The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021

We are now living among history’s very first “AI” generation. From the Alexas they converse with, to their robot playmates, to the YouTube wormholes they disappear into,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021:

  1. artificial intelligence (AI) (noun) – an area of computer science that deals with giving machines the ability to seem like they have human intelligence (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  2. well-being (noun) – a healthy state/condition.
  3. playmate (noun) – friend, companion.
  4. wormhole (noun) – channel; tunnel, blackhole.
  5. virtual (adjective) – performing a task with the use of computer, especially over a network.
  6. virtual reality (VR) (noun) – the use of computer technology to create a simulated/artificial environment. An artificial environment that is created with software and presented to the user in such a way that the user suspends belief and accepts it as a real environment. Virtual Reality creates an artificial environment to inhabit (live in/occupy).
  7. anchor (noun) – mainstay, main source of stability, cornerstone/bulwark.
  8. pole star (noun) – something that attracts people.
  9. pre-date (verb) – happen at a date earlier than (something).
  10. Fourth Industrial Revolution (noun) – Simply put, the Fourth Industrial Revolution refers to how technologies like artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles and the internet of things are merging with humans’ physical lives. Think of voice-activated assistants, facial ID recognition or digital health-care sensors.
  11. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, precondition, essential requirement.
  12. pressing (adjective) – urgent, critical, crucial, important.
  13. tap (verb) – make use of, put to use, use, utilize, deploy, exploit.
  14. transformation (noun) – change, evolution.
  15. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) (noun) – It is a United Nations agency founded on 11 December 1946. UNICEF works in over 190 countries and territories to protect the rights of every child.
  16. International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (noun) – Established in 1865, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies – ICTs.
  17. divide (noun) – division, separation, difference.
  18. the haves and the have-nots (phrase) – very rich and very poor people.
  19. underscore (verb) – underline, emphasize, highlight.
  20. concerted (adjective) – united, collective, combined, cooperative.
  21. digital divide (noun) – the gap between the people who access computers/the internet and those who don’t access them.
  22. radically (adverb) – completely, thoroughly, fundamentally, totally, entirely.
  23. amplify (verb) – raise, intensify, escalate.
  24. societal (adjective) – relating to society.
  25. inequality (noun) – Inequality is simply defined as “the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights and opportunities; imbalance, unevenness, disproportion, disparity.
  26. socio-economic (adjective) – relating to the interaction of social (position, rank, or importance) and economic (income, pay, and wealth) aspects.
  27. background (noun) – circumstances, context, conditions, situation.
  28. gender (noun) – Gender is used to describe the characteristics of women and men that are socially constructed, while sex refers to those that are biologically determined.
  29. deployment (noun) – the bringing/utilisation of resources into effective action.
  30. far (adverb) – very much, considerably, markedly, significantly.
  31. outpace (verb) – surpass, outshine, do better than.
  32. implications (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  33. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support/protection; ill-protected, easily affected by, prone to, at risk of.
  34. childproof (adjective) – designed to keep children safe; resistant, impenetrable, impervious, repellent (to/by a child).
  35. mitigate (verb) – reduce, lessen, decrease, make less severe.
  36. equip (verb) – prepare (for a particular task/situation).
  37. old-fashioned (adjective) – old, out of date, outdated.
  38. evolve (verb) – alter, change, transform gradually; develop, progress, advance gradually.
  39. protocol (noun) – procedure, method, system.
  40. unaccompanied (adjective) – alone, unescorted, unattended; isolated, separated.
  41. take off (phrasal verb) – leave, depart, go (hurriedly).
  42. caregiver (noun) – nurse, attendant.
  43. eagle eye (noun) – alertness, close watch, perceptiveness.
  44. proceedings (noun) – actions/activities.
  45. reluctant (adjective) – unwilling, disinclined, unenthusiastic.
  46. outlet (noun) – a firm that broadcasts/publishes journalism.
  47. scrupulous (adjective) – careful, diligent, attentive; honest, high-minded, righteous.
  48. anonymously (adverb) – in a way without mentioning a name of the person publicly.
  49. socialise (verb) – interact, converse.
  50. honeypot (noun) – an attractive thing.
  51. predator (noun) – a person who is cruelly exploiting other people. (an animal that hunts and kills other animals for food).
  52. screen time (noun) – time spent using electronic gadgets.
  53. hard-pressed (adjective) – in difficulties, under pressure, under stress, troubled, harassed.
  54. keep tabs on (phrase) – keep observe/monitor something or someone carefully.
  55. hook (verb) – attract, captivate.
  56. algorithm (noun) – the list of instructions and rules that a computer needs to do to complete a task.
  57. gimmick (noun) – publicity device, scheme, ploy/trick.
  58. streak (noun) – period, time, spell, stretch (it simply indicates how continuously and regularly two people have messaged each other).
  59. ancillary (adjective) – additional, extra.
  60. underlying (adjective) – fundamental, basic, primary/central.
  61. tender (adjective) – young, youthful, immature, inexperienced.
  62. social intelligence (noun) – the ability to get along with people in general, social technique or ease in society, knowledge of social matters, susceptibility to stimuli from other members of a group, as well as insight into the temporary moods or underlying personality traits of strangers.
  63. splice (verb) – interweave, intertwine, join/connect/insert.
  64. virtualise (verb) – to create a computer-generated version of something.
  65. suck into (verb) – implicate in, involve in, draw into.
  66. deep space (noun) – universe, cosmos, solar system, galaxy.
  67. conspiracy theory (noun) – an event or situation that invokes a conspiracy by sinister (criminal/menacing) and powerful groups, often political in motivation.
  68. hubris (noun) – feeling of superiority, excessive self-importance, excessive pride, excessive self-confidence/self-glory, overconfidence, arrogance.
  69. bullying (noun) – intimidating, coercing, pressurizing/browbeating.
  70. hate speech (noun) – abusive or disrespectful speech.
  71. the likes (of) (phrase) – someone/something considered as a type.
  72. tribe (noun) – a large number of people.
  73. feed (into) (verb) – influence, contribute to.
  74. make sense of (phrase) – understand, comprehend, fathom out.
  75. custom (noun) – practice, convention, ritual, tradition.
  76. empathy (noun) – affection, fellow feeling, compassion, neighbourliness.
  77. goodwill (noun) – compassion, kind-heartedness; cooperation, collaboration, friendliness, mutual support.
  78. data harvesting (noun) – the process of extracting data from websites using malicious bots and use it for other purposes.
  79. algorithmic bias (noun) – it describes systematic and repeatable errors that create unfair outcomes, such as privileging one arbitrary group of users over others.
  80. insidious (adjective) – relating to something which increases/spreads/develops gradually without being noticed and causes serious harm; deceptive, stealthy, evasive, misleading, dishonest, dangerous, harmful.
  81. pitfall (noun) – danger, risk, problem.
  82. lie in (verb) – be present, be contained, exist.
  83. literacy (noun) – the ability to read and write.
  84. soak up (phrasal verb) – absorb, take in/up, get, receive.
  85. govern (verb) – control, regulate, guide, conduct.
  86. toddler (noun) – a young child.
  87. spy (verb) – observe furtively, keep under surveillance, keep a watch on, keep an eye on, keep under observation, follow/watch.
  88. tailor (verb) – customize, adapt, adjust, modify, change.
  89. pedagogical (adjective) – relating to teaching.
  90. curriculum (noun) – syllabus, course of studies, subjects. (curricula is the plural form of the curriculum).
  91. engaging (adjective) – appealing, attractive, pleasant.
  92. interactive (adjective) – collective, communal, combined, collaborative.
  93. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  94. fallback (noun) – alternative, substitute, backup (plan).
  95. inadvertently (adverb) – unintentionally, unwittingly.
  96. typecast (verb) – conventionalize, standardize, categorize, label.
  97. operationalise (verb) – put into use.
  98. topmost (adjective) – greatest, leading, highest, foremost.
  99. preoccupation (noun) –  absence of mind, distraction, forgetfulness, inattentiveness, heedlessness; concentration, engrossment, absorption, thinking.
  100. inadvertent (adjective) – accidental, unintentional, unthinking.
  101. overwhelming (adjective) – very great/large, huge, enormous; very strong, forceful.
  102. civil society (noun) – civil society refers to the space for collective action around shared interests, purposes, and values, generally distinct from government and commercial for-profit actors.
  103. disparity (noun) – imbalance, inequality, unevenness, disproportion.
  104. multi-pronged (adjective) – having different aspects/elements.
  105. behind the scenes (phrase) – secretly, privately, surreptitiously.
  106. non-discrimination (noun) – fairness, justness, equitability, impartiality.
  107. manipulation (noun) – controlling or influencing someone/something cleverly; tactic, trick, plan, scheme, intrigue.
  108. horizons (noun) – range of experience, knowledge, interest; scope, purview.
  109. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) (noun) – The UNCRC is a legally-binding international agreement setting out the civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights of every child, regardless of their race, religion or abilities.
  110. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, requirement, condition.
  111. World Economic Forum (WEF) (noun) – an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic, and other leaders of society to shape global, regional, and industry agendas. Incorporated as a not-for-profit foundation in 1971, and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Forum is tied to no political, partisan or national interests.
  112. stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
  113. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) (noun) – courses delivered online and accessible to all for free.
  114. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (noun) – UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences and Culture. UNESCO’s programmes contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals defined in Agenda 2030, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015.
  115. The Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (MGIEP) (noun) – The Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (MGIEP), in New Delhi, India was established with the support of the Government of India and is an integral part of UNESCO. It is the first and only category 1 Research Institute in Asia Pacific and focuses on achieving the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4.7 towards education to foster peaceful and sustainable societies. In this, the Institute is guided by its vision of ‘transforming education for humanity’.
  116. put in place (phrase) – establish, set up, create/form.
  117. Right to Education (RTE) Act (noun) – the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) is an Act, of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009 under Article 21-A in the Constitution of India, which provides free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right.
  118. multilaterally (adverb) – in a way that is involving more than two nations or parties.
  119. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) (noun) – an international document adopted by the United Nations General Assembly that enshrines the rights and freedoms of all human beings, living everywhere.
  120. galvanise (verb) – stimulate, encourage, inspire, prompt.


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2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Protecting children in the age of AI) – Apr 20, 2021

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