The Hindu Lead Article (Spelling out the government’s RBI windfall) – Aug 31, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (Spelling out the government’s RBI windfall) – Aug 31, 2019

The transfer of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) surplus to the government is a routine matter.For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Spelling out the government’s RBI windfall) – Aug 31, 2019.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Spelling out the government’s RBI windfall) – Aug 31, 2019:

  1. spell out (phrasal verb) – explain, make clear, elucidate/clarify.
  2. windfall (noun) – a large amount of money received unexpectedly; jackpot, bonanza, unexpected gain.
  3. capital infusion (noun) – introduction of additional funding from successful divisions of a business to the weak division which is is not doing well.
  4. surplus (noun) – generation of goods, services, and resources (such as capital) exceeds their consumption.
  5. a bit (phrase) – somewhat/rather, a little, slightly.
  6. narrative (noun) – a representation of a particular situation; portrayal/account.
  7. caricatured (adjective) – exaggerated/distorted; ridiculed, mimicked.
  8. folklore (noun) – story, myth, tale.
  9. crunch (noun) – crisis, crucial situation, critical point.
  10. arm-twist (verb)- pressurize, push, force.
  11. reserve (noun) – funds/earnings.
  12. family silver (noun) – something considered to be of great value (materially or otherwise).
  13. erosion (noun) – destruction, deterioration, decline.
  14. credence (noun) – acceptance, belief/truth, confidence.
  15. in view of (phrase) – considering, taking into consideration, as a result of.
  16. perceived (adjective) – regarded, observed; considered/supposed.
  17. highlight (verb) – call attention to, focus attention on, underline.
  18. on the contrary (phrase) – in contrast, just the opposite, conversely.
  19. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold.
  20. repose (verb) – set, place (a confidence or trust in something).
  21. idle (adjective) – not in use, unused, inactive.
  22. due process (noun) – fair treatment (per established principles & procedures).
  23. extant (adjective) – present, existent, existing/surviving.
  24. eminent (adjective) – distinguished, renowned, esteemed.
  25. bureaucrat (noun) – a powerful officer, civil servant, functionary.
  26. reflective (adjective) – thoughtful, contemplative, introspective.
  27. exponent (noun) – advocate, supporter, proponent, upholder.
  28. substance (noun) – significant subject, important matter/content, valid message.
  29. syndrome (noun) – symptoms/signs; a particular mix of opinions & emotions.
  30. fiscal prudence (noun) – cautiousness, carefulness, judgement on fiscal decisions like borrowing, and spending, and managing the fiscal targets.
  31. paranoia (noun) – suspicion, mistrust, misgiving (of other people).
  32. blow in the wind (phrase) – to be thought about and discussed , but not decided upon or resolved.
  33. backdrop (noun) – situation, scenario, context.
  34. assess (verb) – evaluate, analyse, determine.
  35. quantum (noun) – portion, part, division.
  36. constituent (noun) – component,  part, ingredient, element.
  37. contingency fund (noun) – a fund for emergencies or unexpected outflows, mainly economic crises.
  38. provision (noun) – term, clause, requirement.
  39. unforeseen (adjective) – unpredicted, unexpected, unanticipated.
  40. contingency (noun) – planning, prearrangement, arrangements.
  41. set aside (phrasal verb) – save, reserve, put aside.
  42. premise (noun) – thesis, presupposition, belief, thought.
  43. sovereign (noun) – head of state; self-determining state; supreme, absolute, ultimate power.
  44. credibility (noun) – trustworthiness, reliability, integrity.
  45. insofar as (phrase) – to the extent/degree that.
  46. shortfall (noun) – deficit, inadequacy/deficiency; shortcoming/defect.
  47. outlook (noun) – point of view/viewpoint, attitude/opinion, perspective.
  48. last resort (phrase) – a final thing/person helps when all else has failed; final hope.
  49. balance sheet (noun) – a statement that shows the financial condition of a company at a particular point in time.
  50. in line with (phrase) – in accordance with.
  51. lingo (noun) – terminology/vocabulary of a particular subject.
  52. pointer (noun) – indication, hint, signal.
  53. flag (verb) – indicate, identify, point out.
  54. decipher (verb) – interpret, comprehend, understand. 
  55. juncture (noun) – point in time, time/moment, stage.
  56. spectre (noun) – threat, menace, danger/peril.
  57. slowdown (noun) – economic decline, recession, slump/depression.
  58. loom (verb) – be imminentseem about to happen,  be threatening/be close.
  59. disbursement (noun) – spending, expending, paying out.
  60. choke (verb) – clog, block, obstruct.
  61. recapitalisation (noun) – it is a type of corporate reorganization involving substantial change in a company’s capital structure, especially by replacing debt with stock.
  62. in a big way (phrase) – to a great extent.
  63. pursue (verb) – engage in, follow, conduct.
  64. fiscal stimulus (noun) – Government measures, normally involving increased public spending and lower taxation, aimed at giving a positive jolt to economic activity.
  65. fiscal deficit (noun) – the difference between total expenditure and total income of the government.
  66. (kill) the goose that lays the golden eggs (phrase) – to seek short term gain at the sacrifice of long term profit.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.bigotry, narrow-mindedness
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Spelling out the government’s RBI windfall) – Aug 31, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (Spelling out the government’s RBI windfall) – Aug 31, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (Spelling out the government’s RBI windfall) – Aug 31, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (Spelling out the government’s RBI windfall) – Aug 31, 2019

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