The Hindu Lead Article (The scope of constitutional morality) – Oct 04, 2018

The Hindu Lead Article (The scope of constitutional morality) – Oct 04, 2018

“The issue of the rights of sweepers and scavengers has never entered the mainstream legal consciousness in the country,” wrote Upendra Baxi in Law and Poverty: Critical Essays. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The scope of constitutional morality) – Oct 04, 2018.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The scope of constitutional morality) – Oct 04, 2018:

  1. morality (noun) – ethics, rights and wrongs, correctness/propriety.
  2. manual scavenging (non) – the practice of manually cleaning, carrying, disposing or handling in any manner, human excreta from insanitary dry latrines and sewers. Manual scavenger is a person engaged in or employed for manually carrying human excreta
  3. mushrooming (adjective) – increasing, burgeoning, growing/developing rapidly.
  4. exploitative (adjective) – unprincipled, unethical, immoral.
  5. defiance (noun) – non-compliance, disobedience; confrontation/opposition.
  6. disconcertingly (adverb) – discomfitingly, unsettlingly, disturbingly.
  7. caricature (noun) – mimicking, ridiculing, mocking.
  8. stigmatising (adjective) – discrediting, dishonouring, condemning.
  9. degrading (adjective) – deteriorating, degenerating, decaying.
  10. rhetoric (noun) – bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  11. decimate (verb) – eliminate, remove; to severely damage or destroy a large part of (something).
  12. callous (adjective) – harsh, heartless, insensitive/ruthless.
  13. impunity (noun) – immunity, exemption/freedom from punishment,, special treatment.
  14. conservancy workers (noun) – sanitation workers.
  15. to a grinding halt (phrase) – a (bad) situation becomes inactive slowly and then stops completely.
  16. bring something to its knees (phrase) – to destroy something and bring it to a worst condition.
  17. jingle (noun) – slogan, catch line, catchphrase.
  18. flouting (adjective) – scornful, dismissive, disrespectful/full of contempt.
  19. account (verb) – consider, think, reckon.
  20. invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, adduce.
  21. delineation (noun) – portrayal, description, presentation.
  22. proscribe (verb) – forbid, prohibit, ban.
  23. horizontal (adjective) – same level.
  24. discrimination (noun) – prejudice, bias/bigotry, intolerance/inequity.
  25. triumphal (adjective) – thrilled, euphoric, ecstatic.
  26. LGBT Community– lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Community. The last letter Q (in LGBTQ) can mean either ‘questioning’ or ‘queer (queer is anything that exists outside of the dominant narrative or it means all of first four letters).
  27. genealogy (noun) – ancestry, line of descent, family tree.
  28. signpost (verb) – guide, indicate notice.
  29. oppression (noun) – persecution, ill treatment, suppression.
  30. recursive (adjective) – repetitive, recurring, unchanging.
  31. empathy (noun) – compassion, sympathy, feeling.
  32. exclusionary (adjective) – exclusive, alienating.
  33. due diligence (noun) – careful investigation beforehand.
  34. apposite (adjective) – appropriate, suitable, fitting.
  35. redressal (noun) – compensation, reparation, remedy.
  36. ignominy (noun) – public shame, disgrace, humiliation/embarrassment.
  37. ostracism (noun) – exclusion, rejection, repudiation (from a society/group).
  38. statutory (adjective) – legitimate, permissible, admissible.
  39. de minimis (adjective) – too trivial/minor, about minimal things.
  40. echo (verb) – repeat, say again, restate/reiterate.
  41. cardinal (adjective) – fundamental, primary, principal.
  42. sans (preposition) – devoid, bereft, deprived.
  43. fraternity (noun) – group, profession; a group of people with same job, interest and etc.
  44. contemplate (verb) – think about, consider, ponder.
  45. intrinsic (adjective) – basic, fundamental, essential.
  46. virulent (adjective) – poisonous, highly infectious, highly infective.
  47. lest (conjunction) – in case, just in case, for fear that.
  48. be steeped in (phrase) – imbue with, fill with, permeate/pervade with.
  49. prejudice (noun) – bigotry, intolerance, discrimination.
  50. stereotype (noun) – cliché, standard/conventional image; conventional label/tag.
  51. parochialism (noun) – narrow-mindedness, localism, provincialism.
  52. segregation (noun) – separation, setting apart, sorting out.
  53. decriminalise (verb) – make legal, legitimate, validate.
  54. majoritarian (adjective) – relating to a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  55. impulse (noun) – (strong & sudden) urge/instinct, compulsion, need.
  56. sanction (noun) – approval, consent, permission.
  57. apparatus (noun) – structure, system/framework, organization.
  58. sustenance (noun) – means of support, subsistence, support.
  59. non-retrogression (noun) – something (a doctrine/right) which can not be reversed/cancelled.
  60. unequivocal (adjective) – unambiguous, unmistakable, indisputable.
  61. breach (noun) – contravention, violation/breaking, non-observance.
  62. blow up (phrase) – break out, erupt, flare up.


Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The scope of constitutional morality) – Oct 04, 2018:

The Hindu Lead Article (The scope of constitutional morality) – Oct 04, 2018 The Hindu Lead Article (The scope of constitutional morality) – Oct 04, 2018

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