The Hindu Lead Article (The Election Commission of India cannot be a super government) – Apr 19, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (The Election Commission of India cannot be a super government) – Apr 19, 2021

Elections bring the Election Commission of India (ECI) into sharp focus as this constitutional body superintends, directs and controls the conduct of elections. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The Election Commission of India cannot be a super government) – Apr 19, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The Election Commission of India cannot be a super government) – Apr 19, 2021:

  1. constitutional body (noun) – a national institute established by that country’s constitution.
  2. superintend (verb) – supervise, oversee, be in charge of, administer.
  3. hold (verb) – conduct, organize, preside over.
  4. come on the scene (phrase) – appear, arrive.
  5. Article 324 of the Constitution (noun) – It provides that the power of superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of the electoral rolls for, and the conduct of, all elections to Parliament and to the Legislature of every State and of elections to the offices of President and Vice-President held under this Constitution shall be vested in a Commission (referred to in this Constitution as the Election Commission).
  6. discipline (verb) – punish, penalize, take disciplinary action against.
  7. recalcitrant (adjective) – non-compliant, uncooperative, wilfully disobedient.
  8. birthright (noun) – moral right.
  9. rig (verb) – manipulate/conduct something fraudulently, particularly elections.
  10. legislative (adjective) – relating to legislation; involving or relating to the process of making and passing laws.
  11. hold (verb) – decide, rule.
  12. plenary (adjective) – absolute, complete, unconditional, unrestricted, unqualified.
  13. (be) vested in (verb) – confer on, grant to, give to, entrust to.
  14. object (noun) – purpose, objective, aim, goal.
  15. reaffirm (verb) – assert, state, assure again strongly.
  16. fortify (verb) – strengthen, reinforce, bolster.
  17. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  18. model code of conduct (MCC) (noun) – a set of guidelines meant for political parties, candidates and governments to adhere to during an election.
  19. code of conduct (noun) – a set of rules outlining the norms, rules, and responsibilities or proper practices of an individual party or an organisation.
  20. adhere to (verb) – abide by, follow, obey, comply with.
  21. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  22. refine (verb) – improve, revise, fine-tune.
  23. enforce (verb) – make something mandatory, necessitate, impose.
  24. regulate (verb) – supervise, oversee, superintend.
  25. be clothed with (verb) – provide, furnish, confer.
  26. besides (preposition/linking adverb) – in addition to, as well, apart from.
  27. from time to time (phrase) – sometimes, occasionally, now and again.
  28. a host of (noun) – a lot, large number, great quantity.
  29. crop up (phrasal verb) – happen, occur, arise, arrive, surface.
  30. in the course of (phrase) – during, in the process of, in the time of.
  31. stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
  32. considerable (adjective) – substantial, significant, much.
  33. as well as (phrase) – and also, and in addition.
  34. frame (verb) – formulate, plan, devise, work out.
  35. backing (noun) – support, help, assistance.
  36. the Representation of the People Act 1951 (noun) – An Act to provide for the conduct of elections to the Houses of Parliament and to the House or Houses of the Legislature of each State, the qualifications and disqualifications for membership of those Houses, the corrupt practices and other offences at or in connection with such elections and the decision of doubts and disputes arising out of or in connection with such elections.
  37. ground (noun) – reason, factor, basis, rationale, premise.
  38. sound (adjective) – reliable, dependable, sensible, good.
  39. point of view (noun) – opinion, view, viewpoint, standpoint.
  40. enforceability (noun) – executability, implementability, enforcement.
  41. Paragraph 16A of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968 (noun) – It says that the ECI may suspend or withdraw recognition of a recognised political party if it refuses to observe the model code of conduct.
  42. the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968 (noun) – An order to provide for specification, reservation, choice and allotment of symbols at elections in Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies, for the recognition of political parties in relation thereto and for matters connected therewith.
  43. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, requirement, condition.
  44. sustainable (adjective) – reasonable, sensible, well-founded (without disturbing the balance of nature and then without exhausting all of the natural resources).
  45. resort to (verb) – use, utilize, turn to, have recourse to.
  46. punitive (adjective) – disciplinary, corrective, retributive.
  47. abrupt (adjective) – sudden, immediate, unexpected.
  48. apparently (adverb) – seemingly, evidently, it appears that; supposedly.
  49. adversely (adverb) – unfavourably, disadvantageously, badly.
  50. jurisdiction (noun) – authority, control, power.
  51. exercise (noun) – use.
  52. untrammelled (adjective) – uncontrolled, unconstrained, unrestricted.
  53. concurrence (noun) – agreement, acceptance, approval.
  54. bring/come to a grinding halt (phrase) – (referring to an activity in a situation) becomes inactive slowly and then stops completely.
  55. abruptly (adverb) – suddenly, unexpectedly.
  56. abundantly (adverb) – significantly, distinctly, extremely.
  57. bound to (adjective) – obligated, obliged, under obligation, compelled, required, duty-bound, constrained.
  58. in accordance with (phrase) – in agreement with, in conformity with, in line with, in compliance with.
  59. Article 309 of the Constitution (noun) – Recruitment and conditions of service of persons serving the Union or a State Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Acts of the appropriate Legislature may regulate the recruitment, and conditions of service of persons appointed, to public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or of any State.
  60. bypass (verb) – circumvent, avoid, dodge.
  61. swing (verb) – change, alter, vary.
  62. in favour of (phrase) – in support of, to the advantage of, approve of.
  63. naive (adjective) – inexperienced, immature.
  64. reflect (verb) – indicate, show, reveal, exhibit.
  65. lack of (noun) – absence, deficiency, scarcity.
  66. efficacy (noun) – effectiveness, efficiency, power/ability to give estimated results.
  67. campaign (noun) – canvassing, electioneering, an act of soliciting (asking for/requesting) votes.
  68. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  69. provision (noun) – supplying, providing, supply/delivery, furnishing, giving, allocation, distribution.
  70. ad hoc (adjective) – relating to something needed/necessary to be done after an unpleasant/bad thing happened; emergency, makeshift, improvised, impromptu, unprepared.
  71. pulses (noun) – pulses are the term used for edible dry peas, beans, lentils and chickpeas & etc.
  72. case in point (phrase) – example, instance, typical case, sample.
  73. arise out (verb) – result, occur, stem (from).
  74. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  75. household (noun) – family, house.
  76. boil down to (phrasal verb) – come down to, amount to, be in essence, comprise, add up to.
  77. welfare (noun) – a government program that provides (financial) assistance to individuals and families in need; social security, public assistance.
  78. stave off (phrasal verb) – avert, prevent, avoid, rule out.
  79. starvation (noun) – extreme hunger, lack of food, famine, undernourishment/malnourishment.
  80. malpractice (noun) – misconduct, wrongdoing, unethical behaviour, unprofessionalism.
  81. Section 123 (2)(b) of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (noun) – It says that declaration of a public policy or the exercise of a legal right will not be regarded as interfering with the free exercise of the electoral right.
  82. insightful (adjective) – wise, sensitive, profound, thoughtful.
  83. arbitrary (adjective) – absolute, uncontrolled, unlimited, unrestrained.
  84. arm with (verb) – provide, give, confer.
  85. man (verb) – occupy, work.
  86. (be) wedded to (verb) – dedicated to, attached to, fixated on.
  87. ideology (noun) – a system of belief, set of principles.
  88. odd (adjective) – unusual, strange, uncommon.
  89. havoc (noun) – destruction, damage, disaster.
  90. bring about (phrasal verb) – cause, create, produce, give rise to.
  91. constitutional crisis (noun) – it is defined as a situation when a country’s constitution is not able to clearly resolve an issue/problem/conflict in the function of a Government at it’s disposal.
  92. set at naught (phrase) – disregard, defy, refuse or disdain.
  93. integrity (noun) – honesty, uprightness, morality, probity.
  94. indispensable (adjective) – essential, necessary, needed/required; significant, important.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The Election Commission of India cannot be a super government) – Apr 19, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (The Election Commission of India cannot be a super government) – Apr 19, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The Election Commission of India cannot be a super government) – Apr 19, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The Election Commission of India cannot be a super government) – Apr 19, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The Election Commission of India cannot be a super government) – Apr 19, 2021

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