment (verb) – increase, intensify; improve, boost, enhance.
  43. prolonged (adjective) – lengthy, extended, protracted.
  44. electioneering (noun) – campaigning, canvassing.
  45. social/physical distancing (noun) – a term that means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  46. adventurism (noun) – the inclination/readiness to take risks in business or politics.
  47. pass away (phrasal verb) – die, lose one’s life, expire.
  48. add to (phrasal verb) – increase, amplify, escalate, intensify.
  49. eminently (adverb) – very, greatly, highly, extremely.
  50. the judiciary (noun) – a branch of government in which judicial power is vested.
  51. breeding ground (noun) – a place or situation that causes the (uncontrolled) transmission/spreading of infectious disease.
  52. severity (noun) – seriousness.
  53. misgovernance (noun) – misgovernment, mismanagement, mishandling (of something, particularly a country/state/public authority/institution).
  54. border on (phrasal verb) – come close to, come near to, be near to; be comparable to, approximate/similar to, be tantamount to.
  55. ignorance (noun) – incomprehension, unawareness, unconsciousness, lack of knowledge about, lack of information about.
  56. outright (adjective) – out-and-out, absolute, complete, categorical, unequivocal.  
  57. humanitarian (adjective) – compassionate, humane, socially concerned.
  58. humanitarian crisis (noun) – it is also called as humanitarian disaster; a situation with high levels of human suffering in which basic human welfare is in danger on a large scale.
  59. unfold (verb) – happen, occur, take place, transpire.
  60. step in (phrasal verb) – act, take action, become involved, get involved.
  61. vacuum (noun) – gap, space, absence, lack/deficiency of something.
  62. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  63. voice (verb) – express, vocalize, give voice to, declare.
  64. counter (verb) – oppose, resist, dispute, attack, argue against.
  65. contact tracing (noun) – it is defined as the identification and follow-up of persons who may have come into contact with a person infected with the virus.
  66. complacency (noun) – carelessness, laziness, laxity, self-satisfaction, smugness, self-regard.
  67. at the mercy of (phrase) – under the control of, under the heel of, in the power of, controlled/dominated by.
  68. avail (verb) – use, utilize, take advantage of (an opportunity/resources).
  69. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  70. vulnerability (noun) – weakness, defencelessness, unprotectedness, susceptibility.
  71. aggravate (verb) – increase, intensify, worsen, exacerbate, compound.
  72. distress (noun) – difficulty, trouble, hardship.
  73. refuge (noun) – protection, shelter, place of safety, place of security.
  74. revive (verb) – energize, resuscitate, strengthen, regenerate, renew.
  75. non-farm (activities) (noun) – the term ‘non- farm’ encompasses all the non-crop agricultural activities; it includes manufacturing activities, commerce/trade and services.
  76. point to (verb) – indicate, suggest, denote.
  77. dismal (adjective) – bad, poor, dreadful, awful, terrible. 
  78. scenario (noun) – situation, background, context.
  79. come at a cost/price (phrase) – if something comes at a cost/price, it happens with the sacrifice/loss/expense of something else.
  80. debt trap (noun) – a situation that causes a damaging cycle of borrowing when someone cannot repay their debts on schedule.
  81. usurious (adjective) – greedy, rapacious, extortionate.
  82. chronic (adjective) – constant, continuing, unending, persistent, long-lasting.
  83. depleted (verb) – exhausted, used up, spent, consumed.
  84. stare at (verb) – look fixedly, gaze.
  85. lie with (phrasal verb) – be the responsibility of a particular person.
  86. anticipate (verb) – expect, foresee, predict.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Tracking the pandemic’s rural march) – May 19, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Tracking the pandemic’s rural march) – May 19, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tracking the pandemic’s rural march) – May 19, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tracking the pandemic’s rural march) – May 19, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tracking the pandemic’s rural march) – May 19, 2021

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