The Hindu Lead Article (Indian democracy’s Westphalian moment) – Oct 09, 2018

The Hindu Lead Article (Indian democracy’s Westphalian moment) – Oct 09, 2018

With the Election Commission having announced the schedule for elections to the Legislative Assemblies of Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Rajasthan and Telangana in November-December. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Indian democracy’s Westphalian moment) – Oct 09, 2018.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Indian democracy’s Westphalian moment) – Oct 09, 2018:

  1. westphalian order/system (noun) – a global order/system (based on the principle of international law that each state has sovereignty over its territory and domestic affairs, to the exclusion of all external powers, on the principle of non-interference in another country’s domestic affairs, and that each state (no matter how large or small) is equal in international law. The doctrine is named after the Peace of Westphalia, signed in 1648, which ended the Thirty Years’ War).
  2. forge (verb) – build, form, create.
  3. accommodation (noun) – compromise/settlement; adjustment, adaptation.
  4. dress rehearsal (noun) -final rehearsal before the main show.
  5. majoritarian (adjective) – relating to a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  6. supremacism (noun) – the support for a belief that a particular group of people are superior than others in the society.
  7. hegemony (noun) – leadership, dominance, authority.
  8. federalism (noun) – a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  9. discordanance (noun) – disagreement, disputation, difference.
  10. sober (adjective) – sensible/thoughtful; logical, realistic.
  11. reflection (noun) – opinion, thought, viewpoint.
  12. optics (noun) – (typically in a political situation) the way in which an event is recognized by the public.
  13. cynic (noun) – sceptic, doubter, pessimist.
  14. despair (noun) – hopelessness, distress, anguish.
  15. grace (noun) – politeness, courtesy, propriety.
  16. faction (noun) – sect, group, division.
  17. upswing (noun) – growth, rise, elevation.
  18. fluke (noun) – do/accomplish something by chance/accident/luck.
  19. jolt (verb) –  surprise, shock, stun.
  20. suffice it to say (phrase) – enough to say something briefly, in short, in summary.
  21. usher in (verb) – start, initiate, pave the way for.
  22. watershed (adjective) – critical/decisive/climax, landmark/milestone.
  23. accord (noun) – agreement, consensus, cooperation.
  24. gallantly (adverb) – bravely, courageously, valiantly.
  25. territoriality (noun) – something important (status/rank/ownership/occupancy) related to a territory.
  26. stem from (verb) – originate from, arise from, emanate from.
  27. metaphor (noun) – figure of speech, figurative expression, comparison/symbol.
  28. succinctly (adverb) – concisely, shortly, clearly.
  29. equilibrium (noun) – balance, symmetry, equality.
  30. insight (noun) – deep understanding, realization, recognition.
  31. knockout blow (noun) – stunning blow, finishing blow, shocking blow.
  32. in tow (phrase) – under one’s protection, accompanying, following.
  33. take on (phrasal verb) – compete against, oppose, confront.
  34. calendar (verb) – added to the calendar/time table.
  35. gesture (noun) – action, deed, move.
  36. reciprocate (verb) – do the same, return/give back; respond.
  37. discount (verb) – disregard, pay no attention to, ignore/overlook.
  38. impulse (noun) – (strong & sudden) urge/instinct, compulsion, need.
  39. nostrum (noun) – scheme, formula, remedy (for social improvement/reform).
  40. staunch (verb) – control, contain, restrict.
  41. discrimination (noun) – discernment, judgement, perception/insight.
  42. calibrate (verb) –  determine, evaluate, quantify.
  43. splinter (verb) – separate, disintegrate, split up (into small groups).
  44. arithmetic (noun) – calculation, reckoning, tally.
  45. get the better of  (phrase) – defeat, overpower, win against.
  46. heighten (verb) – intensify, increase, amplify.
  47. pyrrhic (adjective) – (of a victory) meaningless, valueless/worthless, useless.
  48. prevail (verb) – succeed/win/triumph, prove superior, conquer.
  49. scattered (adjective) – disorganized, disbanded, divided.
  50. abject (adjective) – awful, pathetic, appalling.
  51. the writing is on the wall (phrase) – sign, indication, omen.
  52. inhibitor (noun) – a thing which is preventing/slowing down something.
  53. stinging (adjective) – harsh, upsetting, painful.
  54. deprive (verb) – oust, overthrow, remove.
  55. trounce (verb) – defeat utterly, crush, overwhelm.
  56. fragile (adjective) – tenuous, weak/perilous, insecure.
  57. usurp (verb) –  take over, expropriate, take possession of.
  58. reckon (verb) – calculate, quantify, evaluate/estimate.
  59. opportunism (noun) – expediency/exploitation, taking advantage, pragmatism.
  60. morph (verb) – alter, modify, transform/distort.
  61. antithesis (noun) – direct opposite, reversal, contrast.


Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Indian democracy’s Westphalian moment) – Oct 09, 2018:

The Hindu Lead Article (Indian democracy’s Westphalian moment) – Oct 09, 2018 The Hindu Lead Article (Indian democracy’s Westphalian moment) – Oct 09, 2018

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