The Hindu Lead Article (Towards cooperative federalism) – Feb 04, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Towards cooperative federalism) – Feb 04, 2020

As of January 28, the Chief Ministers of at least 11 States have expressed their unwillingness to implement the National Register of Citizens (NRC). For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Towards cooperative federalism) – Feb 04, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Towards cooperative federalism) – Feb 04, 2020:

  1. federalism/federal framework/system (noun) – a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  2. convention (noun) – agreement, accord, protocol.
  3. foster (verb) – encourage, promote, support.
  4. stay (verb) – stop, delay/postpone, prevent.
  5. furthermore (adverb) – moreover, also, additionally, besides.
  6. seek (verb) – ask for, request, call on, appeal for.
  7. cost (noun) – penalty, sacrifice, loss.
  8. enumerate (verb) – calculate, compute, count.
  9. arduous (adjective) – demanding, tough, challenging.
  10. (be) ridden with (verb) – be full of, be dominated by.
  11. discretion (noun) – choice, option, preference/disposition.
  12. enumeration (noun) – the action of establishing the number of something; counting, numbering, tally.
  13. scrutiny (noun) – observation, inspection, examination.
  14. weaponise (verb) – use as a weapon.
  15. immeasurable (adjective) – incalculable, inestimable, unfathomable.
  16. ground (noun) – reason, factor, basis.
  17. empowered (adjective) – authorized, allowed, entitled.
  18. hold down (phrasal verb) – keep (someone) under control.
  19. obligation (noun) – duty/responsibility.
  20. errant (adjective) – erring, offending, lawbreaking.
  21. in line with (phrase) – in alignment with, in accordance with.
  22. enjoin (verb) – urge, pressurize, spur; encourage.
  23. in accordance with (phrase) – in agreement with, in conformity with, in line with.
  24. provision (noun) – term, clause, requirement.
  25. fiduciary (adjective) – trustful, trustworthy; more believable, guardian/trustee.
  26. in the hands of someone (phrase) – controlled by someone.
  27. hold someone to (phrase) – cause someone to comply with (a commitment/responsibility).
  28. insist (on) (verb) – ask for, request, press/push for.
  29. superficial (adjective) – casual, cursory; outward.
  30. reading (noun) – interpretation, understanding, account, explanation.
  31. premise (verb) – base an.
  32. unbridled (adjective) – unrestrained, unconstrained, uncontrolled.
  33. deference (noun) – respect, consideration, regard.
  34. say (noun) – authority, voice, sway.
  35. impermissibly (adverb) – unsatisfactorily, unsuitably, objectionably.
  36. reckon with (phrasal verb) – deal with/cope with; take into account, take into consideration.
  37. turn out (phrasal verb) – transpire, emerge, appear.
  38. lie in (phrasal verb) – be present, be contained, exist.
  39. oath (noun) – sworn statement, promise, pledge.
  40. duty-bound (adjective) – under an obligation, bound, beholden.
  41. bear (verb) – have, display, exhibit, show.
  42. allegiance (noun) – loyalty, faithfulness, devotion.
  43. by way of (phrase) – via, by means of, as a form of.
  44. functionary (noun) – official, administrator, bureaucrat.
  45. in light of (phrase) – considering, taking into account, keeping in mind.
  46. indispensable (adjective) – essential, significant/important, necessary.
  47. landmark (noun as modifier) – historic, milestone, watershed.
  48. mere (adjective) – just, only, basic.
  49. appendage (noun) – addition, attachment, addendum; projecting part.
  50. competence (noun) – (legal) authority, power, control.
  51. entrust (verb) – hand over/give responsibility for, assign/confer on.
  52. without any application of mind (phrase) – mindlessly, carelessly, indifferently.
  53. delineate (verb) – describe, define, detail.
  54. undue (adjective) – excessive, extreme, immoderate.
  55. marginalised (adjective) – treated as insignificant, treated as unimportant, neglected (people).
  56. arbitrary (adjective) – random/chance, casual, unmotivated/unreasonable.
  57. obscure (verb) – overshadow, conceal, hide.
  58. dissent (noun) – disagreement, disapproval, opposition.
  59. defy (verb) – resist, take a stand against, confront.
  60. impede (verb) – hinder, obstruct, slow down.
  61. comply with (verb) – abide by, stick/adhere to, conform/hold to.
  62. interpretation (noun) – understanding, reading, explanation.
  63. purported (adjective) – alleged, claimed, supposed/professed.
  64. objective (noun) – aim, intention, purpose.
  65. withhold (verb) – deny, refuse (to give), hold back.
  66. contentious (adjective) – controversial, disputable, debatable.
  67. anti-gun (adjective) – supporting procedures to limit/control the sale and use of firearms.
  68. archaic (adjective) – obsolete, old-fashioned, outdated/very old.
  69. will (noun) – desire, wish, disposition, preference.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Towards cooperative federalism) – Feb 04, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Towards cooperative federalism) – Feb 04, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Towards cooperative federalism) – Feb 04, 2020

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