The Hindu Lead Article (The missing piece in India’s defence jigsaw puzzle) – Feb 20, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (The missing piece in India’s defence jigsaw puzzle) – Feb 20, 2020

Undoubtedly, we are living through a moment of decisive change and turbulence. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The missing piece in India’s defence jigsaw puzzle) – Feb 20, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The missing piece in India’s defence jigsaw puzzle) – Feb 20, 2020:

  1. jigsaw puzzle (noun) – a puzzle to assemble/arrange cut pieces of a picture together.
  2. articulated (adjective) – (of an idea) expressed, communicated, stated.
  3. white paper (noun) – a government report that informs people concisely about a complex issue.
  4. set out (phrasal verb) – present, describe, detail/explain.
  5. live through (phrasal verb) – survive, undergo (an unpleasant experience or period).
  6. decisive (adjective) – resolute, firm, strong-minded, determined.
  7. turbulence (noun) – turmoil, troubles, disturbance, instability, confusion.
  8. geopolitical (adjective) – relating to (the study of) the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
  9. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  10. state-of-the art (adjective) – modern, advanced/highly developed, sophisticated.
  11. nevertheless (adverb) – in spite of that, even so, however.
  12. sober (adjective) – serious, sensible, thoughtful.
  13. reflection (noun) – serious thought, thinking, consideration, contemplation, deliberation.
  14. expend (verb) – spend, pay out, use up, disburse.
  15. in tune with (phrase) – in disagreement, at odds, at variance.
  16. in the pipeline (phrase) – on the way, in preparation, in the offing, forthcoming.
  17. opportune (adjective) – favorable, advantageous, right.
  18. undertake (verb) – begin, start, embark on, launch into.
  19. lot (noun) – consignment, load, group; a set of items.
  20. maritime (adjective) – of or related to the sea.
  21. on the eve of (phrase) – before a time or (important) event.
  22. spurt (noun) – sudden increase, rise, surge.
  23. anticipate (verb) – expect, foresee, predict.
  24. speculation (noun) – prediction, forecast; opinion, notion.  
  25. rife (adjective) – widespread, general/common, everywhere/prevalent.
  26. profile (noun) – representation, description; depiction, portrayal.
  27. adversary (noun) – rival, enemy, nemesis/opponent.
  28. putative (adjective) – supposed/claimed, commonly regarded, generally considered.
  29. vague (adjective) – imprecise, inexact, unclear, uncertain.
  30. hagiography (noun) – a biography which expresses reverence and respect for its subject.
  31. put something in perspective (phrase) – to compare something with a similar thing to give a clearer, more accurate idea.
  32. motif (noun) – theme, concept, idea.
  33. on record (phrase) – recorded, documented, registered, noted/measured (officially).
  34. teeth (noun) – (genuine) power/effectiveness.
  35. call for (phrasal verb) – require, ask for, necessitate/demand.
  36. axis (noun) – alliance, coalition, bloc.
  37. keep someone in check (phrase) – to keep under control; restrain, hold back.
  38. to begin with (phrase) – at first, at the start, at the outset.
  39. pursue (verb) – engage in, follow, conduct.
  40. revert to (verb) – return, go back, change back.
  41. Tian Xia (noun) – it literally means ‘All under heaven’ in Mandarin language; the traditional/ancient Chinese vision of the world order. In ancient China, Tian xia denoted the lands, space and areas patronaged by one emperor who was appointed by well-defined principles of order.
  42. assertive (adjective) – dominant, authoritative, decisive.
  43. assertiveness (noun) – self-confidence; decisiveness, dominance, authoritativeness.
  44. nine-dash lines (noun) – the first island chain; The ‘nine-dash line’ stretches hundreds of kilometers south and east of its southerly Hainan Island, covering the strategic Paracel and Spratly island chains. China buttresses its claims by citing 2,000 years of history when the two island chains were regarded as its integral parts. The line could be read as a maximalist claim to sovereignty and control over all of the features, land, water, and seabed within the area bounded by the nine-dash lines.
  45. island chain (noun) – a geographical security concept used to illustrate a defensive or offensive perimeter by linking islands and other larger land masses together.
  46. unwilling (adjective) – reluctant, disinclined, unenthusiastic.
  47. compromise (noun) – agreement, understanding, settlement.
  48. adhere to (verb) – abide by, stick to, hold to, comply with.
  49. perception (noun) – understanding, discernment, recognition/realization; interpretation.
  50. Sino-centric (adjective) – relating to the ideology that China is the cultural, political or economic center of the world.
  51. notwithstanding (preposition) – in spite of, despite, regardless of that.
  52. come up with (phrasal verb) – produce, devise, propose.
  53. colour (verb) – influence, affect, distort.
  54. lethal (adjective) – fatal, deadly, life-threatening. 
  55. shrink (verb) – lessen, reduce, decrease.
  56. confront (verb) – trouble, bother, distress.
  57. subscribe to (verb) – agree with, be in agreement with, support/endorse.
  58. frailty (noun) – susceptibility, impressionability, vulnerability.
  59. achilles heel (noun) – weak spot/point, weakness, defect/fault/flaw.
  60. confrontation (noun) – conflict, fight, face-off.
  61. conflict-prone (adjective) – vulnerable/susceptible to conflict.
  62. peddling (noun) – an act of promoting an idea extensively.
  63. school of thought (phrase) – a specific way of thinking.
  64. heft (noun) – influence, weight-age, power/strength.
  65. espouse (verb) – adopt, embrace; support/endorse (a cause).
  66. vexed (adjective) – annoyed, irritated, furious.
  67. subliminal (adjective) – subconscious, unconscious, hidden.
  68. intrude (verb) – encroach, impinge, trespass, infringe.
  69. concentric (adjective) – relating to the things which are having a center in common.
  70. paradigm (noun) – model, pattern/example; world view.
  71. leave aside (phrasal verb) – neglect, ignore, snub/brush off.
  72. artificial intelligence (noun) – an area of computer science that deals with giving machines the ability to seem like they have human intelligence (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  73. blacklist (verb) – put on blacklist, ignore/avoid.
  74. counter-productive (adjective) – harmful, damaging, dangerous/destructive.
  75. avenue (noun) – way/path, approach/direction, method.
  76. underscore (verb) – underline, emphasize, highlight.
  77. pointer (noun) – indication, hint, signal.
  78. equilibrium (noun) – balance, symmetry, parity/equality.
  79. adversely (adverb) – unfavourably, disadvantageously, badly.
  80. imperative (noun) – duty, obligation; urgent thing, necessary requirement.
  81. strain (noun) – pressure, stressdemand/burden.
  82. exploit (verb) – take advantage of, make use of, utilize.
  83. lay/put stress on (phrase) – to give special importance to; to provide special attention to.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The missing piece in India’s defence jigsaw puzzle) – Feb 20, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (The missing piece in India’s defence jigsaw puzzle) – Feb 20, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (The missing piece in India’s defence jigsaw puzzle) – Feb 20, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (The missing piece in India’s defence jigsaw puzzle) – Feb 20, 2020

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