The Hindu Lead Article (Losing a nation, in seven acts) – Feb 21, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Losing a nation, in seven acts) – Feb 21, 2020

Are we losing our country? This is the question that Ece Temelkuran, a Turkish journalist and writer,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Losing a nation, in seven acts) – Feb 21, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Losing a nation, in seven acts) – Feb 21, 2020:

  1. descent (noun) – decline, deterioration, degeneration, sinking.
  2. saptapadi (noun) – (Sanskrit) seven steps.
  3. intimately (adverb) – in a method that involves thorough knowledge of something.
  4. authentic (adjective) – original, real, actual, true.
  5. unjustly (adverb) – unfairly, wrongly, unreasonably.
  6. marginalised (adjective) – treated as insignificant, treated as unimportant, neglected (people).
  7. assorted (adjective) – various, diverse/different, miscellaneous.
  8. conspiracy (noun) – unlawful plan, intrigue, collaboration/deception.
  9. rationality (noun) – practicality, viability, possibility/stability.
  10. thrust upon (verb) – force, impel, compel, demand, pressurize (someone) to accept something.
  11. shed (verb) – discard, get rid of, abandon.
  12. in the name of (phrase) – for the sake of, at the behest of.
  13. indigeneity (noun) – naturalness, naturality, ingenuousness, spontaneity.
  14. co-option (noun) – incorporation, integration, appropriation.
  15. checks and balances (plural noun) – a system in which all departments of a government organization have right to amend/limit the powers of the other departments in order to avoid dominance of one department.
  16. pre-calibrated (adjective) – carefully assessed/adjusted beforehand (in advance).
  17. normalcy (noun) – a normal condition; normality, regularity.
  18. shrug off (phrasal verb) – disregard, dismiss, ignore.
  19. weight (noun) – importance, significance, value/power.
  20. liberal (adjective) – progressive, forward-thinking, enlightened, broad-minded, reformist.
  21. secular (adjective) – non-religious, worldly, earthly.
  22. irrelevance (noun) – inapplicability, unconnectedness, unrelatedness.
  23. despair (noun) – desperation, distress, pain.
  24. resistance (noun) – opposition to, refusal to accept, unwillingness/disinclination/reluctance to accept.
  25. liberal (noun) – revolutionary, radical, reformer, broad-minded people.
  26. mark (verb) – characterize, distinguish, identify.
  27. built-in (adjective) – basic, fundamental, essential.
  28. give way to (phrasal verb) – yield, give in, submit.
  29. disbelief (noun) – doubtfulness, mistrust, questioning.
  30. incredulous (adjective) – doubtful, unbelieving, unconvinced.
  31. exclamation (noun) – cry, shout, sudden utterance.
  32. get away with (phrasal verb) – escape blame for, escape punishment for.
  33. persuasively (adverb) – convincingly, effectively, powerfully, strongly.
  34. to name (but) a few (phrase) – to give only a few examples, even though there are a lot of examples available to look at.
  35. under way (phrase) – going on, happening, in progress.
  36. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  37. resemblance (noun) – similarity, likeness, comparison.
  38. uncanny (adjective) – striking, exceptional, remarkable, noteworthy, considerable.
  39. distinctiveness (noun) – characteristics, individuality, uniqueness.
  40. striking (adjective) – noticeable, obvious, evident, visible. 
  41. oddly enough (phrase) – strangely enough; used for saying that something is not what you would expect in a particular situation.
  42. hold out a mirror (phrase) – put a mirror in front of someone so they can see their reflection.
  43. phenomenon (noun) – occurrence, event, happening.
  44. relativise (verb) – treat as relative to something else.
  45. be accustomed to (verb) – be used to; come to terms with, learn to live with, make familiar with.
  46. draw attention to (phrase) – emphasize, highlight, underscore; focus on.
  47. authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  48. communalism (noun) – adherence/obedience to one’s own ethnic group (against the principle/practice of living together in a wider society).
  49. flag off (verb) – signal, give a sign to, indicate.
  50. neoliberalism (noun) – new/revived liberal principles.
  51. formulaic (adjective) – standard, routine, conventional, run-of-the-mill.
  52. rant (noun) – talk/speak in a noisy, uncontrolled, or angry way; tirade, verbal onslaught.
  53. ought to (modal verb) – must, should.
  54. deprive of (verb) – dispossess, strip of, deny, prevent from having.
  55. discredit (verb) – disgrace, dishonour, devalue.
  56. welfarism (noun) – the principles/policies of a welfare state.
  57. communitarian (adjective) – relating to a philosophy that emphasizes the connection between the individual and the community.
  58. undermine (verb) – reduce, spoil, damage.
  59. self-evidently (adverb) – obviously, clearly, evidently, manifestly.
  60. invisible (adjective) – unnoticeable, indistinguishable, indiscernible.
  61. incredibly (adverb) – extremely, remarkably, really.
  62. prime (verb) – prepare, brief, advise, notify, give information to.
  63. swiftness (noun) – promptness, immediateness, rapidity.
  64. credit (verb) – be accredited with, trust, be recognized as.
  65. bigotry (noun) – partiality, unfairness, injustice.
  66. tutor (verb) – teach, instruct, train.
  67. addressee (noun) – the person to whom something is addressed.
  68. scepticism (noun) – doubt, suspicion/mistrust, wariness, lack of conviction.
  69. mean (adjective) – average, common, normal.
  70. pride on (verb) – be proud ofrevel in, take satisfaction in, delight in.
  71. wear one’s (heart) on one’s sleeve (phrase) – make one’s feelings/activities apparent.
  72. cynicism (noun) – disbelief, pessimism, doubtfulness.
  73. concocted (adjective) – fabricated, invented/devised, manufactured.
  74. alternative facts (noun) – something presented as a fact for reasons of political expediency (gain/advantage); lies, falsehoods, untruths, delusions.
  75. disconnect (noun) – lack of connection; discrepancy.
  76. composition (noun) – formation, structure, organization.
  77. intellectual (noun) – learned person, academic, scholar.
  78. distinct (adjective) – different, separate, discrete.
  79. monopolize (verb) – control, take over, dominate.
  80. intellectual (adjective) – academic, knowledgeable, literary, enlightened/scholarly.
  81. insider (noun) – member, staff member, employee.
  82. antipathy (noun) – hostility, aversion, opposition.
  83. the corridors/halls of power (phrase) – the top/senior level of government.
  84. bureaucrat (noun) – a powerful officer, civil servant, functionary.
  85. autonomous (adjective) – self-governing, independent, self-determining.
  86. cut off (phrasal verb) – block, stop, end/discontinue.
  87. come to terms with (phrase) – accept, adjust to, reach an acceptance.
  88. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  89. relative (adjective) – respective, comparable, correlative, parallel, corresponding.
  90. scarcity (noun) – shortage, dearth/lack, rarity.
  91. right-wing (adjective) – conservative, rightist, alt-right.
  92. matter of concern (phrase) – something which causes worry.
  93. moderation (noun) – self-restraint, self-control, self-discipline.
  94. pursuit (noun) – aspiration, quest, search.
  95. resentment (noun) – bitterness, indignation, enmity, hatred/hate.
  96. play out (phrasal verb) – happen, occur, take place.
  97. irreparable (adjective) – irreversible, irremediable, unrecoverable.
  98. ecosystem (noun) – complex situation/environment.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Losing a nation, in seven acts) – Feb 21, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Losing a nation, in seven acts) – Feb 21, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Losing a nation, in seven acts) – Feb 21, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Losing a nation, in seven acts) – Feb 21, 2020

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