The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021

On Sunday, the government of Uttar Pradesh released a “Population Policy” in which it stated its intention to bring the gross fertility rate in the State down from the existing 2.7 to 2.1 by 2026. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021:

  1. welfare (noun) – social security, government/state benefit, public assistance.
  2. conditional (adjective) – with conditions attached, restrictive.
  3. stamp (noun) – hallmark, indication, sure sign.
  4. coercion (noun) – it means compelling an individual to act against his/her will by the use of psychological pressure or physical force causing bodily injury; force/pressure, oppression, harassment, intimidation.
  5. reading (noun) – interpretation, understanding, explanation, analysis.
  6. Uttar Pradesh Draft Population (Control, Stabilisation and Welfare) Bill, 2021 (noun) – The Uttar Pradesh State Law Commission has prepared a proposed draft Bill for population control, under which a two-child norm will be implemented and promoted. The Bill aims to revitalize efforts and provide for measures to control, stabilize and provide welfare to the population of the State by by implementation and promotion of two-child norm and for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto.
  7. grossly (adverb) – flagrantly, unacceptably; extremely, excessively.
  8. impinge on (verb) – influence, have an effect on.
  9. reproductive rights (noun) – Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health.
  10. gross (adjective) – total, full, entire, complete.
  11. fertility rate (noun) – the average number of children a woman would give birth to during her life time.
  12. gross/total fertility rate (TFR) (noun) – the average number of children a woman would give birth to during her lifetime if she were to pass through her childbearing years (15-49 years) experiencing the present day age-specific fertility
  13. enactment (noun) – passing, making law, ratification.
  14. legislation (noun) – body of laws, rules, regulations, statutes.
  15. be on the anvil (phrase) – in a state/condition of discussion (not implemented); being discussed or prepared but it is not yet completed to be put into action.
  16. ominous (adjective) – threatening, menacing, inauspicious, unpromising, unfavourable.
  17. incentive (noun) – motivation, encouragement, impetus, boost.
  18. disincentive (noun) – deterrent, discouragement, counterincentive.
  19. stabilisation (noun) – an act of making something more stable.
  20. seek (verb) – try, aim, attempt.
  21. adhere to (verb) – abide by, follow, obey, comply with.
  22. norm (noun) – standard, convention, (the) usual/normal.
  23. disentitle (verb) – ban, bar, disbar, debar.
  24. breach (verb) – break, contravene, violate.
  25. subsidy (noun) – also called subvention; a financial contribution granted to help an industry or business, mostly given by a government, in order to keep the price of service/goods at a low level.
  26. (be) rooted in (verb) – embed, fix, firmly establish, implant.
  27. steep in (phrasal verb) – fill with, surround with, imbue with, pervade with.
  28. myth (noun) – mistaken belief, misconception, fallacy, false notion, misbelief, fairy story, fairy tale.
  29. invariably (adverb) – always, every time, each time.
  30. instil (verb) – introduce, inspire, implant, inculcate.
  31. discrimination (noun) – prejudice, intolerance, inequity, unfairness (against an individual or group of individuals by society and its institutions (basically in the procedures, policies or objectives) as a whole.
  32. disparately (adverb) – distinctly, differently, unrelatedly, unconnectedly.
  33. vulnerable (adjective) – undefended, easily damaged/hurt, powerless, helpless, unprotected.
  34. Bill (noun) – A Bill is a draft statute that becomes law after it is passed by both the Houses of Parliament and assented to by the President. All legislative proposals are brought before Parliament in the forms of Bills.
  35. echo (verb) – repeat, say again, restate, reiterate.
  36. ecological (adjective) – environment-friendly, eco-friendly, natural.
  37. regulate (verb) – control, oversee, administer, govern something (by using rules and regulations).
  38. provision (noun) – distribution, supplying, providing, furnishing.
  39. invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, adduce.
  40. buzzword (noun) – a very popular word/phrase at a particular time/event.
  41. sustainable (adjective) – reasonable, sensible, well-founded (without disturbing the balance of nature and then without exhausting all of the natural resources).
  42. to that end (phrase) – for that reason.
  43. postulate (verb) – put forward, propose, posit, suppose, suggest.
  44. array (noun) – list, line-up.
  45. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  46. undergo (verb) – be subjected to, go through.
  47. sterilisation (noun) – the surgical procedure which permanently prevents a person’s capability of reproduction.
  48. maternity (noun) – motherhood; the state of being a mother.
  49. paternity (noun) – fatherhood; the state of being a father.
  50. spouse (noun) – husband, wife, partner.
  51. as far as (phrase) – to the extent that.
  52. euphemistically (adverb) – politely/mildly & indirectly.
  53. debar (verb) – prevent, prohibit, proscribe, disallow, ban.
  54. welfare (noun) – a government program that provides (financial) assistance to individuals and families in need; social security, public assistance.
  55. infringe (verb) – transgress, breach, contravene, disobey, break.
  56. transgressing (adjective) – infringing, breaching, contravening, disobeying, breaking.
  57. ponder (verb) – think about, consider, contemplate, review, reflect on.
  58. regulation (noun) – rule, ruling, order, act, law.
  59. at all (phrase) – under any circumstances, by any means, to any extent, in any way.
  60. legitimate (adjective) – legal, lawful, constitutional.
  61. efficacious (adjective) – effective, successful, powerful.
  62. public health (noun) – public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy-making, and research for disease and injury prevention.
  63. concede (verb) – admit, acknowledge, accept, recognize.
  64. affidavit (noun) – sworn statement, self-attestation, self-declaration.
  65. counter-productive (adjective) – harmful, damaging, dangerous/destructive.
  66. demographic (adjective) – relating to the statistical study/structure of populations, especially human beings.
  67. distortion (noun) – misrepresentation, falsification, misreporting, misstatement, manipulation.
  68. obligation (noun) – duty, responsibility, commitment, necessary condition, requirement.
  69. International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Programme of Action (noun) – The Fifth International Conference on Population and Development was held in Cairo (Capital of Egypt) from 5 to 13 September 1994 under the auspices (guidance/support) of the United Nations. The Conference adopted the Programme of Action by consensus, which emphasized the fundamental role of women’s interests in population matters and introduced the concepts of sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights. A new definition of population policy was advanced, giving prominence to reproductive health and the empowerment of women.
  70. pledge (noun) – promise, undertaking, oath, agreement, assurance.
  71. foremost (adjective) – most important.
  72. look beyond (phrase) – to look forward to a time in the future after some situation.
  73. inalienable (adjective) – inviolable/unchallengeable, absolute/inherent.
  74. facet (noun) – aspect, feature, characteristic/nuance.
  75. personal liberty (noun) – it means the liberty of an individual to behave as one pleases except for those restraints imposed by laws and codes of conduct of the society in which one lives to safeguard the physical, moral, political, and economic welfare of others.
  76. liberty (noun) – freedom; option, choice.
  77. Article 21 of the Constitution of India (noun) – Protection of life and personal liberty. No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.
  78. procreate (verb) – reproduce, produce offspring, breed.
  79. abstain from (verb) – refrain, desist, avoid, hold back.
  80. ruling (noun) – judgement, adjudication, verdict.
  81. endorse (verb) – uphold, support, ratify, approve.
  82. bench (noun) – a court of law with a number of judges.
  83. plurality (noun) – a large number of people (coexist in a community).
  84. autonomy (noun) – independence, freedom, self-determination.
  85. extension (noun) – wideningenhancement, development, continuation.
  86. hold (verb) – rule; decide.
  87. partake (verb) – participate, take part/join, engage.
  88. connotation (noun) – meaning, understanding, reading, explanation.
  89. comprehend (verb) – understand, realize, fathom.
  90. among other things (phrase) – used to indicate that there are several more things like the one mentioned, but that you do not intend to mention them all.
  91. intimate (adjective) – personal, private, confidential, secret.
  92. govern (verb) – regulate, control.
  93. procreation (noun) – reproduction.
  94. constituent (adjective) – integral (part/unit).
  95. boundless (adjective) – limitless, unlimited, unbounded.
  96. conform (verb) – comply with, abide by, obey, observe, follow, adhere to.
  97. doctrine (noun) – principle, belief, rule.
  98. doctrine of proportionality (noun) – the doctrine of proportionality entails/requires that an administrative decision, which is taken through the exercise of discretionary powers, must be in the extent to the consequences that follow from implementing that decisions.
  99. statute (noun) – act/law, regulation, rule (written & laid down by the legislature).
  100. intrusive (adjective) – intruding, interfering, unwanted, unwelcome; annoying, irritating, interrupting, disturbing.
  101. rational (adjective) – logical, well reasoned, sensible, reasonable.
  102. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, take part in (an activity).
  103. public interest (noun) – the public good; the advantage/benefit of the community in general.
  104. encroach upon (verb) – intrude, trespass, impinge, infiltrate, violate, interfere with.
  105. degree (noun) – level, extent.
  106. ought to (modal verb) – must, should.
  107. hallmark (noun) – indication, sure sign, stamp.  
  108. welfare state (noun) – a form of government in which the state protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of the citizens, based upon the principles of equal opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for citizens unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. A system wherein the government agrees to underwrite certain levels of employment, income, education, medical, social security and housing for all its citizens.
  109. provisional (adjective) – temporary, interim, transitional, makeshift.
  110. bodily (adverb) – physical, sensual.
  111. by all accounts (phrase) – allegedly, apparently, seemingly, ostensibly.
  112. fall/run afoul of (phrase) – get into trouble, come into conflict with, go against (by not following rules/standards).
  113. concession (noun) – admission, acknowledgement, acceptance.
  114. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  115. a host of (noun) – a lot, a large number, a great quantity.
  116. deleterious (adjective) – harmful, damaging, adverse, disadvantageous, unfavourable, unfortunate, undesirable.
  117. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  118. skewed (adjective) – asymmetrical, unevenly balanced, unequal.
  119. sex ratio (noun) – the ratio/proportion of males to females in a population.
  120. compound (verb) – intensify, increase, exacerbate, heighten, aggravate, worsen.
  121. abort (verb) – terminate (a foetus/fetus); miscarry. (a foetus/fetus is an unborn baby/child).
  122. proliferation (noun) – rapid increase, rise, escalation.
  123. deprecate (verb) – criticize, censure, condemn.
  124. disparate (adjective) – different, differing, dissimilar, contrasting.
  125. uphold (verb) – confirm, endorse/approve, vindicate/validate.
  126. far more (phrase) – a lot more, much more.
  127. disproportionate (adjective) – inordinate, excessive, uncalled for, unreasonable, unfair.
  128. virtually (adverb) – practically.
  129. sanction (verb) – punish, impose a penalty on.
  130. civil death (noun) – the loss of all or almost all civil rights by a person due to a conviction for a felony (a violent crime) or due to an act by the government of a country that results in the loss of civil rights.
  131. no longer (phrase) – not anymore.
  132. fly in the face of (phrase) – go against, flout, defy, disobey, disregard, ignore; break, violate, contravene, breach.
  133. rousing (adjective) – stirring, inspiring, exciting, stimulating, moving.
  134. legacy (noun) – something received from a predecessor or from the past.
  135. tangible (verb) – real, actual, solid, concrete, substantial, well defined.
  136. invade (verb) – occupy, conquer, capture, seize, take over.
  137. repugnant to (adjective) – incompatible with, in conflict with, contrary to, at variance with.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Making welfare conditional is a stamp of coercion) – Jul 15, 2021

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