The Hindu Lead Article (The science teaching and rationality India needs) – May 13, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (The science teaching and rationality India needs) – May 13, 2021

A speeding autorickshaw driver once told me that slowing down might not be very useful to avoid an accident. He was responding to my unease,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The science teaching and rationality India needs) – May 13, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The science teaching and rationality India needs) – May 13, 2021:

  1. rationality (noun) – The quality of being consistent with reason/logic; reasonableness, logicality.
  2. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  3. pay the price/cost (phrase) – experience the bad/unpleasant result of something; sacrifice, loss.
  4. neglect (noun) – negligence, lack of proper care, lack of attention, carelessness, heedlessness, lack of concern, laxity, irresponsibility.
  5. slow down (phrasal verb) – reduce, lessen decrease (one’s activity).
  6. unease (noun) – anxiety, discontent, distress, panic, agitation.
  7. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  8. on account of (phrase) – because of, owing to, due to, by virtue of.
  9. reckless (adjective) – careless, thoughtless, incautious, heedless.
  10. manoeuvre (noun) – activity, movement; trick, tactic.
  11. roundabout (noun) – a traffic circle.
  12. intrigue (verb) – interest, fascinate, attract, lure, tempt, captivate.
  13. collide (verb) – clash, bang, slam, hit.
  14. collision (noun) – crashaccident, clash.
  15. destiny (noun) – fate, karma, kismet.
  16. chance (noun) – accident, coincidence, fate.
  17. perception (noun) – observation, notion, thought, belief, idea.
  18. persuade (verb) – convince, influence, make certain.
  19. inevitable (adjective) – unavoidable, unpreventable, sure to happen.
  20. parlance (noun) – expression, way of speaking, language.
  21. fatalism (noun) – acceptance; belief that all events are unpredictable/unavoidable as fated.
  22. nuance (noun) – fine distinction, subtle difference/subtlety/nicety, subtle variation.
  23. framework (noun) – structure, system.
  24. make sense of (phrase) – understand, comprehend, fathom out.
  25. encounter (noun) – struggle, clash, conflict, confrontation.
  26. tragedy (noun) – disaster, catastrophe, devastation, misfortune, affliction, blight.
  27. recall (verb) – remember, recollect, call to mind, think of.
  28. context (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
  29. proliferation (noun) – rapid increase, rise, escalation.
  30. parasite (noun) – an animal or plant that lives in or on another animal or plant and gets food or protection from it.
  31. breed (verb) – multiply, reproduce.
  32. stagnant (adjective) – still, motionless, immobile, static.
  33. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, precondition, essential requirement.
  34. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  35. neighbourhood (noun) – (surrounding) area, region.
  36. puddle (noun) – a small pool (of rainwater on the ground).
  37. larva (noun) – an immature insect; caterpillar. (Larvae is a plural form of larva).
  38. textbook (adjective) – standard, conventional, most typical.
  39. line of action (phrase) – plan of action, course of action, procedure.
  40. supposedly (adverb) – apparently, seemingly, ostensibly.
  41. pedagogic (adjective) – relating to teaching; educational, academic.
  42. persist (verb) – continue, remain, linger, stay.
  43. autumn (noun) – autumn season. (the four seasons-spring, summer, fall/autumn, and winter).
  44. unlikely (adjective) – improbable, not likely, doubtful, dubious.
  45. take on (phrasal verb) – assume, acquire, carry, come to have.
  46. inevitability (noun) – necessity, certainty, requirement, compulsion.
  47. impending (adjective) – imminent, close at hand, about to happen, approaching, nearing/coming.
  48. advent (noun) – arrival, appearance, emergence, occurrence.
  49. antibiotic (noun) – a chemical substance/drug used to destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria that causes infectious diseases.
  50. life-threatening (adjective) – fatal, deadly, mortal, incurable.
  51. contaminated (adjective) – polluted, adulterated; infected.
  52. cumbersome (adjective) – complicated, complex; awkward/hard to deal with.
  53. grim (adjective) – distressing, upsetting, worrying, unpleasant, dismal, awful.
  54. water-borne disease (noun) – an illness/disease caused by microscopic organisms, like viruses and bacteria, that are ingested through contaminated water.
  55. prevalent (adjective) – widespread, frequent, usual, common, general, ordinary.
  56. end up (phrasal verb) – come/appear, find oneself (to a particular course of action in the end).
  57. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  58. popularize (verb) – market, publicize, make popular, familiarize.
  59. personalized (adjective) – produced to meet someone’s personal needs.
  60. costly (adjective) – damaging, woeful/awful, terrible, unfortunate.
  61. welfare state (noun) – a form of government in which the state protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of the citizens, based upon the principles of equal opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for citizens unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. A system wherein the government agrees to underwrite certain levels of employment, income, education, medical, social security and housing for all its citizens.
  62. ought to (modal verb) – must, should.
  63. microbe (noun) – microorganism/microbe is an organism that is so small & microscopic (invisible to the naked eye). (bacteria, fungi, viruses & etc).
  64. see something with one’s own eyes (phrase) – to see/realize something yourself in a real life.
  65. overwhelming (adjective) – very great/large, huge, enormous.
  66. sown past participle of sow (verb) – seed; cause, bring about.
  67. harvest (noun) – yield; return, result.
  68. wreak (verb) – cause, inflict, bring about (danger).
  69. sheer (adjective) – utter, complete, total, absolute, outright.
  70. sustain (verb) – continue, carry on, keep up, maintain.
  71. allude to (verb) – refer to, mention, speak briefly of, imply.
  72. contract (verb) – develop/catch (a disease); become infected with, fall ill with. 
  73. well-being (noun) – a healthy state/condition.
  74. namely (adverb) – specifically, in other words, that is.
  75. the inevitable (noun) – an unavoidable situation, an unpreventable situation.
  76. pose (verb) – create, cause, present (a problem or danger or risk).
  77. interlocutor (noun) – a person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation.
  78. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  79. apparently (adverb) – seemingly, evidently, it appears that; supposedly.
  80. surge (noun) – sudden increase or rise of something.
  81. pathogen (noun) – bacteria/virus that causes disease.
  82. stereotype (noun) – an oversimplified and/or unfair belief or idea that groups of people have particular characteristics or that all people in a group are the same.
  83. differentiated (adjective) – distinguished, segregated, individualized
  84. impoverished (adjective) – poor, weakened, exhausted, drained, diminished, depleted.
  85. cutback (noun) – reduction, cut, decrease.
  86. lopsided (adjective) – asymmetrical, uneven, unequal.
  87. undermine (verb) – weaken, subvert, sabotage, damage.
  88. rob (verb) – deprive, strip, divest (of something needed).
  89. rational (adjective) – logical, well reasoned, sensible, coherent, wise.
  90. ethos (noun) – morality, attitudes, beliefs, principles; spirit, character.
  91. dissent (noun) – disagreement, lack of agreement, difference of opinion, argument.
  92. accrue (verb) – grow, increase, augment.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The science teaching and rationality India needs) – May 13, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (The science teaching and rationality India needs) – May 13, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The science teaching and rationality India needs) – May 13, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The science teaching and rationality India needs) – May 13, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The science teaching and rationality India needs) – May 13, 2021

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