The Hindu Lead Article (More about Big Government than Big Tech) – Mar 01, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (More about Big Government than Big Tech) – Mar 01, 2021

Last week, the Union Government issued a set of rules under the Information Technology Act, noting that it was superseding rules issued under Section 79 of that statute in 2011. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (More about Big Government than Big Tech) – Mar 01, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (More about Big Government than Big Tech) – Mar 01, 2021:

  1. Big Tech (noun) – the largest and most dominant companies in the information technology industry of the United States, namely Amazon, Apple, Google & Facebook.
  2. Information Technology Act (noun) – it is an Act of the Indian Parliament notified on 17 October 2000. It is the primary law in India dealing with cybercrime and electronic commerce.
  3. fall in line (phrase) – conform to, comply with, abide by, obey, follow, adhere (to the rules).
  4. supersede (verb) – replace, supplant, substitute, displace.
  5. The Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 (noun) – the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021 has been framed in exercise of powers under section 87 (2) of the Information Technology Act, 2000 and in supersession of the earlier Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines) Rules 2011. It empowers ordinary users of social media, embodying a mechanism for the redressal and timely resolution of their grievances. Rules about digital media and OTT focuses more on in house and self-regulation mechanism whereby a robust grievance redressal mechanism has been provided while upholding journalistic and creative freedom. The guidelines have been framed keeping in mind the difference between viewership in a theatre and television as compared to watching it on the Internet.
  6. Section 79 in The Information Technology Act, 2000 (noun) – Section 79 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 exempts intermediaries from liability in certain instances. It states that intermediaries will not be liable for any third-party information, data, or communication link made available by them.
  7. statute (noun) – act/law, regulation, rule (written & laid down by the legislature).
  8. due diligence (noun) – reasonable, careful assessment/investigation done in advance.
  9. obligation (noun) – duty, responsibility, commitment.
  10. intermediary (noun) – social media website, eCommerce website, blogging platform, search engine, telecom provider, Internet platform (hosting user-generated content), cloud provider, etc.
  11. immunity (noun) – protection, impunity, exemption from something.
  12. liability (noun) – accountability, responsibility, legal responsibility, answerability.
  13. the executive (noun) – the executive is a branch of government that enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.
  14. subordinate (noun) – supplementary, additional.
  15. dramatic (adjective) – noticeable, considerable, substantial, significant.
  16. cement (verb) – establish firmly.
  17. censorship (noun) – the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or inconvenient.
  18. mandate (verb) – make mandatory/necessary; require.
  19. compliance (noun) – conformity, observation, adherence.
  20. policing (noun) – the enforcement of regulations; supervision, overseeing, monitoring, inspection.
  21. in the absence of (phrase) – without.
  22. swathe (noun) – a wide area of something.
  23. regulatory (adjective) – supervisory, managerial, controlling.
  24. seek (verb) – try, aim, attempt.
  25. parliamentary study/scrutiny (noun) – the close examination and investigation of government policies, actions, and spending by the parliamentary (standing & select) committees.
  26. scrutiny (noun) – examination, inspection, investigation.
  27. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  28. outset (noun) – beginning, start.
  29. with respect to (phrase) – concerning, regarding, relating to, with reference to.
  30. leave alone (phrase) – stop disturbing something, stop interfering with something.
  31. constitutionality (noun) – the condition of acting in accordance with an applicable constitution.
  32. outline (verb) – indicate, define, summarize.
  33. cloud (verb) – mess up, spoil, ruin, vitiate.
  34. curious (adjective) – strange/unusual, unconventional, surprising.
  35. stand (noun) – attitude, point of view, opinion, standpoint.
  36. gazette (noun) – newsletter, bulletin.
  37. Section 69A of IT Act, 2000 (noun) – Section 69A of the Information Technology Act, 2000, was introduced by an amendment to the Act in 2008. It gives the Central government the power to block public access to any information online — whether on websites or mobile apps.
  38. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  39. oversee (verb) – supervise, be in charge of, look after, keep an eye on, inspect.
  40. stand-off (noun) – deadlock, stalemate, impasse (in a dispute/conflict).
  41. legislation (noun) – body of laws, rules, regulations, statutes.
  42. substantive (adjective) – important, significant, considerable.
  43. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, requirement, condition.
  44. lay out (phrasal verb) – outline, frame, draft, draw up, formulate.
  45. directive (noun) – instruction, direction, command, order.
  46. mandate (noun) – authority, endorsement, approval, authorization.
  47. precisely (adverb) – exactly, absolutely, squarely.
  48. in order to (phrase) – with the purpose/aim of.
  49. make use of (phrase) – use, utilize, employ.
  50. safe harbour (noun) – a place of safety.
  51. retention (noun) – the continued possession & use of something.
  52. enable (verb) – permit, allow, facilitate.
  53. encrypted (adjective) – concealed/hidden with secret code.
  54. flaw (noun) – defect, fault, imperfection/weakness.
  55. mechanism (noun) – procedure, process, method/technique.
  56. streaming (noun) – a process of transmitting or receiving (data, especially video and audio material) over the internet.
  57. self-regulatory (adjective) – controlled by the people involved in something, instead of by outside organizations or rules.
  58. ambit (noun) – limits, scope, purview.
  59. the Cinematograph Act (noun) – The Cinematograph Act, 1952 (the Act), ensures that films fulfil the objectives prescribed by law. In the Act is a provision for the establishment of a Central Board of Film Certification (the Board). This is the regulatory body in India that issues a certificate to the makers of films for public exhibition.
  60. Bill (noun) – A Bill is a draft statute that becomes law after it is passed by both the Houses of Parliament and assented to by the President. All legislative proposals are brought before Parliament in the forms of Bills.
  61. ambitious (adjective) – formidable, challenging, demanding; aspiring.
  62. uncertain (adjective) – unpredictable, unsettled, unreliable; unsure, doubtful, dubious.
  63. sprawling (adjective) – stretching, extending, spreading out (over a large area).
  64. house-of-cards (phrase) – used to refer to something (structure/scheme/situation, etc.) which is shaky/insecure.
  65. instrument (noun) – mechanism, apparatus, system, means (to achieve/attain something).
  66. shadow (noun) – gloominess, murkiness, obscurity; a trace of something.
  67. ecosystem (noun) – complex situation/environment.
  68. push back (phrasal verb) – force back, repel, fight off.
  69. pushback (noun) – unfavourable reaction; opposition.
  70. surveillance (noun) – monitoring, observation, scrutiny, inspection.
  71. institutionalised (adjective) – established (as an official act).
  72. oversight (noun) – monitoring, supervision, surveillance, inspection.
  73. checks and balances (plural noun) – a system in which all departments of a government organization have the right to amend/limit the powers of the other departments in order to avoid the dominance of one department.
  74. abuse (noun) – misuse, misapplication, misemployment, mishandling.
  75. make up one’s mind (phrase) – decide, be decisive, make a decision.
  76. keen (adjective) – eager, very interested, wanting (to do something).
  77. entity (noun) – organization, institution, establishment, outfit.
  78. overboard (adjective) – excessive, unreasonable, inordinate.
  79. regulate (verb) – control, oversee, administer something (by using rules and regulations).
  80. statutory (adjective) – legitimate, acceptable, permissible.
  81. framework (noun) – structure, system organization.
  82. cost (noun) – penalty, sacrifice, loss.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (More about Big Government than Big Tech) – Mar 01, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (More about Big Government than Big Tech) – Mar 01, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (More about Big Government than Big Tech) – Mar 01, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (More about Big Government than Big Tech) – Mar 01, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (More about Big Government than Big Tech) – Mar 01, 2021

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