The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021

A pair of recent rulings gave us a glimmer of hope that the judiciary might yet serve as a tribune of people’s rights. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021:

  1. stellar (adjective) – exceptional, extraordinary, remarkable, outstanding.
  2. personal liberty (noun) – it means the liberty of an individual to behave as one pleases except for those restraints imposed by laws and codes of conduct of the society in which one lives to safeguard the physical, moral, political, and economic welfare of others.
  3. liberty (noun) – freedom, independence.
  4. judiciary (noun) – judges
  5. the judiciary (noun) – a branch of government in which judicial power is vested.
  6. far from (phrase) – not, not at all.
  7. glimmer (noun) – (a faint) sign, trace/ray, hint (of light/hope).
  8. tribune (noun) – a supporter, champion, advocate, protector (of the people).
  9. acquittal (noun) – declaration of innocence, clearing, discharge, release, vindication, exoneration.
  10. defamation (noun) – character assassination, libel, misrepresentation, vilification, backbiting, abuse, scandalmongering, malicious gossip.
  11. discharge (verb) – release, liberate, free.
  12. accusation (noun) – allegation, charge, indictment.
  13. dignity (noun) – self-esteem, self-worth, self-respect, pride/morale.
  14. supersede (verb) – replace, supplant, substitute, displace.
  15. reputation (noun) – good name, character, standing, stature, status, position.
  16. hold (verb) – rule, decide.
  17. harassment (noun) – persecution, persistent annoyance, coercion/intimidation.
  18. grievance (noun) – complaint, criticism, problem, objection/protest.
  19. bail (noun) – conditional, temporary release of an arrested/imprisoned person when a specified amount of security is deposited or pledged (as cash or property) to ensure his/her appearance in court when required.
  20. sedition (noun) – incitement (to riot/rebellion), agitation, trouble making/provocation (against the established government/authority).
  21. alleged (adjective) – supposed, claimed, professed, purported.
  22. toolkit (noun) – a document containing a set of details/resources/guidelines/suggestions/various urgent action items about something in order to get it done.
  23. lend (verb) – give, provide, impart, contribute.
  24. Farm Acts, 2000 (noun) – Farm Acts, 2000 refer to three agricultural bills passed by the Indian Parliament in September 2020. The three acts are “The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (FPTC Act) allows farmers to sell their harvest outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis without paying any State taxes or fees”, “the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 facilitates contract farming and direct marketing”, and “the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020 deregulates the production, storage, movement and sale of several major foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, edible oils and onion, except in the case of extraordinary circumstances”.
  25. prosecution (noun) – legal actionlegal proceeding, legal case.
  26. iota (noun) – a little bit, a small amount, small degree/extent, a fraction of something (used to emphasize a negative statement).
  27. innocuous (adjective) – harmless, inoffensive, unobjectionable.
  28. propitious (adjective) – favourable, promising, optimistic, advantageous, hopeful.
  29. anticipation (noun) – expectation, prediction/forecast.
  30. constrain (verb) – restrict, control, check, restrain.
  31. republic (noun) – a group of people involved in a particular activity with certain equality; “The Republic” is a form of government in which a state (country) is ruled by elected representatives of the people (citizen body).
  32. dissent (verb) – to express opposite/disagreeing/conflicting opinions/ideas.
  33. unexceptionable (adjective) – acceptable, reasonable, satisfactory, fair, good enough.
  34. undo (verb) – cancel, reverse, revoke, nullify, invalidate.
  35. wrought (verb) – (old) past and past participle of work; cause, effect.
  36. trial (noun) – hearing, inquiry, litigation, judicial proceedings.
  37. perpetrator (noun) – someone who does immoral, harmful, and illegal activity; offender, criminal, wrongdoer/evil-doer, culprit.
  38. speak out (phrasal verb) – express, articulate, communicate, convey, voice (something straightforwardly & publicly).
  39. at best (phrase) – only, merely.
  40. scanty (adjective) – limited, modest, minimal.
  41. sketchy (adjective) – incomplete, inadequate, vague, imprecise, superficial.
  42. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  43. scantling (noun) – sample, example,  illustration, demonstration, instance. 
  44. disdain (noun) – contempt, scorn, disrespect, dislike.
  45. anticipatory bail (noun) – Under Section 438 of the Criminal Procedure Code, the provision allows a person can request to get bail in anticipation of being accused of having committed a non-bailable offence in India.
  46. effectively (adverb) – practically, virtually, in effect, all but.
  47. interrogate (verb) – question, cross-examine, probe.
  48. bound to (adjective) – certain/sure, very likely, guaranteed.
  49. necessarily (adverb) – inevitably, certainly, surely, undoubtedly.
  50. deride (verb) – ridicule, mock, make fun of/insult.
  51. offence (noun) – attack, onslaught, assault; crime, illegal/unlawful act, misdeed, wrongdoing.
  52. draconian (adjective) – (of laws or punishments) extremely harsh, severe, strict, stringent, tough.
  53. blasphemy (noun) – the action or behaviour of someone which is not respectful of religious practice; irreligious, ungodly, unholy action/behaviour.
  54. unconstitutional (adjective) – undemocratic, autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  55. uphold (verb) – confirm, endorse/approve, vindicate/validate.
  56. legitimate (adjective) – valid, reasonable, reliable.
  57. ground (noun) – reason, factor, basis, rationale, premise.
  58. bounds (noun) – borders, boundaries, confines, restrictions, limits.
  59. fraught with (adjective) – full of, filled with, loaded with.
  60. grapple with (verb) – tackle, confront, deal with, cope with.
  61. err (verb) – make a mistake, be wrong,  be incorrect.
  62. emanate (verb) – emerge, ensue, come out, come forth; arise, originate, start.
  63. categorically (adverb) – absolutely, unquestionably, certainly, clearly, unequivocally, unambiguously.
  64. nonetheless (adverb) – notwithstanding, nevertheless, in spite of that/however.
  65. ought to (modal verb) – must, should.
  66. self-evident (adjective) – obvious, clear, visible, apparent.
  67. libellous (adjective) – false, untrue, misrepresentative, defamatory.
  68. disproportionate (adjective) – inordinate, excessive, uncalled for, unreasonable, unfair.
  69. Criminal Law (noun) – a complex system of laws concerned with punishment of individuals who commit crimes.
  70. ostensibly (adverb) – apparently, seemingly, supposedly.
  71. slanderous (adjective) – misrepresentative, defamatory, libellous.
  72. chilling (adjective) – frightening, terrifying, disturbing/horrifying.
  73. revoke (verb) – cancel, repeal, reverse, abrogate.
  74. criminalise (verb) – make something (an activity) illegal.
  75. invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, adduce.
  76. remnant (noun) – remains, remainder, rest.
  77. plainly (adjective) – simply.
  78. apparent (adjective) – evident/clear, visible, noticeable, recognizable.
  79. Indian Penal Code (IPC) (noun) – The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The draft was passed into law on 6 October 1860. The Code came into operation on 1 January 1862. The Indian Penal Code of 1860, subdivided into 23 chapters, comprises 511 sections. IPC deals with crimes and punishments.
  80. explicit (adjective) – clear, straightforward, definite, specific, categorical.
  81. repress (verb) – suppress, quell, quash, oppress.
  82. dissent (noun) – disagreement, difference of opinion, opposition.
  83. regime (noun) – government.
  84. prospect (noun) – possibilities, chances.
  85. imprisonment (noun) – incarceration, custody, confinement.
  86. ominous (adjective) – threatening, menacing, inauspicious, unpromising, unfavourable.
  87. disaffection (noun) – dissatisfaction, disgruntlement, discontent.
  88. disloyalty (noun) – breach of faith/trust, betrayal, unfaithfulness, falseness.
  89. enmity (noun) – hostility, opposition, hatred/hate, bitterness.
  90. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, requirement, condition.
  91. read down (phrase) – an instance of a court urging that a statute must be construed/interpreted legally, if fairly possible, so as to save it from being declared illegal.
  92. seditious (adjective) – provocative, agitational; dissident/insurgent.
  93. tendency (noun) – inclination, disposition, penchant.
  94. public order (noun) – it is essentially the absence of disorder – the quiet and orderly behaviour of people in public space. It involves people behaving sensibly and rationally, and respecting others.
  95. proximate (adjective) – immediate, nearest, near, closest, close.
  96. disorder (noun) – unrest, disruption, upheaval, turmoil, mayhem.
  97. weaponise (verb) – use as a weapon.
  98. inoffensive (adjective) – harmless, unobjectionable, unexceptionable, unoffending.
  99. Section 153A of the IPC (noun) – it deals with speech that seeks to promote enmity between different communities.
  100. Section 295A of the IPC (noun) – it criminalises speech that outrages religious feelings, are also vestiges of colonialism.
  101. outrage (verb) – offend, infuriate, stir up, displease/anger.
  102. vestige (noun) – indication, sign, trace/mark.
  103. colonialism (noun) – the act of controlling & exploiting a country/territory (& its people) by another country/territory.
  104. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  105. aid (verb) – facilitate, help, assist.
  106. hate speech (noun) – abusive or disrespectful speech.
  107. so much as (phrase) – hardly, barely, scarcely.
  108. dislodge (verb) – remove, move, displace.
  109. bewail (verb) – deplore, complain about, lament.
  110. state of affairs (phrase) – condition, situation, circumstances.
  111. ruse (noun) – ploy, tactic, trick, stratagem, cunning plan, manoeuvre, machination, smokescreen.
  112. deprivation (noun) – dispossession, withdrawal, removal, taking away, stripping.
  113. augur well (verb) – bode, indicate, portend (a good outcome).
  114. languish (verb) – suffer, experience hardship; be abandoned, be neglected, be forgotten.
  115. quell (verb) – suppress, silence, repress.
  116. quash (verb) – cancel, reverse, repeal, revoke, overrule, rule against.
  117. interim (adjective) – provisional, temporary, transitional.  
  118. what is more (phrase) – moreover.
  119. actor (noun) – participants (in an action).
  120. plead (verb) – appeal, request, ask earnestly, call on.
  121. play a part/role (phrase) – contribute to, be instrumental in, be a factor in.
  122. to be sure (phrase) – certainly, surely; used to highlight something.
  123. highlight (verb) – underline, underscore, emphasize, call attention to.
  124. jurisprudence (noun) – legal system.
  125. malaise (noun) – trouble, uneasiness, unhappiness, depression.
  126. discretion (noun) – choice, option, preference, disposition.
  127. vest (verb) – confer on, grant to, give to.
  128. invariably (adverb) – always, every time, each time.
  129. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  130. arbitrary (adjective) – whimsical, irrational, casual; autocratic, draconian, anti-democratic.
  131. uncertainty (noun) – unpredictability, unreliability, riskiness/precariousness.
  132. (be) couple with (verb) – combine, integrate, connect, incorporate, link.
  133. prevailing (adjective) – existing; current, present.
  134. distrust (noun) – mistrust, suspicion, lack of trust.
  135. flow from (phrase) – come from, be rooted in, originate from, emanate from.
  136. erasure (noun) – obliteration, removal, eradication/wiping out.
  137. rule of law (phrase) – it is described as “a principle of governance in which all persons, institutions and entities, public and private, including the State itself, are accountable to laws that are publicly promulgated, equally enforced and independently adjudicated, and which are consistent with international human rights norms and standards.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Not so stellar in protecting personal liberty) – Mar 05, 2021

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