The Hindu Lead Article (Towards a new world order) – Feb 14, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Towards a new world order) – Feb 14, 2020

The World Economic Forum (WEF), held at Davos last month, has become a Mecca for all forms of new capitalism. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Towards a new world order) – Feb 14, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Towards a new world order) – Feb 14, 2020:

  1. world order (noun) – the arrangement of power and authority that provides the system for the conduct of diplomacy and world politics in relation to the entire world.
  2. safety net (noun) – something which gives protection against misfortune or difficulty.
  3. capitalism (noun) – an economic system based on the private ownership; private enterprise, private ownership.
  4. noble (adjective) – righteous, upright, good.
  5. objective (noun) – aim, intention, purpose.
  6. the top of the pyramid (phrase) – rich, affluent (people).
  7. the bottom of the pyramid (phrase) – poorest (people).
  8. delegation (noun) – a body of representatives.
  9. congregation (noun) – gathering, assembly, meeting, conference.
  10. resemble (verb) – look like, be similar to, be like.
  11. ice circus (noun) – circus on ice.
  12. drift (verb) – accumulate, gather, pile up/amass.
  13. snowflake (noun) – a small piece of snow.
  14. tear aside (phrasal verb) – remove, pull aside, rip up, cut open.
  15. intractable (adjective) – unmanageable, uncontrollable, ungovernable.
  16. in sight (phrase) – visible, observable, noticeable; close to being achieved/realized.
  17. condense (verb) – compress, compact, reduced, make concise.
  18. inequality (noun) – imbalance, unevenness, disproportion.
  19. grim (adjective) – severe, serious, distressing, upsetting, worrying.
  20. stark (adjective) – clear, distinct, evident.
  21. epicentre (noun) – the main point of unpleasant or problematic situation.
  22. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, recognize, draw attention to, mention.
  23. oligarch (noun) – a small group which controls the country & government.
  24. tenability (noun) – plausibility; reasonableness, rationality; the quality of being tenable (reasonable, rational, sustainable, workable).
  25. stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
  26. on the verge of (phrase) – to be at the point/situation where something is about to happen.
  27. characteristic (noun) – attribute, feature, aspect/trait.
  28. intensification (noun) – increase, escalation, stepping up.
  29. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  30. the bulk of (noun) – most, larger part, larger number.
  31. non-renewable resources (noun) – natural sources such as metals, minerals, and fossil fuels (gas, coal & etc). These resources cannot be readily replaced by natural means at a quick enough pace to keep up with consumption.
  32. sustainability (noun) – maintainability of something at a certain rate/level.
  33. casualty (noun) – victim, fatality, loss.
  34. implications (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  35. thermodynamics (noun) – a branch of physics that deals with heat and temperature, and their relation to energy, work, radiation, and properties of matter.
  36. entropy (noun) – In thermodynamics (per second law), if you convert one energy (heat/thermal) to an another energy (mechanical), only a part of the energy is consumed, the balance is lost. The lost part is called “entropy”. It is the statistical disorder of the system. The second law states that if the physical process is irreversible, the combined entropy of the system and the environment must increase.
  37. phenomenon (noun) – occurrence, event, happening.
  38. leave behind (phrasal verb) – to abandon.
  39. inert (adjective) – inactive.
  40. unidirectional (adjective) – moving in a single direction and can’t be reversible.
  41. go forward (phrasal verb) – progress, advance, proceed.
  42. egregious (adjective) – shocking, horrible/terrible, very bad.
  43. residual (adjective) – remaining, extra, excess.
  44. unwittingly (adverb) – inadvertentlyunknowingly, unintentionally.
  45. toxic (adjective) – dangerous, destructive, harmful.
  46. hazardous (adjective) – dangerous, risky, unsafe.
  47. arsenic (noun) – a chemical/metallic element that forms a number of poisonous compounds, arsenic is found in nature at low levels mostly in compounds with oxygen, chlorine, and sulfur.
  48. globalisation (noun) – the process of making the trade of goods and services equivalent in all nations.(Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  49. turn out (phrasal verb) – transpire, emerge; happen/occur.
  50. exploitation (noun) – taking advantage, making use, misuse, ill treatment, squeezing.
  51. arbitrage (noun) – buying an asset in one market and selling the same/similar asset in another market to make a profit.
  52. middleman (noun) – broker, agent, dealer.
  53. ferociously (adverb) – extremely, strongly, very greatly.
  54. use up (phrasal verb) – consume, spend, deplete, exhaust, waste.
  55. intellectual property rights (IPRs) (noun) – the rights given to persons over the creations of their minds. The IPRs are legal rights that protect creations and/or inventions resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields.
  56. the rot (noun) – deterioration, decline (in standards).
  57. pernicious (adjective) – harmful, damaging, destructive.
  58. carbon credit (noun) – a tradable permit or certificate that provides the holder of the credit the right to emit one ton of carbon dioxide or an equivalent of another greenhouse gas.
  59. offset (verb) – nullify, counterbalance; make amends for, compensate for.
  60. carbon footprint (noun) – the total amount of greenhouse gases produced to directly and indirectly support human activities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).
  61. to sum up (phrase) – to give a brief summary.
  62. pertain to (verb) – concern, relate to, be connected with.
  63. scandinavian (adjective) – relating to a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties. it comprises Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, and allied territories.
  64. Nordic countries (noun) – The Nordic countries are generally considered to refer to Denmark, Norway, Sweden (scandinavian countries), Finland and Iceland including Greenland, Faroe Islands and the Åland Islands.
  65. per capita (adverb & adjective) – per person, for each, individually.
  66. generous (adjective) – liberal, large, ample/abundant.
  67. uphold (verb) – justify, vindicate, validate.
  68. template (noun) – model, pattern/example, blueprint.
  69. ingredient (noun) – element, part, component.
  70. enlightened (adjective) – educated/learned, wise, literate, intellectual.
  71. tax haven (noun) – a country that imposes/charges/levies low tax rates on certain economic activities, especially to attract wealthy individuals and (foreign) businesses.
  72. go up (phrasal verb) – rise or increase.
  73. hold someone responsible/accountable for (phrase) – blame someone for something.
  74. perspective (noun) – view/outlook, aspect, approach.
  75. bottom line (noun) – In traditional business accounting, it refers to the financial year’s profit or loss earned or incurred by the company on pure financial parameters.
  76. incur (verb) – suffer, sustain, experience, cause.
  77. big data analytics (noun) – the process of examining large and varied data sets — i.e., big data — to uncover hidden patterns, unknown correlations, market trends, customer preferences and other useful information that can help organizations make more-informed business decisions.
  78. text analytics (noun) – the process of converting unstructured text data into meaningful data for analysis, to measure customer opinions, product reviews, feedback, to provide search facility, sentimental analysis and entity modeling to support fact based decision making.
  79. market capitalisation (noun) – the aggregate valuation of the company based on its current share price and the total number of outstanding stocks. It is calculated by multiplying the current market price of the company’s share with the total outstanding shares of the company.
  80. uplift (verb) – elevate, raise, stimulate.
  81. global economic order (noun) – a set of proposals put forward by some developing countries to promote their interests by improving their terms of trade, increasing development assistance, developed-country tariff reductions, and other means.
  82. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group. agreement, concurrence.
  83. sustainable (adjective) – legitimate/reasonable, reliable, trustworthy.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Towards a new world order) – Feb 14, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Towards a new world order) – Feb 14, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Towards a new world order) – Feb 14, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Towards a new world order) – Feb 14, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Towards a new world order) – Feb 14, 2020

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