The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021

Russian President Vladimir Putin has recently asserted that both the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, and the Chinese President, Xi Jinping, are “responsible” enough to solve issues between their countries,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021:

  1. comrade (noun) – companion, friend; colleague, fellow.
  2. divergent (adjective) – different, differing, varying, contradictory.
  3. perspective (noun) – outlook, viewpoint, approach.
  4. uncritical (adjective) – unreasoned, unconsidered, unthinking, mindless, indiscriminate, unsuspecting.
  5. advocacy (noun) – support, endorsement, backing, approval.
  6. confound (verb) – baffle, puzzle, perplex, bewilder, mystify, confuse.
  7. underline (verb) – emphasize, underscore, highlight.
  8. debar (verb) – prevent, prohibit, proscribe, disallow, ban.
  9. interfere (verb) – intervene in, get involved in, encroach on, impinge on, meddle in.
  10. implications (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  11. far-reaching (adjective) – widespread, sweeping, overarching, extensive, profound, comprehensive.
  12. ignominiously (adverb) – humiliatingly, undignifiedly, embarrassingly, shamefully, disgracefully.
  13. give up (phrasal verb) – give in, surrender, capitulate, stop trying, forgo, relinquish, renounce.
  14. reverse (verb) – change, alter.
  15. encroachment (noun) – intrusion into, trespass on, invasion of. 
  16. blind (adjective) – unmindful of, mindless of, careless/heedless of, insensible to, unconcerned about.
  17. aggressiveness (noun) – hostile or warlike behaviour.
  18. unremitting (adjective) – relentless, constant, continuous.
  19. undermine (verb) – weaken, subvert, sabotage, damage.
  20. isolation (noun) – separation, segregation, setting apart.
  21. impotence (noun) – helplessness, inability, incapability.  
  22. affairs (noun) – concerns, matters, activities, responsibility, interest.
  23. Quad/Quadrilateral (noun) – The ‘Quadrilateral’ is described as four democracies (the United States, Japan, Australia and India) with a shared objective to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region.
  24. reinforce (verb) – support, strengthen, fortify, bolster up, underpin.
  25. influence (noun) – power, authority, sway, control, leverage, weight.
  26. The Indo-Pacific region (noun) – the Indo-Pacific region refers to the confluence (convergence) of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, which interconnect in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, and more).
  27. assertion (noun) – declaration, statement, announcement, claim, affirmation.
  28. extension (noun) – wideningenhancement, development, continuation.
  29. ambassador (noun) – representative, promoter, campaigner (of a particular activity).
  30. look at (phrasal verb) – analyse, review, appraise, explore.
  31. revive (verb) – reintroduce, re-establish, regenerate, reinstitute, bring back.
  32. cold war (noun) – a state of political and military tension between two countries, especially superpowers (i.e. the U.S. and China).
  33. the Cold War (noun) – The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States and a group of countries) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and a group of countries).
  34. acerbically (adverb) – sharply, sarcastically, hurtfully, harshly.
  35. lash out (phrasal verb) – criticize, castigate, censure, attack, condemn, denounce.
  36. notwithstanding (conjunction) – although, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, even though.
  37. cataclysmic (adjective) – disastrous, catastrophic, devastating, destructive.
  38. amicable (adjective) – friendly, good-natured, cooperative, easy-going, polite.
  39. ties (noun) – association, relationship; bond, connection.
  40. ample (adjective) – enough, sufficient, adequate, plenty of. 
  41. prominence (noun) – importance, influence, weight.
  42. construct (noun) – idea. 
  43. in favour of (phrase) – in support of, to the advantage of, approve of.
  44. on the ground (phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically.
  45. simplistic (adjective) – oversimple/oversimplified, superficial.
  46. sagacious (adjective) – wise, thoughtful, sensible.
  47. virtual (adjective) – performing a task with the use of the computer, especially over a network.
  48. counterpart (noun) – someone or something that has the same job or purpose as another; equivalent, equal, fellow.
  49. veto (noun) – a right/power to reject a decision/proposal; rejection, dismissal, denial, ban, prohibition.
  50. counterpoise (noun) – counterweight, counterbalance.
  51. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (noun) – NATO was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union.
  52. geostrategic (adjective) – relating to the strategy of dealing with geopolitical issues.
  53. maritime (adjective) – of or related to the sea.
  54. diplomacy (noun) – international politics, foreign affairs, foreign policy; negotiations, discussions, talks, dialogue (related to international politics).
  55. no longer (phrase) – not anymore.
  56. Malacca Strait (proper noun) – a strategic waterway/channel between Indonesia and Malaysia, an important sea passage linking the Indian Ocean to the South China Sea.
  57. Gulf of Aden (proper noun) – an extension of the Indian Ocean, tucked between the Arabian Peninsula and the African continent. The gulf connects the Red Sea to the Arabian Sea via the Strait of Bab el Mandeb.
  58. diplomatic (adjective) – (delicate & sensitive) consular, foreign-policy.
  59. romance (noun) – relationship, attachment.
  60. touchstone (noun) – criterion, standard, measure, point of reference.
  61. downplay (verb) – play down, underemphasize, understate; make something to look less important/significant.
  62. coercive (adjective) – overbearing, forceful, intimidating, high-handed.
  63. catastrophic (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous.
  64. populist (adjective) – relating to the political approach which claims that it is representing the common/ordinary people.
  65. nationalism (noun) – it refers to a system (with a narrow set of ideas) created by a group of people who believe their nation is superior to all others. It is also a perception of national superiority and an orientation toward national dominance- called chauvinism (excessive nationalism).
  66. amidst (preposition) – amid, in the middle of; during.
  67. bankruptcy (noun) – failure, ruin.
  68. globalisation (noun) – the process of making the trade of goods and services equivalent in all nations (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  69. resolution (noun) – solution, settlement, conclusion, answer.
  70. in the absence of (phrase) – without.
  71. recalcitrant (adjective) – non-compliant, uncooperative, wilfully disobedient.
  72. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  73. disintegration (noun) – breakdown, fragmentation, collapse.
  74. turbulence (noun) – instability, troubles, disturbance, confusion.
  75. bewildered (adjective) – confused, perplexed, puzzled.
  76. erstwhile (adjective) – old, previous, former, then.
  77. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  78. diversify (verb) – vary, bring variety to; modify, alter/change, expand, enlarge.
  79. cast (verb) – arrange, present (in a specified form). 
  80. trilateral (adjective) – involving three nations/parties/groups.
  81. unipolar (adjective) – (in international politics), relating to a distribution of power in which one state (country/person) exercises most of the cultural, economic, and military influence.
  82. leave behind (phrasal verb) – abandon.
  83. bitterness (noun) – resentment, dissatisfaction, discontent.
  84. mistrust (noun) – suspicion, distrust, doubt, misgivings.
  85. proponent (noun) – advocate, supporter, upholder/promoter.
  86. strategic triangle (noun) – a strategic model which focuses on three key major powers. It states that these three powers must be in balance in the form of a strategic triangle. This balance within the Strategic Triangle can lead to sustainable competitive advantage.
  87. dismissive (adjective) – showing disregard, unconcerned, indifferent, disinterested, unenthusiastic.
  88. (be) couple with (verb) – combine, integrate, connect, incorporate, link.
  89. nexus (noun) – connection, link.
  90. rapprochement (noun) – reconciliation, reuniting, restoration of harmony, compromise/understanding.
  91. architecture (noun) – structure, composition, organization.
  92. denounce (verb) – condemn, criticize, attack, censure, reject.
  93. liberalisation (noun) – removal or loosening of restrictions on something, typically an economic or political system.
  94. sophisticated (adjective) – highly developed.
  95. bargaining (power) (noun) – the relative ability of parties in a situation to exert influence over each other.
  96. intensive (adjective) – thorough, in-depth, concentrated, rigorous, concerted, thoroughgoing.
  97. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement, contribution.
  98. strategic partnership (noun) – it is a long-term interaction between two countries based on political, economic, social and historical factors (Courtesy: IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses)).
  99. corollary (noun) – consequence, conclusion/end result, repercussion.
  100. perceived (adjective) – understandable, recognisable, noticeable, distinguishable, observable.
  101. in light of (phrase) – taking into consideration, considering, bearing in mind, in view of.
  102. assertiveness (noun) – forceful behaviour.
  103. hard balancing (noun) – traditional balancing of power using military capabilities and formal military alliances (like NATO).   
  104. soft balancing (noun) – it is not based on any of these military instruments, but instead on institutions, diplomatic coalitions and economic sanctions. 
  105. statecraft (noun) – statesmanship, negotiations/discussions; the skilful management of a country’s public affairs.
  106. toolbox (noun) – the set of procedures/programs.
  107. nevertheless (adverb) – in spite of everything, notwithstanding, regardless, anyway, anyhow, however.
  108. stupendous (adjective) – amazing, extraordinary, impressive.
  109. containment (noun) – limitation, restraining, restriction, restraint.
  110. endorse (verb) – uphold, support, ratify, approve, justify.
  111. self-defeating (adjective) – futile, pointless, useless.
  112. summit (noun) – meeting, conference, conclave (international meeting/conference of heads of state/government).
  113. formalise (verb) – legalize, legitimize, agree to (rules & regulations).
  114. alignment (noun) – alliance, partnership, union/bloc, affiliation.
  115. dynamic (noun) – a system/process distinguished by constant change.
  116. consequential (adjective) – important, significant, major.
  117. immensely (adverb) – extremely, exceedingly, especially.
  118. multilateralism (noun) – a method of coordinating relations between ( a group of) three or more countries.
  119. great-power (noun) – a country that has a great international influence, resources, and military strength.
  120. regime (noun) – government.
  121. arrive at (verb) – attain, reach (a decision).
  122. flawed (adjective) – defective, faulty, distorted, inaccurate.
  123. assessment (noun) – evaluation, appraisal.
  124. Kremlin (noun) – The name “Kremlin” means “fortress inside a city”, and is often also used metonymically to refer to the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation in a similar sense to how “White House” refers to the Executive Office of the President of the United States; Kremlin is a fortified complex in the center of Moscow city. (Metonym is used as an alternative for something else with which it is closely related/associated).
  125. obsessively (adverb) – in an obsessive/ single-minded manner.
  126. rivalry (noun) – opposition, conflict, discord; vying, competition, contention.
  127. inherent (adjective) – implicit, intrinsic, fundamental, basic.
  128. pro- (prefix) – supporting.
  129. aggressive (adjective) – forceful, insistent, vigorous; hawkish, hostile, combative.
  130. normalisation (noun) – the process of bringing something (relationship, ties) back to a normal condition after a war or disagreement.
  131. steer (verb) – guide, conduct, direct/lead.
  132. diminish (verb) – decrease, decline, reduce, dwindle.
  133. propensity (noun) – tendency, inclination, predisposition, readiness.
  134. identity (noun) – individuality, character, originality.
  135. non-alignment (noun) – a term used for an international organization who do not want to officially align themselves with, or against, any major power bloc (group of countries).
  136. subjugation (noun) – domination/control.
  137. hegemony (noun) – leadership, dominance, authority.
  138. sovereignty (noun) – authority, supreme power, control, hegemony, domination.
  139. strategic autonomy (noun) – strategic autonomy is defined as the ability to set priorities and make decisions in matters of foreign policy and security, together with the institutional, political and material wherewithal (resources/funds) to carry these through – in cooperation with third parties, or if need be alone.
  140. Russia, India and China grouping (RIC) (noun) – a grouping acronym referring to the countries of Russia, India, and China and what makes the trilateral (grouping) unique-and important-is the convergence of geography, foreign policy philosophy, and economic ascent within the group.
  141. BRICS countries (plural noun) – the acronym coined to associate five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. The BRICS members are known for their significant influence on regional affairs.
  142. reciprocity (noun) – exchange, trade-off, substitution, reparation.
  143. concession (noun) – compromise, adjustment, modification; acceptance, recognition.
  144. rhetorical (adjective) – relating to the art of speaking or writing effectively & persuasively or impressively (but, often lacking substance); oratorical, overblown, extravagant, bombastic.
  145. material (adjective) – significant, major, important.
  146. bound to (adjective) – certain, sure, very likely, guaranteed.
  147. doom (noun) – destine, fate, condemn (to destruction).
  148. immune (adjective) – resistant, not subject, unsusceptible; unchanged, unaltered, uninfluenced
  149. conventional (adjective) – normal, regular, typical, traditional/standard.
  150. actor (noun) – participants (in an action).
  151. neighbourhood (noun) – (surrounding) area, region, country.
  152. have one’s (own) way (phrase) – to do what one wants to do (despite objection from others).
  153. geopolitics (noun) – the study of the geographical factors (a country’s position on the earth, size, climate, and natural resources & etc,.) in world politics and inter-state relations.
  154. stance (noun) – position, approach, standpoint.
  155. peripheral (adjective) – secondary, subsidiary, minor, unimportant.
  156. backyard (noun) – the territory/area close to a particular country.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (The comrades and their divergent perspectives) – Jun 21, 2021

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