The Hindu Lead Article (The anatomy of a spring ceasefire) – Mar 03, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (The anatomy of a spring ceasefire) – Mar 03, 2021

In the wake of registering 5,130 ceasefire violations in 2020, guns on either side of the Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) fell silent on the intervening night of February 24-25, 2021. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The anatomy of a spring ceasefire) – Mar 03, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The anatomy of a spring ceasefire) – Mar 03, 2021:

  1. anatomy (noun) – analysis, examination, inspection, scrutiny (of the structure/composition of something).
  2. spring (noun) – spring season. (it also means the origin, basis, source, root of something).
  3. ceasefire (noun) – a negotiated agreement that will be accompanied by other associated commitments to de-escalate the fighting; a temporary stoppage of war, truce, armistice.
  4. defuse (verb) – reduce, lessen, diminish.
  5. two-front situation/challenge (noun) – two-front situation//challenge is something in which an attack takes place on two geographically separate fronts.
  6. in the wake of (phrase) – as a result of, in the aftermath of, as a consequence of.
  7. Line of Control (LoC) (noun) – it is a 450 mile-long military control line lying between India and Pakistan’s controlled parts of the former (under the British) Jammu and Kashmir. This line is not actually a legally recognized international boundary but prevails as per de facto. After the Simla Agreement signed in July 1972, this line was officially renamed as “Line of Control” from “the Cease-fire Line”.
  8. trigger (verb) – cause, produce, bring about, prompt.
  9. widespread (adjective) – extensive, general/common, prevalent.
  10. speculation (noun) – prediction, guesswork, opinion/thought.
  11. durability (noun) – permanence, longevity, ability to last, strength. 
  12. implication (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  13. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  14. come as a surprise (phrase) – to make someone feel surprised.
  15. underline (verb) – underscore, emphasize, highlight.
  16. statesman/woman (noun) – senior politician, respected political figure, political leader, national leader. 
  17. run (verb) – manage, govern, administer, oversee, look after.
  18. rhetoric (noun) – the art of speaking or writing effectively & persuasively or impressively (but, often lacking substance); bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  19. more so (phrase) – it means that to a greater degree.
  20. spiral/spin out of control (phrase) – change/move in an uncontrolled way & quickly.
  21. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  22. inherently (adverb) – essentially, fundamentally, basically, primarily, naturally.
  23. escalatory (adjective) – relating to something which makes something else more intense or serious.
  24. highlight (verb) – underline, underscore, emphasize, call attention to.
  25. feeler (noun) – tentative proposal, tentative suggestion.
  26. notwithstanding (conjunction) – although, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, even though.
  27. thaw (noun) – an increase in friendliness.
  28. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement.
  29. prevail over (phrasal verb) – succeed, triumph, be victorious, gain mastery, prove superior.
  30. sic (adverb) – It’s actually a Latin word that means “so” or “thus.” Sic is usually found in brackets. If you want to quote someone or something in your work, and you notice the source material contains a spelling or grammatical error, you use sic to denote the error by placing it right after the mistake. It shows your readers that you didn’t just make a typo.
  31. set the stage for (phrase) – prepare the circumstances for the beginning of something.
  32. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  33. uphold (verb) – confirm, endorse/approve, vindicate/validate.
  34. on the rise (phrase) – increasing.
  35. arguably (adverb) – possibly, conceivably, maybe, potentially.
  36. path-breaking (adjective) – pioneering; innovative.
  37. point of view (noun) – opinion, view, viewpoint, standpoint.
  38. growing (adjective) – increasing.
  39. box in (phrasal verb) – confine, restrain, constrain, trap, fence in, hem in.
  40. inimical (adjective) – hostile, unfriendly, antagonistic.
  41. aggressive (adjective) – hostile, belligerent, bellicose, hawkish, combative.
  42. grandstanding (noun) – a way of speaking or acting to get attention from the spectators (people) and then influencing them.
  43. redeploy (verb) – restructure, change, alter, adjust.
  44. indicative (adjective) – expressive, suggestive, characteristic, representative.
  45. throw up (phrasal verb) – produce something.
  46. reason (verb) – calculate, reckon, think, consider.
  47. candidate (noun) – something considered as suitable for something else.
  48. back channel (noun) – a secondary or secret route.
  49. disengagement (noun) – withdrawal, departure, retreat (of military troops from an area of conflict).
  50. Line of Actual Control (LAC) (noun) – the de-facto (effective) border between India and China. The LAC is a 4,057-km border running through three areas-Western (Ladakh, Ladakh (Kashmir)), middle (Uttarakhand, Himachal) and eastern (Sikkim, Arunachal).
  51. instructive (adjective) – informative, instructional, informational, revealing.
  52. Karachi Agreement, 1949 (noun) – It was signed by the military representatives of India and Pakistan , under the good offices of the United Nations, establishing a cease-fire line in Kashmir following the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. It was the first ceasefire agreement between the two countries.
  53. Ceasefire Line or CFL (noun) – it was the India Pakistan boundary in Kashmir created by the Karachi Agreement, 1949.
  54. United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) (noun) – On 30 March 1951, The UN Security Council, by its resolution 91 decided that UNMOGIP should continue to supervise the ceasefire in Jammu and Kashmir. UNMOGIP’s functions were to observe and report, investigate complaints of ceasefire violations and submit its finding to each party and to the Secretary-General.
  55. mandate (verb) – make mandatory/necessary; require.
  56. status quo ante bellum (phrase) – a Latin phrase meaning “the situation as it existed before the war”. The term was originally used in treaties to refer to the withdrawal of enemy troops and the restoration of prewar leadership.
  57. Tashkent Agreement (noun) – a peace agreement between India and Pakistan signed on 10 January 1966, by India’s prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri (who died the next day) and Pakistan’s president Ayub Khan that resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
  58. unaltered (adjective) – unchanged, uninfluenced, unscathed.
  59. enshrine (verb) – to enclose in, preserve, treasure, protect (as valuable).
  60. Simla Agreement (noun) – The Simla Agreement signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan on 2nd July 1972 was much more than a peace treaty seeking to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. to bring about withdrawals of troops and an exchange of PoWs (PoW-A prisoner of war). It was a comprehensive blueprint (plan) for good neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. Under the Simla Agreement, both countries undertook to abjure (give up) conflict and confrontation which had marred (damaged) relations in the past, and to work towards the establishment of durable (strong & lang-lasting) peace, friendship and cooperation.
  61. The Suchetgarh Agreement of 1972 (noun) – under the Suchetgarh Agreement of 1972 (post the 1971 war), the Ceasefire Line (CFL) got demarcated/delineated and also renamed to Line of Control (LoC).
  62. delineate (verb) – outline, delimit, demarcate.
  63. nomenclature (noun) – terms, a system of names used in a particular field.
  64. irrelevant (adjective) – immaterial, unrelated, not germane, unimportant/insignificant.
  65. cut to the present (phrase) – get/come to the point or present situation (without spending more time on other things)
  66. reiteration (noun) – the process of repeating something (some action) for clarity/emphasis.
  67. observe (verb) – follow, comply with, abide by, obey, adhere to, conform to. 
  68. articulated (adjective) – expressed, communicated.
  69. lay down (phrasal verb) – formulate, insist on, establish, determine.
  70. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, requirement, condition.
  71. overtake (verb) – outdo, surpass, overshadow, eclipse, outshine.
  72. ironically (adverb) – paradoxically, unexpectedly, strangely.
  73. deploy (verb) – use, utilize, employ. 
  74. resort to (verb) – use, utilize, turn to, have recourse to.
  75. stricture (noun) – constraint, restriction, control, impediment/restraint.
  76. long-defunct (adjective) – no longer existing, inoperative, non-functioning (for a long period of time).
  77. arrive at (verb) – attain, reach, accomplish (a conclusion or decision).
  78. break down (phrasal verb) – fail, collapse, founder, fall through, be unsuccessful, disintegrate.
  79. trigger (noun) – cause, reason; an event that causes a particular action/process.
  80. precede (verb) – come/go before, pave the way for, lead to.
  81. vitiated (adjective) – ruined, destroyed, messed up.
  82. atmosphere (noun) – conditions, circumstances, situations.
  83. blessing (noun) – advantage, benefit, boon, godsend.
  84. durable (adjective) – long-lasting, strong, substantial.
  85. discreet (adjective) – careful, circumspect, cautious, close-lipped; delicate, diplomatic, sensible.
  86. parley (noun) – negotiation, talk/dialogue, discussion.
  87. Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) (noun) – the intelligence agency of Pakistan.
  88. Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) (noun) – the foreign intelligence agency of India.
  89. intelligence (noun) – department of intelligence (employed to collect & analyse military information).
  90. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  91. sustained (adjective) – continuous, constant, steady.
  92. interlocutor (noun) – a person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation.
  93. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  94. the mother of all (phrase) – an extreme example of (its kind); an ultimate example of (its kind); the greatest of (its kind); the largest of (its kind).
  95. outstanding (adjective) – pending, to be done.
  96. principally (adverb) – mainly.
  97. piecemeal (adjective) – disorganized, unplanned, unsystematic, unmethodical, step by step.
  98. bilaterally (adverb) – between the two countries involved.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The anatomy of a spring ceasefire) – Mar 03, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (The anatomy of a spring ceasefire) – Mar 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The anatomy of a spring ceasefire) – Mar 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The anatomy of a spring ceasefire) – Mar 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The anatomy of a spring ceasefire) – Mar 03, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The anatomy of a spring ceasefire) – Mar 03, 2021

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