The Hindu Lead Article (Liberty at the government’s whim) – Feb 11, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Liberty at the government’s whim) – Feb 11, 2020

Fundamental rights, we have been repeatedly been told, do not exist in silos. The values inherent in the rights to equality,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Liberty at the government’s whim) – Feb 11, 2020.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Liberty at the government’s whim) – Feb 11, 2020:

  1. whim (noun) – wish, desire, impulse, urge.
  2. preventative detention (noun) – it means to detain a person so that to prevent that person from commenting on any possible crime or in other words preventive detention is an action taken by the administration on the grounds of the suspicion that some wrong actions may be done by the person concerned which will be prejudicial to the state.
  3. antithesis (noun) – direct opposite, reversal, contrast.
  4. silo (noun) – any system/process/department which is unable to operate with others. It functions alone and does not wish to share information with others.
  5. inherent (adjective) – existing as a basic, fundamental, essential quality.
  6. intertwine (verb) – connect, link, weave together closely.
  7. conception (noun) – idea, concept, notion.
  8. unrestrained (adjective) – unrestricted, uncontrolled, unchecked, unsuppressed.
  9. theoretical (adjective) – conceptual, abstract, notional, speculative.
  10. affirmation (noun) – confirmation, ratification, endorsement.
  11. permeate (verb) – spread through, fill, penetrate, pass through.
  12. untouched (adjective) – unaffected, unchanged, uninfluenced.
  13. rigour (noun) – strictness, severity hardness, inflexibility; carefulness, diligence, attention to detail.
  14. due process (noun) – fair treatment (per established principles & procedures).
  15. lead-up to (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation (before an event).
  16. with a view (to) (phrase) – with the aim of, with the intention of.
  17. prejudicial (adjective) – detrimental, disadvantageous, unfavourable/harmful.
  18. ground (noun) – reason, factor, basis.
  19. detention (noun) – confinement/incarceration, captivity, custody.
  20. indistinct (adjective) – ill-defined, unclear, obscure.
  21. arbitrary (adjective) – capricious, whimsical; unmotivated, unreasonable, irrational/illogical, unjustified.
  22. invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, appeal to. 
  23. brace (noun) – pair, couple.
  24. lodge (verb) – submit, present, put forward.
  25. vague (adjective) – imprecise, inexact, unclear, uncertain.
  26. purported (adjective) – alleged, professed, claimed.
  27. advocacy (noun) – backing, supporting, endorsing.
  28. secessionist (adjective) – separatist, fanatic, dissenting/rebel.
  29. ideology (noun) – beliefs, ideas/opinions, principles.
  30. take into account (phrase) – consider, respect, take account of.
  31. deteriorating (adjective) – worsening, declining, degenerating.
  32. ail (verb) – be unwell, feel pain, be ill; sicken.
  33. customary (adjective) – usual, normal, traditional/conventional.
  34. panegyric (noun) – commendation, acclamation, tribute.
  35. transcendental (adjective) – spiritual, divine, heavenly, sublime.
  36. inalienable (adjective) – inviolable/unchallengeable, absolute/inherent.
  37. in accordance with (phrase) – in agreement with, in conformity with, in line with.
  38. standalone (adjective) – unmatched, unequalled, beyond comparison, second to none.
  39. unacquainted with (adjective) – unfamiliar withunused to, new to.
  40. render (verb) – deliver, hand down, give, announce (a verdict or judgement).
  41. primordial (adjective) – instinctive, primitive, basic/fundamental.
  42. the executive (noun) – the executive is a branch of government which enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.
  43. ought to (modal verb) – must, should.
  44. immunity (noun) – impunity, exemption/freedom from punishment, special treatment.
  45. regardless of (adverb) – notwithstanding, despite.
  46. credible (adjective) – acceptable, dependable, convincing.
  47. nexus (noun) – connection, link.
  48. objective (adjective) – impartial, unbiased; actual, real.
  49. a trifle (phrase) – a little; somewhat.
  50. extraordinary (adjective) – unusual, strange/odd, uncommon.
  51. boundless (adjective) – unlimited, unbounded, untold.
  52. pre-eminence (noun) – superiority, supremacy, predominance.
  53. long-standing (adjective) – well established.
  54. jurisprudence (noun) – body of laws/rules; legal system.
  55. litany (noun) – recitation, repetition, repetitive series/account.
  56. precedent (noun) – model, exemplar, example, pattern; previous example/instance, prior instance.
  57. pride of place (phrase) – greater importance, priority, precedence.
  58. stipulate (verb) – specify, lay down, require.
  59. immunise from (verb) – shield from, safeguard from, protect from.
  60. overrule (verb) – cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal.
  61. implicitly (adverb) – indirectly, tacitly, in a implied/hinted way.
  62. substantive (adjective) – important & meaningful.
  63. caprice (noun) – whim, urge; changeableness, inconstancy, unpredictability.
  64. rationale (noun) – reason/basis; principle.
  65. whimsical (adjective) – capricious, arbitrary; unpredictable, variable.
  66. a coin toss (phrase) – there is an equal chance of either of two things happening.
  67. apparent (adjective) – noticeable, recognizable, evident/obvious.
  68. purportedly (adverb) – allegedly, reportedly, supposedly.
  69. postulation (noun) – suggestion, assumption, presumption.
  70. jurisdiction (noun) – authority, control, leadership.
  71. suspicion (noun) – misgiving, doubt/qualm, distrust, scepticism.
  72. looming (adjective) – appearing/emerging as a large/threatening one.
  73. enactment (noun) – ratification, validation, approval; pronouncement, proclamation.
  74. precisely (adverb) – exactly, absolutely, squarely.
  75. successive (adjective) – following, consecutive, succeeding.
  76. quell (verb) – crush, stifle, suppress, end.
  77. the slightest (phrase) – any, whatsoever.
  78. dissent (noun) – disagreement, disapproval, opposition.
  79. sought past and past participle of seek (verb) – request, ask for, appeal for.
  80. invariably (adverb) – always, every time/each time; habitually/inevitably.
  81. omnipotent (adjective) – all-powerful, pre-eminent, great power/influence.
  82. supremacy (noun) – control, power, leadership, influence.
  83. irrelevance (noun) – inapplicability, unconnectedness, unrelatedness.
  84. unbridled (adjective) – unrestrained, unconstrained, uncontrolled.
  85. exemplify (verb) – typify, epitomize, represent/illustrate.
  86. exception (noun) – special case, anomaly, peculiarity.
  87. apprehend (verb) – understand, comprehend, realize.
  88. disguise (verb) – camouflage, conceal, hide, cover up.
  89. repugnant (adjective) – unacceptable, awful, terrible.
  90. conscience (noun) – moral sense; morals, values/ethics, principles.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Liberty at the government’s whim) – Feb 11, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Liberty at the government’s whim) – Feb 11, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Liberty at the government’s whim) – Feb 11, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Liberty at the government’s whim) – Feb 11, 2020

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