The Hindu Lead Article (The Kashmir outreach and the Afghan storm) – Jun 24, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (The Kashmir outreach and the Afghan storm) – Jun 24, 2021

Two years after its dramatic decision to reorganise Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), the Government appears to be rethinking some of the objectives it announced then as Prime Minister Narendra Modi… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The Kashmir outreach and the Afghan storm) – Jun 24, 2021:

  1. outreach (noun) – the level of reaching out/activity/effort; involvement.
  2. storm (noun) – trouble, disturbance, controversy.
  3. interest (noun) – concern.
  4. erstwhile (adjective) – old, previous, former, then.
  5. speak of (phrasal verb) – mention, talk about, discuss, refer to.
  6. Article 370 of Indian Constitution (noun) – It had “temporary provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir” which gave special powers to the state. The article allowed the state a certain amount of autonomy – its own constitution, a separate flag and freedom to make laws. Foreign affairs, defence and communications remained the preserve (domain) of the central government. It also allowed Jammu and Kashmir to make its own rules relating to permanent residency, ownership of property and fundamental rights. It did also bar Indians from outside the state from purchasing property or settling there.
  7. flood (verb) – swamp, oversupply, overfill, overload, overwhelm.
  8. dynasty (noun) – a family, bloodline; line of rulers.
  9. take/hold hostage (phrase) – to keep someone as a hostage.
  10. polity (noun) – a politically organized society.
  11. above all (phrase) – most importantly, primarily, essentially.
  12. underline (verb) – emphasize,  highlight, accentuate, call attention to, draw attention to, focus on.
  13. nuance (noun) – fine distinction, subtle difference/subtlety/nicety, subtle variation.
  14. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  15. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  16. make headway (phrase) – make progress, advance, proceed, get ahead.
  17. at the cost of (phrase) – by sacrificing/losing/giving up something.
  18. privation (noun) – deprivation, hardship, poverty, destitution, impoverishment.
  19. shutdown (noun) – closure of a (complete) system; closing down, winding up.
  20. deployment (noun) – the bringing of resources into effective action.
  21. plight (noun) – difficult situation, trouble/difficulty, quandary.
  22. intimidation (noun) – frightening, terrifying, threatening, alarming, daunting.
  23. lasting (adjective) – long-lasting, continuing, long-term, permanent.
  24. flounder (verb) – struggle financially, have difficulty, face financial ruin, be in difficulties, be in dire straits.
  25. memoranda/memorandum (noun) – a written message; message, communication, letter.
  26. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  27. proposition (noun) – premise, idea, statement.
  28. in the face of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of; when confronted with.
  29. aggression (noun) – hostility, belligerence, combativeness, warmongering, hawkishness.
  30. Line of Actual Control (LAC) (noun) – the de-facto (effective) border between India and China. The LAC is a 4,057-km border running through three areas-Western (Ladakh, Ladakh (Kashmir)), middle (Uttarakhand, Himachal), and eastern (Sikkim, Arunachal).
  31. status quo ante (phrase) – a Latin phrase meaning “the state of affairs existing before” (or) “the way things were before”.
  32. (be) couple with (verb) – combine, integrate, connect, incorporate, link.
  33. perception (noun) – understanding, discernment, recognition/realization; interpretation.
  34. articulate (verb) – announce, express, pronounce, point out.
  35. account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, comprise, form, represent.
  36. two-front situation/challenge (noun) – two-front situation//challenge is something in which attack takes place on two geographically separate fronts.
  37. Line of Control (LoC) (noun) – it is a 450 mile-long military control line lying between India and Pakistan’s controlled parts of the former (under the British) Jammu and Kashmir. This line is not actually a legally recognized international boundary but prevails as per de facto. After the Simla Agreement signed in July 1972, this line was officially renamed as “Line of Control” from “the Cease-fire Line”.
  38. vice versa (adverb) – conversely, oppositely, inversely.
  39. countenance (verb) – tolerate, permit, agree, admit (as acceptable).
  40. manoeuvre (noun) – activity, plan/operation, stratagem, tactic (carefully planned).
  41. proximity (noun) – nearness, presence, closeness (in a relationship).
  42. pullout (noun) – departure, withdrawal, retreat, disengagement, exit.
  43. add to (phrasal verb) – increase, amplify, intensify.
  44. calculus (noun) – calculation, estimation, reasoning.
  45. derisively (adverb) – mockingly, teasingly.
  46. Gupkar Gang (noun) – all-party representatives who met in a meeting on August 4, 2019 at the Gupkar residence of NC president Farooq Abdullah.
  47. Gupkar Declaration (noun) – it is a resolution issued after an all-party meeting on August 4, 2019 at the Gupkar residence of NC president Farooq Abdullah. They vowed to fight collectively for the restoration of Jammu and Kashmir’s special status as guaranteed by the constitution under Article 370.
  48. sideline (verb) – remove from the centre of activity.
  49. District Development Councils (DDC) (noun) – The District Development Councils (DDCs) are set to become a new unit of governance in Jammu and Kashmir. A legislation to this effect was brought in by the Ministry of Home Affairs on October 16 through an amendment to the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989. This structure will include a DDC and a District Planning Committee (DPC). The DDCs will have elected representatives from each district. The term of the DDC will be five years, and the electoral process will allow for reservations for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women. The Additional District Development Commissioner (or the Additional DC) of the district shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the District Development Council.
  50. diplomat (noun) – ambassador, envoy, emissary, consul.
  51. hardly (adverb) – barely, almost not.
  52. assertion (noun) – declaration, statement, announcement, claim, affirmation.
  53. put something to the test (phrase) – to find out how strong/effective something is.
  54. exertion (noun) – use, application, utilization (of force/influence).
  55. The U.S Congress (noun) – legislative assembly, parliament; The United States Congress is the bicameral (two chambers) legislature of the federal government of the United States, and consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.
  56. nordic countries (noun) – The Nordic countries are generally considered to refer to Denmark, Norway, Sweden (scandinavian countries), Finland and Iceland including Greenland, Faroe Islands and the Åland Islands.
  57. delegation (noun) – a body of representatives on a diplomatic mission.
  58. parliamentarian (noun) – a member of a parliament.
  59. ambassador (noun) – envoy, diplomat, consul.
  60. escort (verb) – accompany, take, go out with.
  61. Valley (noun) – a low area between hills or mountains typically with a river running through it. Valley is a metonym of Jammu & Kashmir in this context (Metonym is used as an alternative for something else with which it is closely related/associated).
  62. elicit (verb) – obtain, bring out, prompt, generate.
  63. ironic (adjective) – strange, unexpected, odd, paradoxical.
  64. even so (phrase) – anyway, however, in spite of that.
  65. UN Security Council (UNSC) (noun) – it is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with ensuring international peace and security. 
  66. dialogue (noun) – discussion, conversation, talk, exchange of views, discourse.
  67. galling (adjective) – annoying, irritating, vexing, disturbing, frustrating, displeasing, humiliating.
  68. notion (noun) – idea, belief, opinion, view.
  69. reversal (noun) – overriding, overruling, cancellation, repeal.
  70. downgrade (verb) – lower in status/rank/importance, demote.
  71. make clear (phrase) – explain, clarify, elucidate.
  72. backchannel (noun) – a secondary or secret route.
  73. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  74. climb down (phrasal verb) – withdraw/retreat; back down, back-pedal, change one’s mind.
  75. plebiscite (noun) – public vote, ballot, popular vote.
  76. resolution (noun) – solution, settlement.
  77. proffer (verb) – offer, tender, give.
  78. roadmap (noun) – plan/strategy to do something successfully.
  79. insistence (noun) – demand, requirement, request.
  80. turnaround (noun) – an unexpected change.
  81. downturn (noun) – setbacks, blows, upsets.
  82. Pakistan-backed (adjective) – supported by Pakistan.
  83. softening (noun) – decrease, reduction, lessening, moderation.
  84. rhetoric (noun) – the art of speaking or writing effectively & persuasively or impressively (but, often lacking substance); bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  85. borne out past participle of bear out (phrasal verb) – confirm, validate, vindicate, justify/support (a claim).
  86. sustained (adjective) – continuous, constant, steady.
  87. blacklist (verb) – put on a list of countries which the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) judges to be non-cooperative in the global fight against money laundering and terrorist financing.
  88. blacklist (noun) – a list of countries which the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) judges to be non-cooperative in the global fight against money laundering and terrorist financing.
  89. Financial Action Task Force (FATF) (noun) – The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is the global money laundering and terrorist financing watchdog. The inter-governmental body sets international standards that aim to prevent these illegal activities and the harm they cause to society.
  90. compromise (noun) – agreement, understanding, settlement, accommodation.
  91. hawkish (adjective) – aggressive, combative, belligerent.
  92. the establishment (noun) – the powers that be, the authorities, the system, the ruling class, the regime.
  93. nudge (noun) – push, prod, reminder, encouragement, prompt.
  94. envoy (noun) – diplomat, consul, ambassador; representative, delegate, mediator.
  95. mediation (noun) – conciliation, arbitration, intervention/negotiation.
  96. disclosure (noun) – revelation, report, declaration, announcement.
  97. matrix (noun) – template, pattern, frame/form.
  98. shut down (phrasal verb) – cease activity, close down, cease operation.
  99. consulate (noun) – the diplomatic office building in a foreign country where the ambassador/consul & team live and work; embassy, mission.
  100. geopolitical (adjective) – relating to (the study of) the geographical factors (a country’s position on the earth, size, climate, and natural resources &, etc.) in world politics and inter-state relations.
  101. context (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
  102. drumbeat (noun) – forceful pushing (for a cause).
  103. confrontation (noun) – clash, conflict, encounter.
  104. The Indo-Pacific (region) (noun) – the Indo-Pacific region refers to the confluence (convergence) of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, which interconnect in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, and more).
  105. commensurate (adjective) – equivalent, equal, corresponding, comparable, proportionate, proportional; consistent with, according to.
  106. sever (verb) – cut, cut off, chop off, split.
  107. sever/cut the Gordian knot (phrase) – solve an extremely difficult problem forcefully/directly/decisively.
  108. draw (verb) – proceed, progress,
  109. dominoes game (noun) – a family of tile-based games played with gaming pieces, commonly known as dominoes. Dominoes are small, flat, rectangular-shaped game pieces (made up of wood, plastic, stone). Like a playing card, a domino has a face and a back. The face of each tile is divided by a line across the center separating the piece into two square halves. Numbers are represented in each half by spots, commonly called pips, or the absence of spots, which represents zero. In many domino games, a line of tiles is formed on the table as players make their plays, usually, but not always, by matching the pips on the open end of the domino. This formation of tiles is called the line of play.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The Kashmir outreach and the Afghan storm) – Jun 24, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (The Kashmir outreach and the Afghan storm) – Jun 24, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The Kashmir outreach and the Afghan storm) – Jun 24, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The Kashmir outreach and the Afghan storm) – Jun 24, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The Kashmir outreach and the Afghan storm) – Jun 24, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The Kashmir outreach and the Afghan storm) – Jun 24, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The Kashmir outreach and the Afghan storm) – Jun 24, 2021

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