The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021

The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in Geneva has passed another resolution on Sri Lanka, as war-time accountability continues to haunt the state for over a decade. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021:

  1. polarisation (noun) – separation of two contrasting groups (based on different opinions/beliefs).
  2. dispossession (noun) – deprivation/deprival, privation, eviction, legal ouster.
  3. advocacy (noun) – support, endorsement, backing, approval.
  4. put an end to (phrase) – stop, terminate, abolish.
  5. trajectory (noun) – track/course, route, path, direction, approach.
  6. UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) (noun) – The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. The Council is created on 15 March 2006 and it is made up of 47 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly. The Human Rights Council replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
  7. resolution (noun) – settlement, compromise; ruling, verdict, decision, declaration, decree.
  8. accountability (noun) – responsibility, liability, answerability.
  9. haunt (verb) – torment, oppress, disturb, trouble, worry, burden, beset.
  10. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  11. prospects (noun) – possibilities, chances, opportunities.
  12. swing (verb) – have a definite influence on something (vote/election).
  13. geopolitical (adjective) – relating to (the study of) the geographical factors (a country’s position on the earth, size, climate, and natural resources & etc.) in world politics and inter-state relations.
  14. reflect (verb) – indicate, show, demonstrate, exhibit.
  15. abstain from (verb) – not vote, decline to vote, refuse to vote.
  16. shoot oneself in the foot (phrase) – to do or say something that causes trouble/difficulty for oneself.
  17. repress (verb) – suppress, oppress, dominate, quell, crush.
  18. alienate (verb) – set apart, drive apart, isolate, detach, distance.
  19. unanimously (adverb) – without opposition, agreed to by everyone involved.
  20. overwhelming (adjective) – very great/large, huge, enormous.
  21. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  22. exception (noun) – an anomaly, special case, deviation.
  23. reconciliation (noun) – reunion, settlement, agreement, resolution, compromise.
  24. at large (phrase) – as a whole, as a body, generally.
  25. polarised (adjective) – separated into opposing two.
  26. Brexit (noun) – a term used for the (supposed) departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
  27. unilateral (adjective) – relating to a method of taking decisions (particularly on international relations) by a state (country) individually without considering other states (countries). In general, it is relating to the decision taken individually without consulting with the others concerned.
  28. arrogance (noun) – egotism, self-importance, high-handedness, imperiousness.
  29. dependence on (noun) – reliance on, need for, confidence in.
  30. scrutiny (noun) – examination, inspection, investigation.
  31. deteriorate (verb) – worsen, get worse, decline, degenerate.
  32. shrink (verb) – lessen, reduce, decrease.
  33. authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, draconian, undemocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  34. rivalry (noun) – competitiveness, competition, contention.
  35. exacerbate (verb) – intensify, increase, heighten, aggravate, worsen, compound.
  36. constant (adjective) – continuous, persistent, round-the-clock.
  37. majoritarian (adjective) – relating to a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  38. ally (noun) – a country/state with an alliance with another one in which they promise to support each other militarily and to defend each other.
  39. mounting (adjective) – increasing, growing, rising, escalating.
  40. islamophobia (noun) – the fear, hatred of, or prejudice against, the Islamic religion or Muslims generally, especially when seen as a geopolitical force.
  41. setback (noun) – problem, difficulty, issue.
  42. abominable (adjective) – very bad, poor, terrible.
  43. protracted (adjective) – very long, long-lasting, prolonged/extensive.
  44. reckoning (noun) – opinion, view, judgement, evaluation, way of thinking, estimation, consideration.
  45. ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  46. play with (phrase) – take advantage of, impose on, exploit, make use of, use, abuse, misuse. 
  47. heightened (adjective) – intensified, increased, aggravated, exacerbated.
  48. rhetoric (noun) – the art of speaking or writing effectively & persuasively or impressively (but, often lacking substance); bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  49. sound bite (noun) – sentence, phrase, group of words.
  50. consumption (noun) – reception (of news by the audience).
  51. year after year (phrase) – regularly/continuously every year.
  52. lead-up to (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation (before an event).
  53. prosecution (noun) – legal actionlegal proceeding, legal case.
  54. legacy (noun as modifier) – something received from a predecessor or from the past; something that is given from one person to another.
  55. parallel (verb) – be similar to, be like, emulate, equal.
  56. radical (adjective) – extremist, fanatical, militant.
  57. backlash (noun) – a strong negative reaction; adverse response, counteraction.
  58. culminate (verb) – come to an end with, finish with, conclude with, terminate with.
  59. overwhelmingly (adverb) – with a great majority; to a very great degree.
  60. thumping (adjective) – huge, massive, very great.
  61. subdued (adjective) – restrained, controlled, toned down, muted.
  62. eclipse (verb) – outshine, overshadow, surpass, outclass.
  63. fragment (verb) – break up; disintegrate, fall apart, collapse, break down.
  64. coalition (noun) – alliance, union, partnership.
  65. regime (noun) – government.
  66. consolidate (verb) – strengthen, secure, stabilize, reinforce, fortify.
  67. unfettered (adjective) – unrestrained, unrestricted, unconstrained.
  68. the executive (noun) – the executive is a branch of government that enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.
  69. show of force (phrase) – a display/demonstration of one’s power/influence.
  70. apparent (adjective) – evident/clear, visible, noticeable, recognizable.
  71. blatantly (adverb) – openly, flagrantly, glaringly, shamelessly.
  72. discriminatory (adjective) – biased, unfair/unjust, inequitable, partisan.
  73. measure (noun) – step, procedure, course of action.
  74. cremation (noun) – the practice of burying a dead body.
  75. blow (noun) – shock, surprise; setback/misfortune.
  76. heaping (adjective) – accumulating.
  77. coherent (adjective) – united, consolidated, joined, combined; logical, reasonable, rational.
  78. awful (adjective) – shocking, terrible, horrible, very unpleasant/bad.
  79. dilly-dally (verb) – waste time, delay, linger.
  80. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  81. the legislature (noun) – a deliberative body of persons, usually elective, who are empowered to make, change, or repeal the laws of a country or state.
  82. instability (noun) – uncertainty, unpredictability, precariousness.
  83. woes (noun) – trouble, difficulty, problem.
  84. underneath (preposition) – beneath, below.
  85. devastating (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous.
  86. ravage (verb) – devastate, ruin, destroy.
  87. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  88. liberalise (verb) – to make something (regulations/norms) less strict.
  89. capital movement/flows (noun) – capital flows; when money for investment goes from one country to another.
  90. loom (verb) – emerge, appear, become visible, take a threatening shape.
  91. push (someone/something) over the cliff/edge (phrase) – to make someone/something start to behave uncontrollably.
  92. depression (noun) – recession, slump, decline, downturn, slowdown.
  93. boiling point (noun) – the point at which a condition becomes more serious (due to angry).
  94. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  95. deflect (verb) – deviate, distract, turn aside, aver, sidetrack.
  96. distress (noun) – difficulty, trouble, hardship.
  97. citizenry (noun) – all the people/citizens (of a place/country considered as a whole).
  98. galvanise (verb) – to cause someone to take action by exciting or shocking them; stimulate, encourage, inspire, stir, arouse, prompt, shock/stun.
  99. bread and butter (phrase) – living, livelihood, means of subsistence, income.
  100. hit the roof (phrase) – to become very angry.
  101. furthermore (adverb) – moreover, additionally, besides.
  102. the clock is ticking (phrase) – the time is passing quickly and there is not much time.
  103. default on (verb) – fail to pay, fail to honour, go back on, default on, break one’s word/promise (a commitment/contract).
  104. debt (noun) – liability, financial obligation, borrowed capital.
  105. grandstanding (noun) – a way of speaking or acting to get attention from the spectators (people) and then influencing them.
  106. chauvinist (adjective) – sectarian, isolationist, jingoistic.
  107. ideologue (noun) – an uncompromising follower/supporter/advocate of an ideology.
  108. context (noun) – situation; circumstances, conditions, state of affairs.
  109. escalating (adjective) – rising, increasing, intensifying.
  110. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  111. mobilise (verb) – bring (resources) into use for a particular purpose/cause.
  112. mobilisation (noun) – the act of bringing forces/people/resources together for a particular cause.
  113. upcountry (adjective) – innermost (part of a country).
  114. amidst (preposition) – amid, in the middle of; during.
  115. desperation (noun) – hopelessness, despair, distress.
  116. trigger (verb) – cause, prompt, set off, bring about.
  117. inclusivity (noun) – the quality of being inclusive without excluding people on grounds of gender, race, class, disability & etc.
  118. hard-line (noun) – strict & uncompromising policy.
  119. diaspora (noun) – the people who spread/scatter from their own country to places across the world.
  120. hijack (verb) – commandeer, seize/take over, expropriate, confiscate.
  121. forge (verb) – form, create, establish, set up.
  122. theatrics (noun) – (highly emotional and dramatic) incident, scene, spectacle.
  123. elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society.
  124. opportunism (noun) – expediency, exploitation, taking advantage, pragmatism, realism.
  125. embroil (verb) – involve, entangle, mix up.
  126. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement.
  127. aggravate (verb) – make worse, worsen, exacerbate, compound, increase/intensify.
  128. debacle (noun) – fiasco, failure, disaster.
  129. eventually (adverb) – in the end, finally, at last.
  130. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  131. cataclysmic (adjective) – disastrous, catastrophic, devastating, destructive.
  132. moreover (adverb) – besides, furthermore, in addition.
  133. address (verb) – tackle, deal with.
  134. squander (verb) – waste, misspend, misuse.
  135. hubris (noun) – excessive pride, vanity, self-importance, feeling of superiority/arrogance, self-confidence.
  136. polarise (verb) – separate into two opposing groups.
  137. undermine (verb) – weaken, subvert, sabotage, damage.
  138. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  139. frustration (noun) – disappointment, annoyance/irritation, dissatisfaction.
  140. renege (verb) – fail to honour, go back on, default on, break one’s word/promise (a commitment/contract).
  141. East Container Terminal (ECT) (noun) – Sri Lanka, Japan and India (in May 2019) signed an agreement to jointly develop the East Container Terminal at the Colombo Port.
  142. terminal (noun) – a specific part of a port dedicated to a particular activity. For example, on a port, there can be different terminals for oil and gas, crude oil, building materials, automobiles, and so on. A port is a central station that houses all of the terminals.
  143. impending (adjective) – imminent, forthcoming, coming, approaching.
  144. betrayal (noun) – disloyalty, bad faith, faithlessness, falseness.
  145. narrow (adjective) – intolerant, illiberal, conservative.
  146. lobbying (noun) – a group of people attempting to influence (the government / its official group/elected legislators) to create the actions, policies, or decisions to help a particular organization.
  147. nonsensical (adjective) – ridiculous, irrational, absurd.
  148. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  149. International Criminal Court (ICC) (noun) – it is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague, Netherlands. The ICC is the first and only permanent international court with jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.
  150. nevertheless (adverb) – in spite of everything, in spite of that, nonetheless, even so, however.
  151. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  152. equality (noun) – fairness, justness, impartiality.
  153. dignity (noun) – self-esteem, self-worth, self-respect.
  154. devolution (noun) – decentralization, delegation, distribution, pride/morale.
  155. beacon (noun) – guiding light; a source of inspiration.
  156. credibility (noun) – trustworthiness, reliability, integrity.
  157. call out (phrasal verb) – criticize someone for something (bad/incorrect) publicly and ask them to justify/explain it.
  158. despicable (adjective) – contemptible, loathsome, hateful.
  159. forthright (adjective) – frank, direct, straightforward, honest, candid, open.
  160. highlight (verb) – underline, underscore, emphasize, call attention to.
  161. ongoing (adjective) – continuing, happening/occurring.
  162. abuse (verb) – misuse, misapply, misemploy, mishandle.
  163. the spotlight (noun) – the public attention, the focus of public/media; the public eye.
  164. free fall (noun) – sudden decline of something; relating to something declining rapidly.
  165. indebted (adjective) – obliged, obligated, bound, duty-bound.
  166. disgruntled (adjective) – aggrieved, dissatisfied, unhappy/disappointed.
  167. aghast (adjective) – stunned, shocked, horrified, appalled, afraid, frightened, scared, spooked.
  168. destructive (adjective) – detrimental, deleterious, disadvantageous.
  169. resistance (noun) – opposition, refusal, denial.
  170. scapegoat (noun) – a person blamed for the wrongdoings/faults that someone else has done.
  171. in the face of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of; when confronted with.
  172. repression (noun) – suppression, oppression, quelling, restraining/stifling.
  173. pregnant with (adjective) – filled, charged, heavy, fraught, replete.
  174. fascist (noun) – authoritarian, isolationist; extreme right-winger, totalitarian.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Polarisation in times of dispossession) – Mar 30, 2021

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