The Hindu Lead Article (The script of disruption and a new order) – Apr 28, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (The script of disruption and a new order) – Apr 28, 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented, involving as it does far too many variables. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The script of disruption and a new order) – Apr 28, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The script of disruption and a new order) – Apr 28, 2020:

  1. script (noun) – a plan of action.
  2. disruption (noun) – disturbance, interference, interruption.
  3. new (world) order (noun) – the arrangement of power and authority that provides the system for the conduct of diplomacy and world politics in relation to the entire world.
  4. geopolitical (adjective) – relating to the study of the geographical factors (a country’s position on the earth, size, climate, and natural resources & etc,.) in world politics and inter-state relations.
  5. geo-economic (adjective) – relating to the use of economic interests to promote and defend national interests, and to produce beneficial geopolitical results; relating to the use of economics as an instrument/tool of state power.
  6. fallout (noun) – adverse results; after-effects, repercussions.
  7. COVID-19 (noun) – coronavirus disease 2019.
  8. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  9. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  10. far too (phrase) – much too.
  11. variable (noun) – factor, feature, element (that is likely to vary/change).
  12. complexity (noun) – complication, problem, difficulty.
  13. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  14. radical (adjective) – complete, total, entire.
  15. uncertainty (noun) – unpredictability, unreliability, riskiness/precariousness. (radical uncertainty arises when we know something, but not enough to enable us to act with confidence).
  16. unlikely (adjective) – not likely, improbable, doubtful, questionable.
  17. abnormal (adjective) – unusual, uncommon, atypical.
  18. the new normal (phrase) – an earlier unusual situation that becomes a standard now.
  19. commentator (noun) – critic, analyst, observer.
  20. conduct (noun) – behaviour.
  21. diminution (noun) – curtailment, decline, reduction, decrease, restriction/limitation (in the importance of something).
  22. international community (noun) – all the nation-states and their (very broad) group of people act together with greater determination to further (promote) our shared interests that make up the world.
  23. cease to exist (phrase) – disappear, die, be no more.
  24. tend to (verb) – be inclinedgravitate, be likely.
  25. narrowly (adverb) – in a restricted way.
  26. under fire (phrase) – being attacked/criticized strongly.
  27. singularly (adverb) – especially, particularly, extremely.
  28. measure up (phrasal verb) – achieve the required standardfulfil expectations, do well.
  29. grave (adjective) – terrible, awful, dreadful.
  30. on the surface (phrase) – seemingly, apparently, evidently, ostensibly; considering outward appearances (of something).
  31. far (adverb) – much, very much, noticeably, considerably.
  32. tar (verb) – blame, damage (the character or reputation of someone/something).
  33. charge (noun) – accusation, allegation, indictment.
  34. bias (noun) – prejudice, partiality; favouritism, unfairness, one-sidedness.
  35. grossly (adverb) – flagrantly, obviously; extremely/excessively.
  36. epidemic (noun) – widespread disease/illness; outbreak.
  37. single out (phrasal verb) – select, pick out, choose.
  38. speak volumes (phrase) – to show/explain something (a situation) very clearly.
  39. prevail (verb) – exist, be in existence, be present, be prevalent.
  40. shock (noun) – disturbance causing volatility/uncertainty in an economy. 
  41. forecast (noun) – prediction, indication, projection.
  42. fiscal (adjective) – financial.
  43. contraction (noun) – decline, decrease, reduction.
  44. enforcer (noun) – disciplinarian, task master, authoritarian.
  45. imperative (noun) – necessary condition/factor, requirement, obligation.
  46. yesteryear (noun) – the past, the old days, bygone days.
  47. relegate (verb) – downgrade, lower; degrade, put down, move down.
  48. archive (noun) – records, documents, registers (with previous years’ data on something).
  49. perceive (verb) – view, regard, consider.
  50. anachronistic (adjective) – old-fashioned, bygone, outmoded.
  51. a new lease of life (phrase) – an improved and energetic life after making something better than before.
  52. reflect (verb) – indicate, show, display, represent.
  53. in someone’s wake (phrase) – used to say what is left behind by someone/something.
  54. liberty (noun) – freedom, independence.
  55. be vested in (verb) – confer on, grant to, give to, entrust to.
  56. instrument (noun) – mechanism, apparatus, system, means (to achieve/attain something).
  57. eerily (adverb) – peculiarly, oddly, in a strange and frightening way.
  58. authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, illiberal, undemocratic, totalitarian.
  59. pay a price (phrase) – experience the bad/unpleasant result of something.
  60. omnipotent (adjective) – all-powerful, totalitarian, autocratic (with great power/influence).
  61. the spotlight (noun) – the public attention, the focus of public/media; the public eye.
  62. far-reaching (adjective) – important, major, significant.
  63. anticipate (verb) – expect, foresee, predict.
  64. realm (noun) – area, field, domain (of activity).
  65. sea change (noun) – a significant change, transformation/evolution, reorganization; reversal of policy, change of mind/plan.
  66. viz. (adverb) – namely, specifically, in other words.
  67. seek (verb) – try, aim, attempt.
  68. in the wake of (phrase) – as a result of, in the aftermath of, as a consequence of.
  69. unfazed (adjective) – unworried, untroubled, unconcerned.
  70. stigma (noun) – shame, disgrace, dishonour, discredit; Stigma occurs when society labels someone as disgraced or less desirable. Stigma involves three elements; a lack of knowledge (ignorance), negative attitudes (prejudice) and people behaving in ways that disadvantage the stigmatised person (discrimination).
  71. owe (verb) – be obligated to, be under an obligation to.
  72. negligence (noun) – carelessness, irresponsibility, disregard; inattention/laxness.
  73. sound (verb) – indicate (something); give the impression of being.
  74. alarm (noun) – warning sound, danger/distress signal, alert.
  75. sino-centrism (noun) – it is the ideology that China is the cultural, political or economic center of the world.
  76. at one’s best (phrase) – on top form, in great shape; peak, prime.
  77. indispensable (adjective) – essential, necessary, vitally important/significant.
  78. travails (noun) – ordeal, trouble, hardship; struggle, painful effort.
  79. Black Swan (noun) – an unpredictable event (of large magnitude and severe consequences).
  80. White Swan (noun) – a sign of hope and promise; It, in general, is symbolic of cleansing and purifying.
  81. masquerade (verb) – pretend, impersonate, disguise (oneself as).
  82. palliative (noun) – an action aimed to mitigate/lessen a problem (without addressing the basic reason).
  83. eventuality (noun) – a possible outcome, possibility.
  84. hollow out (verb) – remove, empty, undermine, weaken/erode.
  85. financial viability (noun) – the ability of an entity/organisation to continue to achieve its operating objectives and fulfill its mission over the long term.
  86. stake (noun) – equity, share, investment.
  87. scaled-down (adjective) – reduced (in size/value).
  88. wake up to (phrasal verb) – realize, become aware of, become heedful of.
  89. clamour (noun) – protest, complaint, outcry/commotion.
  90. hostile (adjective) – (of a takeover bid) opposed by or averse to the company.
  91. takeover bid (noun) – the purchase or acquisition of a (target) company by another company.
  92. foreign direct investment (FDI) (noun) – Investment from one country into another (normally by companies rather than governments) that involves establishing operations or acquiring tangible assets, including stakes in other businesses.
  93. inherent (adjective) – implicit, intrinsic, in-built.
  94. checkmate (verb) – defeat, conquer, stop/check, thwart/corner completely.
  95. poise (verb) – position, prepare oneself, ready oneself.
  96. exploit (verb) – take advantage of, make use of, utilize.
  97. virtual (adjective) – performing a task with the use of computer, especially over a network.
  98. substantial (adjective) – considerable, significant, large.
  99. stranglehold (noun) – complete control, power, influence/domination.
  100. ostensibly (adverb) – apparently, seemingly, allegedly, supposedly.
  101. multilateral (adjective) – involving many different countries (in which all WTO member countries are party to the agreement).
  102. globalisation (noun) – the process of making the trade of goods and services equivalent in all nations (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  103. framework (noun) – structure, system, organisation.
  104. faltering (adjective) – relating to something which is losing strength; fluctuating, oscillating.
  105. distinct (adjective) – clear, clear-cut, definite, well defined.
  106. put paid to (phrase) – destroy, defeat; thwart, prevent/stop.
  107. tout (verb) – talk up, speak of, talk of, urge.
  108. failing (adjective) – declining, fading, collapsing.
  109. cede ground (phrase) – give up, surrender, relinquish (a territory) to another.
  110. ravage (verb) – devastate, ruin, damage, wreak havoc.
  111. affairs (noun) – concerns, matters, activities (of public interest).
  112. turnaround (noun) – an unexpected change.
  113. play by the rules (noun) – follow the rules, conform, play fair.
  114. let alone (phrase) – to say nothing of; not to mention.
  115. insular (adjective) – isolated, detached; restricted, inward-looking
  116. Brexit (noun) – a term used for the (supposed) departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
  117. the reckoning (noun) – contention, consideration (for a place in a team)
  118. meltdown (noun) – (economic) downturn, slide, decline, collapse.
  119. aggravate (verb) – made serious/severe, worsen, compound, exacerbate, enrage.
  120. downturn (noun) – decline, setback, blow/upset (in economic activity).
  121. room for manoeuvre (phrase) – an opportunity to change something (tactfully/carefully).
  122. juggernaut (noun) – powerful/overwhelming force.
  123. leverage (noun) – advantage, influence, power/authority.
  124. expatriate (adjective) – emigrant, living/working abroad.
  125. out on a limb (phrase) – vulnerable; in a difficult, isolated position (with no support from others).
  126. repatriation (noun) – the act of sending people/something to their own country.
  127. inflow (noun) – a flow/movement of a large amount of money or something to a particular place.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The script of disruption and a new order) – Apr 28, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (The script of disruption and a new order) – Apr 28, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (The script of disruption and a new order) – Apr 28, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (The script of disruption and a new order) – Apr 28, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (The script of disruption and a new order) – Apr 28, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (The script of disruption and a new order) – Apr 28, 2020

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