The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021

Though every State (and one Union Territory) of India that will have Assembly elections this year represents a uniquely eclectic matrix of power across the contesting parties and challenges to status quo,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021:

  1. tectonic (adjective) – very important, significant, substantial/considerable, big/major (change/shift/development that will have a strong, global impact all over the place.
  2. turbulence (noun) – instability, troubles, disturbance, confusion.
  3. vacuum (noun) – gap, space, absence, lack/deficiency of something.
  4. open up (phrasal verb) – create (a new opportunity or possibility).
  5. eclectic (adjective) – wide-ranging/extensive, comprehensive, many-sided.
  6. matrix (noun) – template, pattern, frame/form.
  7. status quo (noun) – the present situation, the current state, the existing state of affairs.
  8. sea change (noun) – a significant change, transformation/evolution, reorganization; reversal of policy, change of mind/plan.
  9. ground reality (noun) – practical condition/situation.
  10. sweep (verb) – affect (an area) quickly and completely.
  11. landscape (noun) – the distinctive features of a field of activity.
  12. fray (noun) – competition, contest.
  13. sans (preposition) – without, minus, devoid of.
  14. towering (adjective) – outstanding, pre-eminent, leading, foremost, distinguished, prominent.
  15. passing (noun) – death, demise, passing away.
  16. hustings (noun) – election platform/campaign.
  17. template (noun) – model, pattern, blueprint.
  18. in terms of (phrase) – with regard to, regarding/concerning, in connection with.
  19. autocratic (adjective) – undemocratic, totalitarian/authoritarian, tyrannical.
  20. cadre (noun) – members of a group.
  21. instructive (adjective) – informative, instructional, informational, explanatory, telling, revealing.
  22. vector (noun) – a quantity that has magnitude and direction.
  23. inheritance (noun) – the passing on of something (traits, properties, etc,.) from parents to their offspring; legacy, bequest, endowment.
  24. dramatic (adjective) – considerable, substantial, appreciable, significant.
  25. duly (adverb) – properly, correctly, rightly, appropriately, suitably.
  26. anointed (adjective) – selected, nominated, chosen (as successor/next in line).
  27. successor (noun) – inheritor, next-in-line, descendant.
  28. step into someone’s shoes (phrase) – take control of a task/job from another person.
  29. orderly (adjective) – well organized, efficient, methodical, systematic, careful.
  30. transition (noun) – change.
  31. mantle (noun) – role, duty, responsibility, position, task.
  32. swiftly (adverb) – rapidly, quickly.
  33. see off (phrasal verb) – deal with, tackle, handle someone/something successfully; defeat, overcome, crush.
  34. sibling (noun) – brother or sister.
  35. no fewer than (phrase) – used to emphasize that a number is surprisingly large.
  36. by comparison (phrase) – when compared, comparatively, in comparison, proportionately.
  37. formidable (adjective) – impressive, indomitable, strong, powerful, mighty.
  38. shrewdness (noun) – astuteness, cleverness, smartness.
  39. charisma (noun) – the strength of character, individuality, personality, charm, presence, attractiveness.
  40. realm (noun) – area, field, domain (of activity).
  41. augur well (verb) – bode, indicate, portend (a good outcome).
  42. preside over (verb) – be in charge of, be responsible for, handle, manage/organize.
  43. thumping (adjective) – huge, massive, very great.
  44. pale (noun) – less impressive, ineffectual, ineffective.
  45. a shadow of your former self (phrase) – If someone or something is a shadow of their former self, they are very much less powerful, strong,  impressive than they used to be.
  46. squarely (adverb) – precisely, exactly, just, directly.
  47. rest on someone’s shoulders (phrase) – to become someone’s responsibility.
  48. systematically (adverb) – methodically.
  49. degrade (verb) – deteriorate, degenerate, decay.
  50. four rung (adjective) – four-level.
  51. beneath (preposition) – under.
  52. institutionalise (verb) – set up a standard practice (in an organisation/culture).
  53. abject (adverb) – miserable, hopeless, pathetical.
  54. servility (noun) – enslavement, subservience, slavery, bootlicking.
  55. fealty (noun) – allegiance/adherence, faithfulness, obedience/loyalty.
  56. persona (noun) – image, character, identity.
  57. unapologetically (adverb) – unwillingness to express regret or apology.
  58. dictatorial (adjective) – autocratic, undemocratic, totalitarian, authoritarian.
  59. make a mockery of (phrase) – make something to look foolish/absurd.
  60. unipolar (adjective) – (in international politics), relating to a distribution of power in which one state (country/person) exercises most of the cultural, economic, and military influence.
  61. pull oneself together (phrase) – to regain one’s self-control or composure.
  62. measure (noun) – certain amount, degree, quantity.
  63. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  64. extort (verb) – blackmail someone for, force, wrest, squeeze.
  65. rumblings (noun) – early signs (of dissatisfaction/anger) that show  people are starting to become annoyed/unhappy or a problematic situation is developing.
  66. dissent (noun) – disagreement, difference of opinion, opposition.
  67. rank (noun) – the people belonging to a group.
  68. nothing short of (phrase) – nothing less than.
  69. fragile (adjective) – weak, risky, unreliable, insecure; easily broken/destroyed.
  70. turn out (phrasal verb) – happen, develop, end (in a specific way).
  71. robust (adjective) – strong, powerful.
  72. looming (adjective) – appearing/emerging as a large/threatening one.
  73. beg the question (phrase) – raise a point; invite question.
  74. read (verb) – understand, comprehend, interpret.
  75. periodically (adverb) – at regular intervals.
  76. sweep up (phrasal verb) – remove, clean, scrub, wipe.
  77. penchant (noun) – desire, inclination, preference.
  78. surmise (verb) – assume, conjecture, suppose.
  79. point to (verb) – indicate, suggest, denote.
  80. credentials (noun) – identities, qualities; achievement, experience, knowledge.
  81. mettle (noun) – spirit, strength of character, nerve/determination.
  82. bulwark (noun) – protector, guard, supporter.
  83. heavy-handed (adjective) – oppressive, overbearing, highhanded, harsh.
  84. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  85. prevailing (adjective) – existing; current, present.
  86. ideology (noun) – a system of belief, set of principles.
  87. assumption (noun) – supposition, speculation, hypothesis, postulation.
  88. wobbly (adjective) – unsteady, unstable, shaky.
  89. ground (noun) – reason, factor, basis, rationale, premise.
  90. signpost (noun) – guide, indicator.
  91. C-Voter (noun) – Centre for Voting Opinion & Trends in Election Research, or CVoter, is an Indian international polling agency headquartered in Delhi, India. CVoter India states that it has covered 15 union budgets, more than 100 state elections and more than 30 international events.
  92. sweep (noun) – winning all seats in (an election).
  93. impending (adjective) – imminent, close at hand, about to happen, approaching, nearing/coming.
  94. ideological (adjective) – relating to a system of ideas.
  95. growing (adjective) – increasing.
  96. footprint (noun) – impression, mark, trace, impact.
  97. muscular (adjective) – strong, powerful, potent.
  98. storm (verb) – attack, rush, conduct an offensive on, attempt to capture.
  99. bastion (noun) – defender, supporter, guard, protector.
  100. pantheon (noun) – a group of famous or important people.
  101. root (noun) – origins, beginnings; basic cause of something.
  102. aggressively (adverb) – determinedly, vigorously, energetically.
  103. orientation (noun) – attitude, inclination, direction, intention.
  104. far (adverb) – much, considerably, markedly, noticeably.
  105. far more (phrase) – a lot more, much more.
  106. inclusive (adjective) – all-embracing, all-inclusive, with everyone included, comprehensive.
  107. accommodationist (noun) – a person who adapts compromise with an opposing view.
  108. bent (noun) – inclination, predisposition, disposition, instinct, orientation
  109. assertive (adjective) – forceful, decisive, firm, determined.
  110. populism (noun) – policies that supposedly represent the opinions of ordinary people (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  111. capitalise on (verb) – take advantage of, exploit, benefit from.
  112. hostility (noun) – opposition, conflict, resentment, enmity, aversion, antipathy.
  113. tenet (noun) – principle, doctrine, rule.
  114. entrenchment (noun) – infringement, encroachment, intrusion.
  115. paternalistic (adjective) – dismissive, oppressive.
  116. charismatic (adjective) – strong in character, captivating, fascinating.
  117. self-enriching (adjective) – developing one’s intellectual powers or spiritual resources.
  118. autocrat (noun) – authoritarian, totalitarian; dictator, despot.
  119. fade away (phrasal verb) – diminish, disappear, decline, dwindle.
  120. populace (noun) – population, inhabitants, people/public.
  121. socio-economic (adjective) – relating to the interaction of social (position, rank, or importance) and economic (income, pay, and wealth) aspects.
  122. liberalisation (noun) – removal or loosening of restrictions on something, typically an economic or political system.
  123. persistent (adjective) – continuous, constant, non-stop.
  124. echo (noun) – recollection, remembrance, repetition, reiteration.
  125. exceptionalism (noun) – the state of being special, exceptional or unique. The belief that a country, society, or individual, is “exceptional” (i.e., extraordinary).
  126. embedded (adjective) – fixed firmly; implanted.
  127. psyche (noun) – soul/spirit, essential nature/persona, individuality. 
  128. visceral (adjective) – emotional, instinctive, intuitive, natural, spontaneous, gut (feeling or reaction without a logical thinking).
  129. aversion (noun) – resistance, unwillingness, reluctance, avoidance; dislike, disinclination.
  130. genuflect (verb) – be respectful, be obedient, bow down, show reverence, incline the head.
  131. diktat (noun) – order, regulation, decree.
  132. to an extent (phrase) – somewhat, partly, fairly.
  133. implied (adjective) – implicit, hinted, indirect.
  134. ideologically (adverb) – dogmatically, conventionally; in a method which relates to an ideology.
  135. exceptionally (adverb) – to a greater degree; extraordinarily, remarkably, especially.
  136. inconsistent with (adjective) – in disagreement with, conflicting with, in opposition to.
  137. tenor (noun) – the general content/meaning.
  138. dilute (verb) – weaken, diminish, reduce, decrease, lessen.
  139. prospects (noun) – possibilities, chances, opportunities.
  140. alliance (noun) – association, union, partnership.
  141. Dravidianism (noun) – Dravidianism  is based on three ideologies: dismantling of Brahmin hegemony (dominance); revitalization of the “Dravidian Languages” (that include Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Tamil) and social reform by abolition of existing caste systems, religious practices and recasting women’s equal position in the society.
  142. hostile (adjective) – confrontational, belligerent, combative; opposed, inimical, antagonistic, ill-disposed.
  143. perceived (adjective) – regarded, considered, deemed; observed, discerned.
  144. bolster (verb) – strengthen, support, reinforce/buttress.
  145. push back (phrasal verb) – force back, repel, fight off; refuse, reject, prevent.
  146. overzealous (adjective) – too zealous; excessively sincere, feeling, fervent, impassioned, passionate, enthusiastic.
  147. homogenize (verb) – unite, make uniform/similar, merge.
  148. wind beneath the wings of (phrase) – lift someone up and help/support them get to where want to go.


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2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Tectonic turbulence in Dravidian politics) – Mar 11, 2021

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