The Hindu Lead Article (India’s COVID crisis) – Apr 24, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (India’s COVID crisis) – Apr 24, 2021

India is in its darkest days of the pandemic, but there may be still darker days to come. With one in three new infections globally occurring in the country, India’s astronomic surge… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India’s COVID crisis) – Apr 24, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India’s COVID crisis) – Apr 24, 2021:

  1. neglect (noun) – negligence, carelessness, heedlessness, laxity; lack of proper care and attention, dereliction of duty.
  2. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.
  3. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  4. astronomic (adjective) – very high; very large (amount of something).
  5. surge (noun) – sudden increase or rise of something.
  6. propel (verb) – force, spur, drive, prompt.
  7. grave (adjective) – crucial, critical, serious.
  8. well-being (noun) – a healthy state/condition.
  9. outbreak (noun) – outburst, flaring up, breakout, sudden appearance/occurrence of something.
  10. gravity (noun) – seriousness, importance/significance, severity. 
  11. at hand (phrase) – imminent, close at hand, approaching, forthcoming, coming soon, about to happen.
  12. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  13. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  14. catastrophic (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous.
  15. state of affairs (phrase) – condition, situation, circumstances.
  16. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  17. much more (phrase) – a lot more.
  18. rigorous (adjective) – careful, diligent, attentive, ultra-careful, meticulous, painstaking.
  19. grasp (verb) – understand, comprehend, follow, apprehend.
  20. scope (noun) – extent, range, reach, purview, stretch, spread.
  21. positivity (rate) (noun) – the proportion of positives to total tests done for disease; the percentage of tests that are turning out to be positive for disease; the rate at which people getting tested for disease receive positive results.
  22. coronavirus (CoV) (noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  23. climb (verb) – rise, increase.
  24. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  25. undocumented (adjective) – not having the proper (legal) document.
  26. crematorium/crematoria (noun) – a place for the cremation of the dead (person). Cremation is a method of the final disposition of a dead body through burning.
  27. constant (adjective) – continuous, persistent, round-the-clock.
  28. furnace (noun) – an enclosed, industrial device used for heating.
  29. premature (adjective) – untimely, early, too soon/too early; ill-timed, hasty.
  30. predicament (noun) – problematic situation, difficulty, quandary.
  31. certainly (adverb) – surely, definitely, unquestionably.
  32. enormous (adjective) – huge, very large, massive.
  33. geographically (adverb) – in terms of the region.
  34. diverse (adjective) – very different, varying, multiple, sundry, dissimilar.
  35. sprawling (adjective) – stretching, extending, spreading out (over a large area).
  36. drop (verb) – decrease, lessen, reduce, diminish.
  37. enforce (verb) – make something mandatory, necessitate, impose.
  38. social/physical distancing (noun) – a term that means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  39. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  40. roll out (phrasal verb) – launch, introduce, organize, inaugurate (something officially).
  41. homegrown (adjective) – belonging to one’s own country.
  42. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  43. fanfare (noun) – publicity, media attention, sensationalism, display/show.
  44. usher in (verb) – start, begin, initiate.
  45. nightmare (noun) – very unpleasant or frightening experience; ordeal, horror, torment.
  46. resumption (noun) – restart, restarting, recommencement, reopening. 
  47. in-person (adjective) – relating to an event where people physically present together.
  48. rally (noun) – gathering, march/procession, meeting.
  49. fuel (noun) – something that causes a difficult situation to worsen/intensify.
  50. explode (verb) – increase suddenly, increase rapidly, escalate, accelerate, heighten.
  51. sea (noun) – multitude, a host of, lot, large number, great quantity.
  52. apparently (adverb) – seemingly, evidently, it appears that; supposedly.
  53. oblivious (adjective) – unaware, heedless, unconcerned, unmindful.
  54. pose (verb) – constitute, present, create, cause (a problem or danger or risk).
  55. ironically (adverb) – paradoxically, unexpectedly, strangely.
  56. as a result (phrase) – subsequently, therefore, thus.
  57. result in (phrasal verb) – cause, bring on, bring about, call forth, give rise to.
  58. undetected (adjective) – not discovered.
  59. pilgrim (noun) – traveller (going to holy/sacred place for a religious reason).
  60. expose (verb) – make vulnerable; subject to something (infectious agents & others).
  61. neighbour (noun) – a person living next door.
  62. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  63. take advantage of (phrase) – make use of, utilize, put to use, use, capitalize on, draw on.
  64. mutate (verb) – undergo (genetic change).
  65. unchecked (adjective) – uncontrolled, unconstrained, unrestricted.
  66. deadly (adjective) – fatal, lethal, life-threatening.
  67. variant (noun) – different or form or version or mutant of something (virus).
  68. dynamics (noun) – basic/fundamental cause or force that triggers change within a system.
  69. epidemic (noun) – a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region.
  70. double mutant (noun) – a unique “double mutant” coronavirus variant – with a combination of mutations not seen anywhere else in the world – has been found in India. The ‘double mutant’ virus that as having a bearing on the spread of the pandemic in India, has a formal scientific classification: B.1.617.
  71. mutant (noun) – mutation, variant, variation.
  72. strain (noun) – variety, kind, type; variant, mutant.
  73. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  74. virulent (adjective) – highly infectious, highly infective, highly contagious, rapidly spreading.
  75. draw on (phrasal verb) – make use of, use, employ, utilize.
  76. scale up (phrasal verb) – increase, augment; step up. 
  77. genomic (adjective) – relating to the gene (genetic material) of a living thing.
  78. surveillance (noun) – monitoring, observation, scrutiny, inspection.
  79. astronomical (adjective) – very high/large (amount of).
  80. transmission chain (noun) – the act or process by which something is spread or passed from one person or thing to another.
  81. curb (verb) – control, contain, restrict, limit.
  82. exponential (adjective) – rapid, quickfast.
  83. rollout (noun) – official launch/introduction.
  84. outreach (noun) – the level of reaching out/activity/effort; involvement.
  85. logistics (noun) – the process of planning & executing a complex operation; organization, planning, management, arrangement.
  86. administer (verb) – dispense, provide, give, apply (a drug/vaccine).
  87. in place (phrase) – established, in position.
  88. come down (phrasal verb) – decline, reduce, lessen.
  89. substantially (adverb) – considerably, significantly, largely.
  90. (social) cost (noun) – a bad or unpleasant effect (that a business has on people/society).
  91. last resort (phrase) – a final course of action when all else has failed; ultimate, final, eventual action.
  92. universal (adjective) – relating to all people; all-inclusive, all-embracing, comprehensive, general/common.
  93. enormously (adverb) – extremely, very, hugely.
  94. mandatory (noun) – obligatory, compulsory, binding, required, requisite, necessary, essential.
  95. come to an end (phrase) – finish, stop, to reach an end.
  96. vaccinate (verb) – inoculate, administer, introduce (with a vaccine to provide immunity against a disease).
  97. slow down (phrasal verb) – reduce, lessen decrease (one’s activity).
  98. clout (noun) – influence, power, control.
  99. look forward (to) (phrasal verb) – anticipate, expect, hope for.
  100. go through (phrasal verb) – undergo, experience, suffer, live through, endure, tolerate.
  101. overwhelm (verb) – overload, overburden, beset, afflict/strain.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India’s COVID crisis) – Apr 24, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (India’s COVID crisis) – Apr 24, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India’s COVID crisis) – Apr 24, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India’s COVID crisis) – Apr 24, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India’s COVID crisis) – Apr 24, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (India’s COVID crisis) – Apr 24, 2021

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