The Hindu Lead Article (The absent programme at the Kerala hustings) – Mar 24, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (The absent programme at the Kerala hustings) – Mar 24, 2021

The two political fronts of Kerala, the Left Democratic Front (LDF) and the United Democratic Front (UDF), have now presented their manifestos to the electorate. They are joined by distributivism,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The absent programme at the Kerala hustings) – Mar 24, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The absent programme at the Kerala hustings) – Mar 24, 2021:

  1. hustings (noun) – election platform/campaign.
  2. rain (noun) – a large quantity/amount of something (coming down like rain).
  3. manifesto (noun) – a publication issued by a political party before a General Election. It contains the set of policies that the party stands for and would wish to implement if elected to govern; (policy) statement, declaration, pronouncement.
  4. wherewithal (noun) – resources, means.
  5. front (noun) – political group.
  6. electorate (noun) – all the people who entitled to vote in an election.
  7. distributivism (noun) – It is also known as Distributism, is an economic theory largely in response to the principles of Social Justice. Its key tenet is that ownership of the means of production should be as widespread as possible rather than being concentrated in the hands of a few owners (Capitalism) or in the hands of state bureaucrats (Socialism).
  8. welfare payment (noun) – social security, state benefit, benefit payment, public assistance.
  9. leave out (phrasal verb) – exclude, omit, miss out.
  10. first off the mark (phrase) – doing something more quickly than anyone else.
  11. enhancement (noun) – increase, improvement.
  12. not to be outdone (phrase) – do something better than another person (and also wish that no one can do the same thing better than you).
  13. payout (noun) – payment, reward.
  14. household (noun) – family, house.
  15. Below Poverty Line (BPL) (noun) – a benchmark used by the government of India to indicate economic disadvantage and to identify individuals and households in need of government assistance and aid.
  16. unsustainable (adjective) – indefensible, undefendable, unjustifiable (pattern/method which disrupts the balance and then exhausts all of resources).
  17. scepticism (noun) – doubt, suspicion/mistrust, wariness, lack of conviction.
  18. debt (noun) – liability, financial obligation, borrowed capital.
  19. government debt/public debt/sovereign debt (noun) – it represents the total outstanding debt of a central/state government.
  20. per capita (adverb & adjective) – per person, for each, individually.
  21. mobilisation (noun) – the act of bringing forces/people/resources together for a particular cause.
  22. public expenditure/spending or government expenditure/spending (noun) – money spent by the government.
  23. profession (noun) – a group of people involved in a particular profession.
  24. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  25. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  26. ought (not) to (modal verb) – must (not), should (not).
  27. hold back (phrasal verb) – stop, discontinue, withhold; restrict, restrain, block.
  28. aid (verb) – facilitate, help, assist.
  29. elevate (verb) – raise, lift up (to a higher position/level).
  30. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  31. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  32. inter- (prefix) – between.
  33. incur (verb) – bring upon oneself, to become liable, accept liability or responsibility for the debt acquired.
  34. trivial (adjective) – unimportant, superficial, insignificant.
  35. undertake (verb) – take up, accept; begin, start.
  36. leave behind (phrasal verb) – to leave a trace of something.
  37. unconscionable (adjective) – unethical, immoral, unprincipled, wrong.
  38. blanket (adjective) – overall, total, complete, extensive, outright, widespread.
  39. turn in (phrasal verb) – provide something to someone (in power).
  40. surplus (noun) – excess, oversupply, overabundance.
  41. consideration (noun) – factor, issue, point, aspect, element.
  42. sceptical (adjective) – doubtful, distrustful, disappointed.
  43. Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIIFB) (noun) – Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIIFB) was established as the principal funding arm of the Government of Kerala on 11.11.1999 by the Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Act 1999 (Act 4 of 2000). The objective of KIIFB is to channelize funds for critical and large public infrastructure projects in Kerala.
  44. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  45. due diligence (noun) – reasonable, careful assessment/investigation done in advance.
  46. viability (noun) – ability, practicality, feasibility (to work successfully).
  47. financial viability (noun) – the ability of an entity/organisation to continue to achieve its operating objectives and fulfill its mission over the long term.
  48. obligation (noun) – duty, responsibility, commitment.
  49. lay (verb) – organize, frame, think up, formulate.
  50. in particular (phrase) – to be specific, especially, specifically.
  51. forecast (noun) – prediction, indication, projection, prognosis, speculation, calculation (of future events or trends).
  52. stream (noun) – series, string, chain.
  53. on the table (noun) – put forward/presented for discussion.
  54. welfarism (noun) – the principles/policies of a welfare state.
  55. well-being (noun) – healthy state/condition.
  56. enable (verb) – permit, allow, facilitate.
  57. legitimate (adjective) – valid, reasonable, reliable.
  58. aspiration (noun) – aim, ambition, goal, target, objective.
  59. far from (phrase) – not, not at all.
  60. speak of (phrasal verb) – mention, talk about, discuss, refer to.
  61. Great Depression (noun) – a worldwide economic depression that started in 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s (almost for 10 years until about 1939). Although it originated in the United States, the Great Depression caused drastic declines in output, severe unemployment, and acute deflation in almost every country of the world.
  62. fruition (noun) – realization, achievement, accomplishment/completion.
  63. provision (noun) – supplying, providing, supply/delivery, furnishing, giving, allocation, distribution.
  64. underlie (verb) – be fundamental, be basic, be essential.
  65. signify (verb) – be evidence of, be a sign of, mark, signal, indicate, announce.
  66. sort of (phrase) – to some extent, somewhat, somehow, slightly.
  67. munificence (noun) – the quality of being extremely generous (with money); generosity, bountifulness, magnanimity, open-handedness, big-heartedness.
  68. National Health Service (NHS) (noun) – a government-funded public service health care system of the United Kingdom (UK).
  69. envy (noun) – desire, jealousy, covetousness, bitterness/resentment.
  70. dare (verb) – challenge someone to do something.
  71. move on (phrasal verb) – leave & start doing something new.
  72. out of pocket payments (OOPs) (phrase) – OOPs are defined as direct payments made by individuals to health care providers at the time of service use.
  73. due to (phrase) – because of, owing to, on account of, as a result of.
  74. ascertain (verb) – find out, understand, recognize, get to know.
  75. as far as – is concerned (phrase) – with regard to a particular person or situation.
  76. schooling (noun) – education, teaching, pedagogy (at school).
  77. inflexible (adjective) – unyielding, firm, resolute, uncompromising.
  78. shoddy (adjective) – poor-quality/inferior, careless, improper.
  79. temptation (noun) – appeal, allure, attraction, fascination; desire, urge, impulse/inclination.
  80. hand out (phrasal verb) – give out, issue, provide.
  81. will (noun) – desire, wish, preference, intention.
  82. mobilise (verb) – bring (resources) into use for a particular purpose/cause.
  83. meagre (adjective) – small, little, paltry, inadequate/deficient.
  84. end up (phrasal verb) – come/appear, find oneself (to a particular course of action in the end).
  85. thin (adjective) – inadequate, insufficient, insubstantial.
  86. fiscal (adjective) – financial.
  87. debt trap (noun) – a situation which causes a damaging cycle of borrowing when someone cannot repay their debts on schedule.
  88. Herculean (adjective) – arduous, laborious, strenuous, difficult, formidable, hard, tough.
  89. welfare state (noun) – a form of government in which the state protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of the citizens, based upon the principles of equal opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for citizens unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. A system wherein the government agrees to underwrite certain levels of employment, income, education, medical, social security and housing for all its citizens.
  90. forthcoming (adjective) – impending, coming, approaching, nearing.
  91. enormity (noun) – immensity, vastness, massiveness, hugeness, seriousness.
  92. put something in perspective (phrase) – to assess the true value/importance of something.
  93. Legislative Assembly (noun) – Vidhan Sabha; Legislative Assembly is the lower house, much like the Lok Sabha of the Parliament. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people through assembly elections. The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years (unless it is dissolved earlier). A member of a legislative Assembly is referred to as an MLA.
  94. broaden (adjective) – expand, enlarge, extend, widen.
  95. tax net (noun) – the system for ensuring that people and firms pay their taxes.
  96. fall short of (phrase) – fail to meet/reach; be deficient/inadequate/insufficient.
  97. welfarist (adjective) – relating to the principles connected with the welfare state.
  98. reluctant (adjective) – unwilling, disinclined, unenthusiastic.
  99. skew (verb) – cause to be asymmetrical, unevenly balanced, unequal.
  100. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, mention, indicate, draw attention to.
  101. derive (verb) – obtain, get.
  102. levy (noun) – imposition, charging, collection (of a tax, fee, fine).
  103. imply (verb) – say indirectly, suggest, indicate.
  104. working class (noun) – blue-collar workers, common labourer, factory labourer.
  105. disproportionately (adverb) – inordinately, immoderately, excessively.
  106. equity (noun as modifier) – fairness/justness, neutrality, impartiality, lack of discrimination, egalitarianism.
  107. buoyancy (noun) – vigour/strength, high level of activity, growth.
  108. conspicuous (adjective) – clearly visible, noticeable, discernible/perceivable.
  109. rampant (adjective) – widespread, present everywhere/pervasive, unrestrained/out of control.
  110. steeply (adverb) – sharply.
  111. progressive (adjective) – forward-looking, forward-thinking, dynamic, advanced.
  112. taxation (noun) – the act of levying or imposing a tax by a government/the taxing authority.
  113. stand out (phrasal verb) – be noticeable, be visible, be obvious.
  114. conspicuous by one’s absence/silence (phrase) – noticeably not present where one should be.
  115. hallmark (noun) – distinctive feature, indication, sure sign.
  116. socialism (noun) – it’s a state-controlled economy in which the state controls the means of production: factories, offices, resources, and firms. Since the government controls almost all of society’s functions, it can make better use of resources, labors, and lands.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.  
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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (The absent programme at the Kerala hustings) – Mar 24, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (The absent programme at the Kerala hustings) – Mar 24, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The absent programme at the Kerala hustings) – Mar 24, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The absent programme at the Kerala hustings) – Mar 24, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The absent programme at the Kerala hustings) – Mar 24, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (The absent programme at the Kerala hustings) – Mar 24, 2021

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