The Hindu Lead Article (Our time begins now) – Oct 26, 2018

The Hindu Lead Article (Our time begins now) – Oct 26, 2018

Even at the time of its signing in 2015, it was clear that the Paris Agreement on climate change would not be enough to avoid global warming of 1.5° C over pre-industrial temperatures. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Our time begins now) – Oct 26, 2018.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Our time begins now) – Oct 26, 2018:

  1. stand to (phrasal verb) – be in a position, be ready.
  2. climate change (noun) – a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth (Courtesy: NASA).
  3. near-zero carbon economy (noun) – an economy which is based on near-zero carbon power sources that therefore has a near-zero output of carbon dioxide ( & other greenhouse gas) emissions.
  4. global warming (noun) – it is the unusually rapid increase in Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released as people burn fossil fuels.
  5. mount (verb) – increase, grow, rise.
  6. pledge (noun) – promise, undertaking, assurance/agreement.
  7. ambitious (adjective) – difficult, exacting, formidable/challenging.
  8. decisive (adjective) – resolute, firm, determined.
  9. pull out (phrasal verb) – withdraw, leave,  get out.
  10. teeter (verb) – stagger, fluctuate, oscillate.
  11. greenhouse gas (noun) – heat trapping gas; a gas (such as water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, etc) in the atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation, causing greenhouse effect and warming of Earth’s temperature. (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  12. resilience (noun) – strength, toughness; the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties.
  13. vulnerable (adjective) – prone to, subject to, wide open to.
  14. drought (noun) – lack/dry spell, lack of rain, shortage of water.
  15. multiplier effect (noun) – the outcome of government spending on its income.
  16. distress (noun) – danger/suffering, peril, difficulty.
  17. bulge (verb) – swell, stick out; be full of.
  18. dire (adjective) – terrible, dreadful, outrageous.
  19. strait (noun) – a bad/difficult situation; trouble, crisis.
  20. well-being (noun) – prosperity, success, fortune/wealth.
  21. strata (noun) – layer, level, echelon.
  22. hand-in-hand (phrase) – together, in partnership, closely.
  23. turn out (phrasal verb) – transpire, emerge, appear.
  24. synergy (noun) – collaboration, coordination, understanding.
  25. conceive (verb) – form, formulate; imagine/visualize.
  26. deliberate (verb) – think about, ponder, consider.
  27. scale up (noun) – increase, rise.
  28. ecological diversity (noun) – the number/variety of species in a community of organisms.
  29. call for (phrasal verb) – require, make necessary, demand.
  30. societal (adjective) – related to society.
  31. trade-off (noun) – a situation in which you must choose between or balance two things that are opposite or cannot be had at the same time; a compromise; swap, exchange.
  32. riverine (adjective) – situated on a river (bank).
  33. landslide (noun) – landslip, rockfall, earthslip.
  34. nevertheless (adverb) – in spite of that, nonetheless, however.
  35. nudge (noun) – encouragement, prompt, stimulus.
  36. procurement (noun) – the action of buying or purchasing something.
  37. far-reaching (adjective) – extensive, wide-ranging, sweeping.
  38. evacuation infrastructure (adjective) – infrastructrue to transmit power (electricity transmission lines) from one place to another.
  39. entrepreneur (noun) – businessman, businesswoman, business person.
  40. standalone (adjective) – separate, unconnected, self-contained.
  41. agro-ecology (noun) – the study of ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems.
  42. yield (verb) – give, provide, produce.
  43. trap (verb) – capture, catch; (Agriculture could pull/capture carbon out of the air and store into the soil to reduce CO2 in the atmosphere).
  44. isotropic (adjective) – having properties that are identical in all directions.
  45. peri-urban (adjective) – also called rurban space (blend of rural and urban), outskirts; relating to an area immediately next to a city (especially in Africa).
  46. hinterland (noun) – remote areas of a country away from the coastal areas/the banks of major rivers.
  47. fossil-fuel (noun) – non renewable resources (or fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas are formed from the buried /deposited organic materials).
  48. renewables (noun) – any naturally occurring source of energy, such solar or wind or water.
  49. academia (noun) – the community related to the education, research, etc.
  50. overlaid -past and past participle of overlay (verb) – cover, surface.
  51. luxury (adjective) – smart, exclusive, select.
  52. carbon tax (noun) – a tax levied on the carbon contents used by the burning fossil fuels (gasoline, natural gas, coal and oil) so as to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide) released into atmosphere.
  53. turn the tide (phrase) – reverse the trend of events.
  54. untapped (adjective) – dormant, inactive, unused/not yet exploited.

Note:   

Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Our time begins now) – Oct 26, 2018:

The Hindu Lead Article (Our time begins now) – Oct 26, 2018 The Hindu Lead Article (Our time begins now) – Oct 26, 2018

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