The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has had the paradoxical effects of reinforcing U.S. President Donald Trump’s politics on the one hand… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020:

  1. spur (verb) – motivate, stimulate, encourage, urge, galvanize.
  2. self-reflection (noun) – serious thinking about one’s own feelings/actions.
  3. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  4. paradoxical (adjective) – contradictory, conflicting, confusing.
  5. reinforce (verb) – strengthen, fortify, bolster up, underpin.
  6. on the one hand (phrase) – it is used to introduce the first of two contrasting different, points, facts, or ways of looking at something.  It is always followed later by on the other hand or ‘on the other’.
  7. have everything going for you (phrase) – to have all the qualities that are certain to make you to become successful.
  8. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  9. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  10. ironically (adverb) – paradoxically, unexpectedly, strangely.
  11. spectrum (noun) – wide range, gamut, ambit.
  12. nationalism (noun) – it refers to a system (with narrow set of ideas) created by a group of people who believe their nation is superior to all others. It is also a perception of national superiority and an orientation toward national dominance- called as chauvinism (excessive nationalism).
  13. significantly (adverb) – notably, importantly, seriously, crucially.
  14. belligerence (adjective) – aggressive behaviour, warlike behaviour, determination, resistance, combativeness.
  15. president-elect (noun) – a president who has been elected but not yet installed would be referred to as a president-elect (e.g. President-elect of the United States).
  16. on the mat (phrase) – in a position to face a reprimand/criticism/rebuke; become involved in argument/fight about something fiercely.
  17. appropriate (verb) – seize, take over, assume, secure, acquire, wrest.
  18. rhetoric (noun) – the art of speaking or writing effectively & persuasively or impressively (but, often lacking substance); bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  19. universal (adjective) – general, ubiquitous, comprehensive, omnipresent, all-around.
  20. liberal (adjective) – wide-ranging, broad-based, general.
  21. euphoria (noun) – elation, excitement, delight/happiness.
  22. flawed (adjective) – defective, faulty, distorted, inaccurate.
  23. reasoning (noun) – (logical & sensible) thinking, thought, contemplation, pondering.
  24. desolation (noun) – sorrow, depression, unhappiness.
  25. neo-liberal (adjective) – relating to an ideology that emphasizes individual interests; (In general, it is relating to an economic policy model that supports value of free market competition by the private sectors which with little government control over it).
  26. socialist (noun) – a person who is following the principles of socialism; leftist, left-winger.
  27. structured (adjective) – organized.
  28. critique (noun) – analysis, evaluation, assessment, appraisal, review.
  29. scattergun approach (noun) – another term for scattershot approach, randomized/unfocused approach.
  30. cocktail (noun) – mixture of different substances.
  31. inebriate (verb) – make intoxicated, make someone under the influence of someone/something.
  32. the establishment (noun) – the powers that be, the authorities, the regime, bureaucracy, officialdom.
  33. shared (adjective) – common.
  34. people of colour (noun) – it is primarily used in the United States to describe people who are not considered white.
  35. savage (adjective) – vicious, harsh, fierce, stinging; terrible, awful, devastating.
  36. bluster (noun) – talking in an aggressive way; bullying, domineering.
  37. underlying (adjective) – fundamental, basic, primary.
  38. overlook (verb) – miss, fail to notice, leave unnoticed.
  39. debility (noun) – incapacity, impairment, frailty, weakness.
  40. Trumpian (noun) – relating to the philosophy, rhetoric, and style of Donald Trump.
  41. cultural politics (noun) – it refers to the way that culture – including people’s attitudes, opinions, beliefs and perspectives, as well as the media and arts – shapes society and political opinion, and gives rise to social, economic and legal realities.
  42. counter (verb) – oppose, resist, tackle, face, confront.
  43. ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  44. top up (phrasal verb) – add to something in order to raise it to a desired level.
  45. environmentalism (noun) – a social movement or as an ideology focused on the welfare of the environment. Environmentalism seeks to protect and conserve the elements of earth’s ecosystem.
  46. empirically (adverb) – actually, really, practically.
  47. anxiety (noun) – concern, apprehension, disquiet.
  48. driver (noun) – something which makes some other important things to happen/develop.
  49. dispossession (noun) – deprivation/deprival, privation, eviction, legal ouster.
  50. apparently (adverb) – seemingly, evidently, it appears that.
  51. influence (noun) – power, authority, sway, leverage, weight.
  52. upfront (adverb) – openly, frankly, candidly, forthrightly.
  53. exceptionalism (noun) – the state of being special, exceptional or unique. The belief that a country, society, or individual, is “exceptional” (i.e., extraordinary).
  54. dubious (adjective) – suspicious, questionable, doubtful.
  55. dismiss (verb) – reject, deny.
  56. racism (noun) – the belief that a particular race is superior or inferior to another.
  57. in conjunction (phrase) – together.
  58. respondent (noun) – a person who replies to something (questionnaire etc,).
  59. immigration (noun) – the act of leaving one’s countries and moving to another country of which they are not natives, nor citizens, to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens.
  60. assumption (noun) – belief, supposition, expectation, speculation, conjecture.
  61. migration (noun) – movement of people within the borders of the same country or cross international borders in order to find work or better living conditions.
  62. hostile (adjective) – opposed, inimical, averse.
  63. battered (adjective) – damaged, impaired, spoiled.
  64. it bears repeating that (phrase) – it’s worth repeating that.
  65. inviolable (adjective) – absolute, untouchable, unalterable, unchallengeable.
  66. mandate (noun) – approval, acceptance, ratification.
  67. supportive (adjective) – encouraging, understanding, concerned, in favour.
  68. lock up (phrasal verb) – restrain, detain, confine.
  69. apocalypse (noun) – the total destruction and end of the world; annihilation, catastrophe, devastation.
  70. fallacy (noun) – misconception, misbelief, false notion.
  71. legitimacy (noun) – legality, lawfulness; justification, validity, permissibility.
  72. mainstream (adjective) – accepted, established, recognized.
  73. call into question (phrase) – doubt, distrust, mistrust, suspect.
  74. utility (noun) – use, usefulness, advantage, benefit.
  75. The Electoral College (noun) – it is a group of people that elects the president and the vice president of the United States. (The word “college” in this case simply refers to an organized body of people engaged in a common task).
  76. mechanism (noun) – procedure, process, method/technique.
  77. intermediary (adjective) – mediator, go-between, arbitrator, arbiter, conciliator, peacemaker.
  78. the executive (noun) – the executive is a branch of government which enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.
  79. stall (verb) – obstruct, block, interrupt, stop, halt, restrict.
  80. representative democracy (noun) – a type of democracy in which citizenry vote for government representatives to handle legislation and ruling the country on their behalf. citizenry (noun) – all the people/citizens (of a place/country considered as a whole).
  81. mobocracy (noun) – lawlessness, absence of government; chaos/disorder.
  82. anomaly (noun) – something different, abnormal, unusual; oddity, peculiarity, deviation, aberration, exception.
  83. popular vote (noun) – the popular vote is simply the total votes cast for each candidate across the whole of the United States. The candidate with the most votes across the nation is said to have won the popular vote.
  84. regardless of (phrase) – irrespective of, without consideration of, notwithstanding, in spite of.
  85. dismantle (verb) – demolish, knock down, destroy.
  86. pluralist (adjective) – the people who exist in harmony irrespective of various differences.
  87. demagogue (noun) – a (political) leader in a democracy who gains popularity by exploiting emotions, prejudice and ignorance among the common people.
  88. ironic (adjective) – strange, unexpected, odd, paradoxical.
  89. stand for (phrasal verb) – advocate, champion, uphold, support.
  90. pluralism (noun) – (of people) the practice exist in harmony irrespective of various differences.
  91. base (verb) – form, establish.
  92. call (noun) – appeal, request, plea, demand.
  93. demagogy (noun) – the act of gaining popularity by exploiting emotions, prejudice and ignorance among the common people.
  94. derision (noun) – mockery, disdain, contempt.
  95. coloniser (noun) – a person who settles in a foreign country and exploits it by dominating its own (native) people.
  96. inhabitant (noun) – resident, dweller; people/public.
  97. soulless (adjective) – characterless, featureless, bland, dull, uninspiring.
  98. primitive (adjective) – basic/elementary, undeveloped, unsophisticated.
  99. creature (noun) – animal, human being (or any other soul/mortal).
  100. superiority (noun) – advantage, lead, primacy.
  101. immigrant (noun) – non-native, foreigner, migrant.
  102. the wretched (adjective) – unhappy person, sad person, heartbroken person, grief-stricken person.
  103. wretched (adjective) – very bad, terrible, awful (conditions).
  104. hinterland (noun) – remote areas of a country away from the coastal areas/the banks of major rivers.
  105. inoculate from (verb) – protect from, shield from, safeguard from.
  106. strain (noun) – variety, kind, type.
  107. affliction (noun) – misfortune, hardship, suffering, pain, trouble.
  108. unabashed (adjective) – audacious, fearless, unconcerned, bold.
  109. self-styled (adjective) – so-called, self-appointed, avowed, professed.
  110. mainstream (noun) – something (certain beliefs/ideas/activities) which are accepted or recognized by most people as a normal or typical.
  111. bring down (phrasal verb) – knock down, pull down, demolish, bulldoze, destroy.
  112. deference (noun) – respect, regard, submission/obedience.
  113. opponent (noun) – rival, enemy, nemesis, contender/opposer.
  114. long-held (adjective) – deep-rooted, enduring.
  115. throw out of the window (phrase) – to stop using something; to be no longer exist.
  116. unsubstantiated (adjective) – unconfirmed, unproven, unverified.
  117. track record (noun) – previous performance, previous accomplishments, previous achievements.
  118. handle someone with kid gloves (phrase) – deal with someone very carefully/tactfully.
  119. credibility (noun) – trustworthiness, reliability, integrity.
  120. cartel (noun) – a group of manufacturers/businesses fixing a high price to avoid competition and to make more money.
  121. vested interest (noun) – a personal interest in something to get benefit.
  122. address (verb) – deal with, handle, tackle, grapple with.
  123. elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society.
  124. pin on (phrasal verb) – blame someone for something.
  125. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, follow.
  126. reach out (phrasal verb) – contact someone to obtain/offer help/assistance/cooperation.
  127. ecosystem (noun) – a complex network.
  128. cytokine storm (noun) – an overreaction of the body’s immune system immune overreaction.
  129. morbidity (noun) – an unhealthy state; abnormal/gloomy condition; the quality of being morbid.
  130. trust deficit (noun) – lack of trust (on authorities-from societal point of view). Situations with low levels of trust are not supportive and often counterproductive. People feel vulnerable and look at each other with suspicion. As a result, they are less open, since they fear that they will not be fairly treated by the other side.
  131. brutality (noun) – cruelty, barbarity, inhumanity.
  132. chaos (noun) – disorder, disarray, turmoil, disorganization, disruption.
  133. linger (verb) – stay, remain, continue/persist.
  134. swell (verb) – grow larger, grow greater, increase, expand, rise (in number).


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Like long COVID, there is long Trump) – Nov 13, 2020

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