The Hindu Lead Article (Rights, duties and the Constitution) – Feb 26, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Rights, duties and the Constitution) – Feb 26, 2020

At the height of the Emergency, Indira Gandhi’s government enacted sweeping changes to the Constitution, through the 42nd Amendment. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Rights, duties and the Constitution) – Feb 26, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Rights, duties and the Constitution) – Feb 26, 2020:

  1. at the height of (phrase) – at the most extreme part/point of something.
  2. sweeping (adjective) – extensive, wide-ranging, broad/wide.
  3. entrench (adjective) – establish, settle, embed (something firmly so that it can’t be changed/removed).
  4. supremacy (noun) – dominion, power, sovereignty, influence.
  5. muzzle (verb) – silence, suppress, stifle, restrain.
  6. checks and balances (plural noun) – a system in which all departments of a government organization have right to amend/limit the powers of the other departments in order to avoid dominance of one department.
  7. design (verb) – purpose, plan, intend.
  8. stand out (phrasal verb) – be noticeable, be distinctive, be prominent.
  9. provision (noun) – term, clause, requirement.
  10. (be) joined/fused at the hip (phrase) – be inseparable, be impossible to separate, be indivisible.
  11. consign to (verb) – send, deliver, give over, hand over, commit, put away (permanently).
  12. dustbin of history (phrase) – ash heap of history; figuratively refers to a place where people ( and or ideologies) are moved down and so lose value or forgotten in history.
  13. legacy (noun) – footprint, effect/outcome (something received from a predecessor or from the past).
  14. endure (verb) – continue, persist, remain, stay.
  15. boundlessly (adverb) – unlimitlessly, immeasurably, inestimably.
  16. manipulable (adjective) – controlled, usable, employable, utilized, exploitable.
  17. spirit (noun) – prevailing tendency, motivating force, dominating characteristic, mood.
  18. Humpty Dumpty (noun) – a person/thing once removed/damaged, can’t be reinstated/repaired.
  19. draw attention to (phrase) – emphasize, highlight, underscore; focus on.
  20. intuitive (adverb) – instinctive, automatic, spontaneous.
  21. plausibility (noun) – credibility, reliability, believability, soundness.
  22. conjure up (phrasal verb) – bring to mind, call up, evoke, recall.
  23. ungrateful (adjective) – unappreciative, unthankful, ungracious.
  24. pluck (verb) – pick, take, extract something quickly.
  25. the fruits (noun) – reward, benefit, advantages.
  26. civilisation (noun) – culture, enlightenment, way of life.
  27. unwilling (adjective) – disinclined, reluctant, resistant.
  28. do one’s bit (phrase) – make a useful contribution.
  29. nonetheless (adverb) – notwithstanding, nevertheless, in spite of that/however.
  30. conflation (noun) – an act of combining two/more information, ideas, etc.
  31. ought to (modal verb) – must, should.
  32. web (noun) – a network.
  33. bind (verb) – unite, join, draw together.
  34. owe (verb) – be indebted, be under an obligation.
  35. refrain from (verb) – withhold, abstain, desist.
  36. breach (noun) – violation, neglect, non-observance.
  37. trigger (verb) – give rise to, bring about, prompt.
  38. at any given time (phrase) – at any particular/specific time.
  39. a host of (noun) – lot, large number, great quantity.
  40. constrain (verb) – compel, force, drive, oblige.
  41. pay the price (phrase) – experience bad/unpleasant result of something that you have done.
  42. in principle (phrase) – in general, in essence.
  43. bear (verb) – accept, tolerate, experience, endure.
  44. self-contained (adjective) – complete (on its own), independent, separate, self-reliant.  
  45. sanction (noun) – penalty, punishment.
  46. animate (verb) – vitalize, revive/energize, encourage/inspire.
  47. count (verb) – take into account, take into consideration, consider, regard.
  48. unheard (adjective) – not heard, not listened to.
  49. colonialism (noun) – the act of controlling & exploiting a country/territory (& its people) by another country/territory.
  50. holocaust (noun) – mass scale destruction/disaster by nuclear war.
  51. strip (verb) – remove, take off/away, dispossess, deprive/deny.
  52. genocide (noun) – mass murder, massacre, racial killing.
  53. bulwark (noun) – protector, guard, supporter.
  54. dehumanisation (noun) – an act of preventing a person of human qualities.
  55. provocation (noun) – egging on, incitement, stirring, inducement.
  56. threshold (noun) – lower limit, starting point, the level (to react to something).
  57. worthiness (noun) – suitability, laudability, merit.
  58. inherit (verb) – assume, take over, accede to; derive.
  59. stratified (adjective) – divided into categories based on social status/education/income.
  60. rive (verb) – torn apart, split, ripped apart.
  61. oppressor (noun) – persecutor, intimidator, dictator, autocrat.
  62. axes plural form of axis (noun) – an imaginary line.
  63. subordination (noun) – inferiority, secondary position/status, lowliness.
  64. degradation (noun) – devaluing, discrediting, dishonouring, indignity.
  65. stand against (phrasal verb) – oppose, resist, reject.
  66. hierarchy (noun) – ranking, grading; class system.
  67. discriminatory (adjective) – prejudicial, biased, unfair, inequitable.
  68. equalize (verb) – balance, regularize, standardize, make equal.
  69. democratise (verb) – make something available to everyone.
  70. depredation (noun) – destruction, devastation, damage.
  71. transformative (adjective) – life-changing, metamorphic, progressive.
  72. wrought (verb) – (old) past and past participle of work. cause, effect.
  73. entrenched (adjective) – ingrained, established, embedded.
  74. detriment (noun) – disadvantage, damage, loss.
  75. wield (verb) – use, handle; be possessed of, maintain
  76. lie in (phrasal verb) – be present, be contained, exist.
  77. conflation (noun) – an act of combining two/more information, ideas, etc.
  78. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, recognize, draw attention to, mention.
  79. illuminating (adjective) – informative, enlightening, revealing.
  80. rhetoric (noun) – bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  81. deploy (verb) – employ.
  82. euphemistically (adverb) – politely/mildly & indirectly.
  83. efface (verb) – erase, eradicate, remove (the memory completely).
  84. in the face of (phrase) – when confronted with; despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  85. astray (adverb) – off target, wide, awry.
  86. uphold (verb) – confirm, endorse/approve, vindicate/validate.
  87. differential (adjective) – different, dissimilar, contrasting.
  88. on the ground (phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically.
  89. upbring (noun) – raising, bringing up, fostering/rearing.
  90. stark (adjective) – clear, distinct, evident.
  91. moral compass (noun) – an inner sense which distinguishes what is right from what is wrong, functioning as a guide (like the needle of a compass) for morally appropriate behavior.
  92. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  93. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support.
  94. marginalised (adjective) – treated as insignificant, treated as unimportant, neglected (people).
  95. at the end of the day (phrase) – ultimately, eventually, in the end, finally.
  96. charter (noun) – constitution, code, body of law.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Rights, duties and the Constitution) – Feb 26, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Rights, duties and the Constitution) – Feb 26, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Rights, duties and the Constitution) – Feb 26, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Rights, duties and the Constitution) – Feb 26, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Rights, duties and the Constitution) – Feb 26, 2020

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