The Hindu Lead Article (Quarantine and the law) – Apr 03, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Quarantine and the law) – Apr 03, 2020

It was about 196 years ago (1824) that the U.S. Supreme Court, in an en banc sitting led by Chief Justice John Marshall,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Quarantine and the law) – Apr 03, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Quarantine and the law) – Apr 03, 2020:

  1. quarantine (noun) – a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; Quarentine is imposed to separate and restrict the movement of persons, who may have been exposed to infectious disease, but not yet known to be ill.
  2. curb (noun) – restraint, restriction, control.
  3. outbreak (noun) – sudden appearance/occurrence (of a disease); outburst, epidemic.
  4. uphold (verb) – confirm, endorse/approve, vindicate/validate.
  5. en banc (adjective) – also called as en banque, en bank; French for “in bench”. The term is used when all judges of a particular court hear a case.
  6. affirm (verb) – confirm, vindicate, approve, uphold.
  7. mechanism (noun) – procedure, system, method, apparatus.
  8. onslaught (noun) – attack, offensive, assault/aggression.
  9. sanction (verb) – approve, permit, support/endorse.
  10. jurisdiction (noun) – a system of law courts.
  11. isolation (noun) – a complete separation from others of a person known or reasonably believed to be infected with communicable diseases.
  12. resort to (verb) – have recourse to, make use of, use/utilize, employ.
  13. maritime (adjective) – of or related to the sea.
  14. severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) (noun) – SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is thought to be an animal virus from an as-yet-uncertain animal reservoir, perhaps bats, that spread to other animals (civet cats). It is a viral (human-to-human transmission) that can cause severe respiratory illness or death.
  15. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  16. diphtheria (noun) – a serious bacterial infection that affects the throat and nose.
  17. infectious (adjective) – contagious, communicable, transmittable, spreading.
  18. plague (noun) – a contagious disease.
  19. yellow fever (noun) – an acute viral haemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The “yellow” in the name refers to the jaundice that affects some patients.
  20. hemorrhagic (adjective) – produced by haemorrhage (it generally means a heavy bleeding within or from a body).
  21. community transmission (noun) – community spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is unknown. An infected person has no travel history to an affected area and no known contact with a person previously diagnosed with a particular disease. It is possible the patient is exposed to a returning traveler who is infected.
  22. local transmission (cluster) (noun) – local spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is known. An infected person has travel history to an affected area. We could able to identify and trace individual cases, and ring-fence a cluster (of them) to prevent the spread of infection.
  23. imperative (adjective) – vitally important, crucial/critical, essential.
  24. trentino (noun) – a 30-day separation or isolation period  for visitors from plague-endemic areas.
  25. ruin (verb) – spoil, destroy, destruct, devastate, damage.
  26. detention (noun) – confinement, incarceration, captivity.
  27. disobedience (noun) – indiscipline, bad behaviour, misconduct, non-compliance.
  28. prescribe (verb) – order, determine/specify, stipulate.
  29. parlance (noun) – expressions, vernacular, language.
  30. COVID-19 (noun) – coronavirus disease 2019.
  31. academic (noun) – scholar, lecturer/professor, educator, instructor.
  32. de facto (adjective) – Latin, literally ‘of fact’; existing, actual, effective.
  33. nonetheless (adverb) – notwithstanding, nevertheless, in spite of that/however.
  34. promulgate (verb) – put into effect, enact, implement.
  35. diagnose (verb) – identify, determine, distinguish.
  36. solitary (adjective) – only, single/sole, lone.
  37. infringement (noun) – contravention, violation, breach.
  38. exceptional (adjective) – unusual/uncommon, abnormal, atypical, extraordinary.
  39. exigency (noun) – (urgent) need, demand, urgency.
  40. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  41. invasion (noun) – attack, assault; violation, infringement, breach.
  42. liberty (noun) – freedom, independence.
  43. adversely (adverb) – unfavourably, disadvantageously, badly.
  44. accord (noun) – agreement, consensus, unison.
  45. yield (verb) – agree to, consent to, comply with, conform to.
  46. render (verb) – give, provide (a service).
  47. Ebola (noun) – Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a rare but severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. (Courtesy: WHO)
  48. peer (noun) – equal, match, like.
  49. dreadful (adjective) – terrible, frightful, horrible, awful.
  50. alarming (adjective) – worrying, disturbing, shocking/distressing.
  51. rational (adjective) – sensible, logical, reasonable.
  52. epidemic (noun) – widespread disease/illness; outbreak, plague, scourge.
  53. vintage (noun) – period, era, epoch, time.
  54. empower (verb) – authorize, entitle, permit, allow.
  55. segregation (noun) – separation, setting apart, sorting out.
  56. confer (verb) – give, provide, present.
  57. hazardous (adjective) – dangerous, risky, perilous.
  58. alien (adjective) – remote, external, unfamiliar, unknown.
  59. invoke (verb) – bring forth, bring on; call into use, put in to effect.
  60. bizarre (adjective) – strange, unusual, unconventional/eccentric, ridiculous.
  61. interim (adjective) – provisional, transitional, temporary.
  62. framework (noun) – structure, scheme, system.
  63. distinguish (verb) – differentiate, discriminate, tell the difference.
  64. contamination (noun) – pollutant, impurity, adulterant.
  65. dormitory (noun) – hostel (a large bed) room for a number of students.
  66. well-ventilated (adjective) – (of a room) provided with a supply of fresh air.
  67. seek (verb) – ask for, request, appeal for, apply for.
  68. habeas corpus (noun) – Latin phrase meaning literally “that you have the body”. The court order to bring the person (in custody/detention) to the court to decide on the imprisonment is legal or illegal.
  69. bubonic plague (noun) – an infectious disease; patients develop sudden onset of fever, headache, chills, and weakness and one or more swollen, tender and painful lymph nodes (called buboes).
  70. strike down (phrasal verb) – abolish, annul, nullify (a law or regulation).
  71. ill-suited (adjective) – unsuitable, inappropriate.
  72. reverse (verb) – revoke, cancel, annul (a judgement/order).
  73. suo motu (phrase) – Latin term means “on its own motion”. It is used where a government agency acts on its own knowledge.
  74. take cognisance of (phrase) – consider something; take something into account, give attention to something, to take notice of something.
  75. social distancing (noun) – a term means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  76. inmate (noun) – inhabitant, occupant, a person living in an institution (like hospital, prison, etc).
  77. juvenile (adjective) – young, teenage, underage.
  78. intrude (verb) – force, push, thrust oneself in.
  79. under the sun (phrase) – on earth.
  80. exempt (verb) – free from, not liable to, not subject to.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Quarantine and the law) – Apr 03, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Quarantine and the law) – Apr 03, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Quarantine and the law) – Apr 03, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Quarantine and the law) – Apr 03, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Quarantine and the law) – Apr 03, 2020

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