The Hindu Lead Article (Saving biodiversity, securing earth’s future) – Jun 05, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Saving biodiversity, securing earth’s future) – Jun 05, 2021

On this World Environment Day (June 5), with the novel coronavirus pandemic raging across our vast country, we must reflect on the ways to rebuild our relationship with nature. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Saving biodiversity, securing earth’s future) – Jun 05, 2021.

To read this article, click here.

This preview is provided here with permission.  

Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Saving biodiversity, securing earth’s future) – Jun 05, 2021:

  1. biodiversity (noun) – the existence of a number and variety of species (plants & animals) in a particular geographic region/environment.
  2. National Biodiversity Mission (noun) – This mission will involve a comprehensive documentation of India’s biodiversity with the potential for cataloguing and mapping all life forms in India including associated cultural and traditional practices.
  3. mend (verb) – put right, set right, sort out, resolve, correct, amend, improve.
  4. humanity (noun) – human beings, humankind, the human race.
  5. dysfunctional (adjective) – not functioning/working normally or properly; troubled, unsettled, flawed.
  6. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  7. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  8. rage (verb) – (of a disease) spread very quickly or uncontrollably; be at its height, be uncontrollable; reach a high degree of intensity.
  9. reflect (verb) – think about, give thought to, review, mull over, contemplate.
  10. ecosystem (noun) – complex situation/environment.
  11. public health security (noun) – it is defined as the activities required, both proactive and reactive, to minimize the danger and impact of acute public health events that endanger people’s health.
  12. shield (verb) – protect, save, keep safe, safeguard.
  13. perpetual (adjective) – constant, continuous, permanent, timeless, ever-lasting, eternal.
  14. spiritual (adjective) – inner, divine, sacred.
  15. enrichment (noun) – enhancement, improvement, advancement.
  16. intimately (adverb) – uniquely, exclusively, personally.
  17. well-being (noun) – welfare, good health, happiness, comfort.
  18. staggering (adjective) – astonishing, shocking, surprising, mind-blowing, eye-opening.
  19. yield (verb) – produce, give, provide (results).
  20. wetland (noun) – an area of land that is saturated with water; areas where water covers the soil or is present either at or near the surface of the soil all year or for varying periods of time during the year, including during the growing season.
  21. marine (adjective) – relating to the sea.
  22. intact (adjective) – whole, entire, complete, full.
  23. assessment (noun) – evaluation, appraisal, analysis.
  24. species (noun) – living things (organisms); A group/breed/family of living organisms (animals & plants) with the individual having the same quality & can breed (in nature).
  25. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  26. exception (noun) – special case.
  27. climate change (noun) – a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth (Courtesy: NASA).
  28. lay/put stress on (phrase) – emphasis, to give importance to; to give attention to.
  29. mitigate (verb) – reduce, diminish, lessen.
  30. curtail (verb) – decrease, lessen, reduce, restrict, limit.
  31. outbreak (noun) – outburst, flaring up, breakout, sudden appearance/occurrence of something.
  32. unimaginable (adjective) – unthinkable, inconceivable, unbelievable.
  33. misery (noun) – pain, grief, anguish, agony, distress, torment, suffering.
  34. preserve (verb) – sustain, conserve, protect, maintain, care for.
  35. organism (noun) – living thing.
  36. biota (noun) – (in ecology) the plant and animal life of a region.
  37. Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) (noun) – is an overarching Council that facilitates the Principal Scientific Adviser’s Office to assess the status in specific science and technology domains, comprehend challenges in hand, formulate specific interventions, develop a futuristic roadmap and advise the Prime Minister accordingly.
  38. ambitious (adjective) – formidable, challenging, demanding.
  39. National Mission on Biodiversity and Human Well-Being (NMBHWB) (noun) – it is a unique 10-year programme under the Prime Minister’s Science, Technology, Innovation, Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) which aims to build capacity across all sections of Indian society and establish a credible and comprehensive biodiversity information-base for embedding biodiversity as a key consideration in all developmental programs – particularly in sectors of agriculture, ecosystem services, health, bio-economy, and climate change mitigation. The overarching objective will be to restore and enhance biodiversity and strengthen its sustainable use in India.  
  40. Biodiversity Collaborative (noun) – a growing network of institutions and individuals whose shared vision is to promote biodiversity science in India and its application in conservation and sustainable development with a focus on enhancing human well-being. Members of the Collaborative have been working together since July 2018 and are currently implementing a preparatory phase project of the National Mission on Biodiversity and Human Well-Being (NMBHWB), supported by the Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India will be hosting the Mission with the National Biodiversity Authority as the nodal institution for managing it. 
  41. The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) (noun) – it was established by the Central Government in 2003 to implement India’s Biological Diversity Act (2002). The NBA is a Statutory Body and it performs facilitative, regulatory and advisory functions for the Government of India on issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources.
  42. road map (noun) – plan/strategy to do something successfully.
  43. steer (verb) – guide, conduct, direct/lead.
  44. conservation (noun) – preservation, protection, safeguarding.
  45. civil society (noun) – civil society refers to space for collective action around shared interests, purposes, and values, generally distinct from government and commercial for-profit actors.
  46. sustainably (adverb) – reasonably, sensibly, in a well-founded way (without disturbing the balance of nature and then without exhausting all of the natural resources).
  47. heritage (noun) – tradition, history, background, past, culture.
  48. embed (verb) – incorporate, include.
  49. consideration (noun) – factor, point, element, aspect, feature.
  50. mitigation (noun) – alleviation, reduction; lessening.
  51. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (noun) – The sustainable development goals (SDGs) are a new, universal set of goals, targets, and indicators that UN member states will be expected to use to frame their agendas and political policies over the next 15 years.
  52. furthermore (adverb) – moreover, additionally, besides.
  53. hotspot (noun) – a place of significant activity.
  54. linkage (noun) – connection, relationship, association.
  55. societal (adjective) – relating to society.
  56. framework (noun) – structure, system, organization.
  57. expose (verb) – reveal, uncover, lay bare; put at risk of, put in jeopardy of, make vulnerable.
  58. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  59. lay bare (phrasal verb) – reveal, uncover, expose.
  60. landscape (noun) – the distinctive features (of a field of activity).
  61. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy-making, and research for disease and injury prevention.
  62. holistic (adjective) – relating to an integrated approach that takes care of the “whole thing”, instead of certain parts in it.
  63. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, broad-based; all-embracing, thorough, complete.
  64. empower (verb) – authorize, entitle, permit, allow.
  65. rejuvenate (verb) – revive, restore, renew, revitalize.
  66. green (adjective) – concerned with the protection of the environment; environmentally friendly, environmentally sound, energy-efficient.
  67. degraded land (noun) – land that has lost some degree of its natural productivity due to human-caused processes.
  68. amount to (verb) – be equal to, be equivalent to, represent.
  69. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (noun) – it is the international legal instrument for “the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources” that has been ratified by 196 nations.
  70. pressing (adjective) – urgent, critical, crucial, important.
  71. alleviation (noun) – mitigation, appeasement, assuagement, moderation.
  72. equity (noun) – fairness, justness, neutrality, impartiality, egalitarianism.
  73. cohesion (noun) – unity, togetherness, solidarity, coherence.
  74. social cohesion (noun) – the capacity of a society to ensure the well-being of all its members, minimizing disparities and avoiding marginalization (or) the belief held by citizens of a given nation-state that
    they share a moral community, which enables them to trust each other.
  75. degradation (noun) – deterioration, degeneration, atrophy, decay.
  76. resilient (adjective) – strong, sturdy, well built, buoyant, quick to recover, flexible, durable.
  77. geospatial (adjective) – relating to a piece of information tied/connected to a particular location.
  78. strategy (noun) – plan of action.
  79. cadre (noun) – a small group of people (trained for a specific task).
  80. calibre (noun) – standard, grade, quality.
  81. outreach (noun) – the level of reaching out/activity/effort; involvement.
  82. uphold (verb) – confirm, endorse/approve, vindicate/validate.
  83. carry forward (phrasal verb) – have something to continue/handle at a later stage (to make progress).
  84. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement.
  85. arena (noun) – sphere of action, sphere of activity.
  86. exploration (noun) – research, examination, investigation.
  87. on the heels of (phrase) – very soon after something, following closely after something.
  88. pledge (noun) – promise, undertaking, oath, agreement, assurance.
  89. nurture (verb) – encourage, advance, foster, develop.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Saving biodiversity, securing earth’s future) – Jun 05, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Saving biodiversity, securing earth’s future) – Jun 05, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Saving biodiversity, securing earth’s future) – Jun 05, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Saving biodiversity, securing earth’s future) – Jun 05, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Saving biodiversity, securing earth’s future) – Jun 05, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Saving biodiversity, securing earth’s future) – Jun 05, 2021

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